Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas

Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy, formerly called O.Y. Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas A.B is a former furniture producer located in Littoinen, Kaarina, Finland. The company is known particularly as producer of Alvar Aalto designed furniture.

Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy
O.Y. Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas A.B.
Founded15 February 1912; 108 years ago (1912-02-15)[1] in Turku, Grand Duchy of Finland[2]
HeadquartersLittoinen, ,
Revenue1,534,000 (2014)
1,983,000 (2014[3])
Table and chairs designed by the Aaltos

The company was started in 1910 when Otto Korhonen and three other carpenters bought Puuseppien Osuuskunta ("Carpenters' Co-operative") based in Turku, then Grand Duchy of Finland. The versatile portfolio comprised doors, windows and furniture which were produced in facilities located in Uudenmaankatu 7.[2] The company was registered as Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas in 1912.[1]

At the end of the 1920s Otto Korhonen started co-operation with architect Alvar Aalto. Aalto had recently got two large projects: Southwestern Agricultural Cooperative Building in Turku and Paimio Sanatorium in Paimio. The sanatorium was the most significant collaborative project between Korhonen and Aalto; Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas produced its interior and furniture. Aalto and Korhonen planned together a number of armchairs and various tables for the personnel and patients.[2] The Paimio Sanatorium was the inspiration for many of the Aalto's stackable designs, and this in turn influenced the American designers Charles and Ray Eames.[4]

In the 1930s the company developed a wood bending method, which was largely applied on Aalto's furniture. Aalto's "Y-leg" introduced in 1947 and "X-leg" that followed in 1954 were based on method developed by Huonekalu- ja Rakennustyötehdas. The bent wooden parts became characteristic features in many Aalto's furniture models, such as "stacking chair" and "flexible wooden chair".[2]

The company is most notable for manufacturing the "stacking chair" designs of Alvar and Aino Aalto.[5][6]

In 1966 the company was renamed Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy.[1] During the subsequent decades, the company's portfolio was largely based on Aalto's design classics.[2]

Korhonen's furniture production was sold to Artek, a subsidiary of Vitra, in 2014. The production continues in Littoinen under new name.[7]


  1. ^ a b c "Yrityshaku – Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy Oy". Kauppalehti (in Finnish). Alma Media Oyj. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy". Luettelomedia (in Finnish). Turku, Finland: Suomen Luettelomedia Oy. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  3. ^ "Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy – Taloustiedot" [Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy – Financial data]. Taloussanomat (in Finnish). Sanoma News Oy. Retrieved 2016-05-09.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Paimio chair in MOMA collection
  5. ^ Aalto's work there in Alvar Aalto: A Critical Study, by Malcolm Quantrill, 1983, ISBN 9781461721567
  6. ^ Stackable three-legged chairs from this factory in MOMA collection
  7. ^ "Artekille myös Littoisten Korhosen tehdas" [Also Littoinen Korhonen factory to Artek]. Turun Sanomat (in Finnish). Turku, Finland. 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2016-05-09.

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