International Astronautical Congress

61st International Astronautical Congress in Prague, Czech Republic (2010)

Every year, the International Astronautical Federation together with the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), holds the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) which is hosted by one of the national society members of the IAF.

They are an annual meeting of the actors in the discipline of space, and are generally held in late September or early October. They consist of plenary sessions, lectures and meetings. The IAC is attended by the agency heads and senior executives of the world's space agencies.

As the Second World War came to an end, the United States and the Soviet Union began to divide due to their differences in ideology and the governance of their country. As the Cold War began to take shape, communication between the two countries became less frequent. Both countries turned their focus to achieving military superiority over the other.

The International Astronautical Federation was formed six years after the Iron curtain fell by scientists from all over Europe in the field of space research in order to collaborate once more. During the years of the Space Race, the IAF was one of the few forums where members of both East and West Europe could meet during the annual International Astronautical Congresses.[1]

Contents

Founding OrganizationsEdit

  • Argentina: Sociedad Argentina Interplanetaria (Argentianian Interplanetary Society)
  • Austria: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung (Austrian Society for Space Research)
  • France: Groupement Astronautique Français (French Astronautic Group)
  • Germany: Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Stuttgart (Society for Space Research Stuttgart), Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Hamburg (Society for Space Research Hamburg)
  • Italy: Associazione Italiana Razzi (Italian Rocket Association)
  • Spain: Asociación Española de Astronáutica (Spanish Astronautical Association)
  • Sweden: Svenska Interplanetariska Sällskapet (Swedish Interplanetary Society)
  • Switzerland: Schweizerische Astronautische Arbeitsgemeinschaft (Swiss Astronautical Association)
  • United Kingdom: British Interplanetary Society
  • United States: American Rocket Society, Detroit Rocket Society, Pacific Rocket Society, Reaction Research Society[1]

International Astronautical Federation GovernanceEdit

The International Astronautical Federation is a non-profit non-governmental organization created in 1951. Under French law, the IAF is defined as a federation of member organizations where a General Assembly is responsible for making decisions.

IAF General AssemblyEdit

The IAF general Assembly is in charge of governing the Federation. Composed of delegates from every member organization, the assembly is responsible for voting to approve all major decisions regarding the Federation's rules and regulations as well as the acceptance of new member organizations. The General Assembly meets during the International Astronautical Congress.[2]

IAF BureauEdit

The IAF Bureau is responsible for organizing the IAF General Assembly and consists of:

The IAF President

12 IAF Vice-Presidents

The IAF Executive Director

The IAF General Counsel

The IAF Honorary Secretary

The President of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)

The President of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL)

Special advisers to the President

IAF SecretariatEdit

This branch is in charge of running the administration of the Federation.

Locations of recent and future International Astronautical Congresses (IAC)Edit

International Astronautical Congresses normally takes place during the first half of October. In 2002 and 2012 the World Space Congress combined the IAC and COSPAR Scientific Assembly.[citation needed]

Edition Date Venue
1st September 30 – October 2, 1950   Paris, France
2nd September 3–8, 1951   London, United Kingdom
3rd September 1–5, 1952   Stuttgart, Germany
4th August 3–8, 1953   Zurich, Switzerland
5th August 2–7, 1954   Innsbruck, Austria
6th August 2–6, 1955   Copenhagen, Denmark
7th September 17–22, 1956   Rome, Italy
8th October 6–12, 1957   Barcelona, Spain
9th August 25–30, 1958   Amsterdam, Netherlands
10th August 31 – September 5, 1959   London, United Kingdom.
11th October 7–12, 1960   Stockholm, Sweden
12th October 1–7, 1961   Washington, D.C., USA
13th September 19–23, 1962   Varna, Bulgaria
14th September 25 – October 1, 1963   Paris, France
15th September 7–12, 1964   Warsaw, Poland
16th September 13–18, 1965   Athens, Greece
17th October 9–15, 1966   Madrid, Spain
18th September 24–30, 1967   Belgrade, Yugoslavia
19th October 13–18, 1968   New York, USA
20th October 5–10, 1969   Mar del Plata, Argentina
21st October 4–9, 1970   Constance, Germany
22nd September 20–25, 1971   Brussel, Belgium
23rd October 8–15, 1972   Vienna, Austria
24th October, 7–13, 1973   Baku, USSR
25th September 30 – October 5, 1974   Amsterdam, Netherlands
26th September, 21–27 1975   Lisbon, Portugal
27th October 10–16, 1976   Anaheim, California
28th September 25 – October 1, 1977   Prague, Czechoslovakia
29th October, 1–8, 1978   Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia
30th September 17–22, 1979   Munich, Germany
31st September 21–28, 1980[3]   Tokyo, Japan
32nd September 6–12, 1981   Rome, Italy
33rd September 27 – October 2, 1982   Paris, France
34th October 10–15, 1983   Budapest, Hungary
35th October 8–13, 1984   Lausanne, Switzerland
36th October 7–12, 1985   Stockholm, Sweden
37th October 4–11, 1986   Innsbruck, Austria
38th October 10–17, 1987   Brighton, United Kingdom
39th October 8–15, 1988   Bangalore, India
40th October 7–13, 1989   Malaga, Spain
41st October 6–12, 1990   Dresden, Germany
42nd October 5–11, 1991   Montreal, Canada
43rd August 28 – September 5, 1992   Washington, D.C., USA
44th October 16–22, 1993   Graz, Austria
45th October 9–14, 1994   Jerusalem, Israel
46th October 2–6, 1995   Oslo, Norway
47th October 7–11, 1996   Beijing, China
48th October 6–10, 1997   Torino, Italy
49th September 28 – October 2, 1998   Melbourne, Australia
50th October 4–8, 1999   Amsterdam, The Netherlands
51st October 2–6, 2000   Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
52nd October 1–5, 2001   Toulouse, France
53rd October 10–19, 2002   Houston, United States
54th September 29 – October 3, 2003   Bremen, Germany
55th October 4–8, 2004   Vancouver, Canada
56th October 16–21, 2005   Fukuoka, Japan
57th October 2–6, 2006   Valencia, Spain
58th September 24–28, 2007   Hyderabad, India
59th September 29 – October 3, 2008   Glasgow, United Kingdom
60th October 12–16, 2009   Daejeon, South Korea
61st September 27 – October 1, 2010   Prague, Czech Republic
62nd October 3–7, 2011   Cape Town, South Africa
63rd October 1–5, 2012   Naples, Italy
64th September 23–27, 2013   Beijing, China
65th September 29 – October 3, 2014   Toronto, Canada
66th October 12–16, 2015   Jerusalem, Israel
67th September 26–30, 2016[4]   Guadalajara, Mexico
68th September 25–29, 2017[5]   Adelaide, Australia
69th October 1–5, 2018   Bremen, Germany
70th October 21–25, 2019   Washington DC, USA
71st September 28 – October 2, 2020   Dubai, UAE
72nd September 27 – October 1, 2021   Paris, France

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "History | Iaf". www.iafastro.org. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  2. ^ "Governance | Iaf". www.iafastro.org. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  3. ^ L. G. Napolitano (October 22, 2013). Applications of Space Developments: Selected Papers from the XXXI International Astronautical Congress, Tokyo, 21 — 28 September 1980. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-1-4831-5976-8.
  4. ^ IAC – International Astronautical Congress | September 26th – 30th 2016 Guadalajara, Mexico, accessed January 28, 2016.
  5. ^ International Astronautical Congress in 2017

External linksEdit