Hysni Kapo

Hysni Kapo (1915–1979[1]) was an Albanian military commander and leading member of the Party of Labour of Albania. A member of the Communist Youth group Kapo was first distinguished as an artillery commander in the Battle of Drashovica. In 1941 he was elected as a representative of the Youth group in the provisional central committee of the party and from 1956 to his death in 1979 Kapo was one of the secretary of the central committee of the Party of Labour of Albania. Hysni Kapo served in many ministerial positions and was a member of the Politburo of the Party of Labour of Albania from 1948 to his death. In the 1960s he played an important role in the emancipation of women in Albania during the cultural revolution of the era, and is remembered as a trusted man of the Albanian communist leader Enver Hoxha.

Hysni Kapo
Hysni Kapo (portret).jpeg
Member of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour
In office
1943–1979
First Secretary of the Party of LabourEnver Hoxha
Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
1950–1956
First Secretary of the Party of LabourEnver Hoxha
Chairman of the Council of MinistersEnver Hoxha
Minister of Agriculture of Albania
In office
1951–1954
First Secretary of the Party of LabourEnver Hoxha
Chairman of the Council of MinistersEnver Hoxha
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania
In office
1947–1949
First Secretary of the Party of LabourEnver Hoxha
Chairman of the Council of MinistersEnver Hoxha
Foreign MinisterEnver Hoxha
Albanian Ambassador to Yugoslavia
In office
1945–1947
First Secretary of the Party of LabourEnver Hoxha
Personal details
BornMarch 3–4, 1915
Tërbaç, Principality of Albania
DiedSeptember 23, 1979
Paris, France
Political partyParty of Labour of Albania
Spouse(s)Vito Kapo
OccupationSoldier
Signature
Military service
AllegianceAlbania Democratic Government of Albania
Albania Socialist Albania
Branch/serviceLNÇ/LANÇ(until 1945)
Albanian People's Army(from 1945)
Battles/warsBattle of Gjorm
Battle of Drashovica

Early lifeEdit

Hysni Kapo was born in Tërbaç, Vlorë District, southwestern Albania on March 4 or 3,[2] 1915. He studied at the Commercial School of Vlore.[2]

Military lifeEdit

In the 1930s he joined the Communist Youth group, an organization closely associated with the founders of the Communist Party of Albania (later renamed the Party of Labour of Albania). During World War II he commanded LNÇ units in the Vlorë area. In the Battle of Gjorm in January 1943 he was the second-in-command of the LNÇ units after Mehmet Shehu. In the Battle of Drashovica in September 1943 was the general commander of LNÇ battalions and was stationed in the hills opposite to the German encampment. During the battle his leg was wounded and he was moved to Lapardha.[3]

Political lifeEdit

After World War II, Kapo served as ambassador to Yugoslavia (1945–47), deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs (1947–49), deputy Prime Minister (1950–56), and Minister of Agriculture (1951-1954). He also was member of the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania from 1943 till 1979, and full member of the Politburo from 1946 to 1979.[3] From 1955 until the Soviet-Albanian split, he also served as President of the Albanian-Soviet Friendship Society.[4] Kapo attended the 1960 International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties in the place of Enver Hoxha and Mehmet Shehu, highlighting the growing tensions between Tirana and Moscow. Kapo was considered the third-highest party official at the time, after Hoxha and Shehu.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Kapo was married two times. He had a son, Pëllumb, from the first marriage. Kapo was then married to Vito Kapo, née Kondi, an early communist and long time president of the Women's Branch of the Party of Labour.[6]

Kapo died in 1979 of pancreatic cancer in Paris, France, where he was receiving medical treatment.[7]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Vickers, Miranda (2014). The Albanians: A Modern History. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-78076-695-9.
  2. ^ a b Borys Lewytzkyj, Juliusz Stroynowski (1978), Who's who in the Socialist Countries, K. G. Saur Pub, p. 266, ISBN 9780896640115
  3. ^ a b Robert Elsie (2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 225. ISBN 978-0-8108-6188-6.
  4. ^ "Albanian-Soviet Friendship Society", Daily Report: Foreign Radio Broadcasts, Washington: Foreign Broadcast Information Service (176–180): 152, 1960, OCLC 10663518
  5. ^ Vickers, Miranda (2014). The Albanians: A Modern History. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-78076-695-9.
  6. ^ William Griffith (1963), Albania and the Sino-Soviet Rift, Studies in international communism, Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, p. 320, OCLC 246100
  7. ^ "Ditari i Enver Hoxhës në '82: Vito Kapo shprehu dyshime për vdekjen e Hysni Kapos". Panorama. Retrieved 7 October 2017.