Hranice (Cheb District)

Hranice ([ˈɦraɲɪtsɛ], German: Roßbach) is a border town in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 2,100.

Hranice
Town
Aerial view of Hranice
Aerial view of Hranice
Flag of Hranice
Flag
Coat of arms of Hranice
Coat of arms
Hranice is located in Czech Republic
Hranice
Hranice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°18′17″N 12°10′33″E / 50.30472°N 12.17583°E / 50.30472; 12.17583Coordinates: 50°18′17″N 12°10′33″E / 50.30472°N 12.17583°E / 50.30472; 12.17583
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictCheb
First mentioned1413
Government
 • MayorDaniel Mašlár
Area
 • Total31.80 km2 (12.28 sq mi)
Elevation
575 m (1,886 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total2,147
 • Density68/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
351 24
Websitewww.mestohranice.cz

EtymologyEdit

In Czech, Hranice means "border". The old German name, Rossbach, means "horse brook". Following the partition of Germany, a border tripoint (between Czechoslovakia, West and East Germany) was situated near the town, for which the village of Trojmezí (literally "Tripoint") is named. In fact, the village is also the tripoint of the three historical regions of Bohemia, Bavaria and Saxony.

GeographyEdit

Hranice lies twelve kilometres north of , in the northernmost part of the region, at about 575 meters above sea level. The villages of Trojmezí and Kozí Hřbety to the west of the town, Krásňany to the east, Pastviny to the southwest, and Studánka and Novosedly to the south are parts of Hranice. It neighbors the German towns of Bad Elster to the southeast, Gettengrün to the northeast, and Ebmath to the north.

The municipality of Hranice, besides Hranice proper, includes villages of Pastviny, Studánka and Trojmezí.

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Hranice dates to 1413, when the town was bought by the House of Zedtwitz. Before that time, Hranice was the property of the Neubergs. At the end of the 14th century, the Neubergs ran into financial trouble and sold the town. The House of Zedwitz controlled Hranice and the whole region around Aš for almost 500 years.

In 1542, Lutheranism first appeared in the village.

In 1633, the bubonic plague killed forty people in the town.

In 1822 a new school was built; in 1850, a post office was opened; and in 1868, the first fire squad was established.

Textile industryEdit

In the 19th century, the textile industry expanded rapidly in the region, including in Hranice. Beginning in 1806, a local textile factory was one of the most successful in Bohemia. In 1840, however, a plan to build a new road through the town was rejected by the local council. Because Hranice had no railway connection and only bad roads, the textile industry there began to decline. Two new railway routes – one from Aš to Hranice (established in 1885) and the other from Hranice to Adorf (established in 1906) – helped local industry greatly.

LandmarksEdit

BuildingsEdit

Notable buildings in Hranice include the Evangelic Church, built in the 14th century, and the Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary, built in 1894.

MemorialsEdit

Hranice contains a World War I memorial, built in 1928, along with a World War II memorial and a memorial to a Royal Air Force pilot who crashed in the area during World War II.

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.

External linksEdit