Hot Bird is a group of satellites operated by Eutelsat, located at 13°E over the Equator (orbital position) and with a transmitting footprint over Asia, Europe, North Africa, Americas and the Middle East.
Hot Bird Official Logo
|Country of origin||France|
|Regime||Geostationary, 13° East|
|First launch||Hot Bird 1|
28 March 1995
|Last launch||Hot Bird 10|
12 February 2009
Only digital radio and television channels are transmitted by the Hot Bird constellation, both free-to-air and encrypted. In addition there are a few interactive and IP services. The satellites currently operate at 13° East and are numbered 13B, 13C and 13D.
List of satellitesEdit
|Name||Launch Location||Current Location||Launch date||Status|
|Hot Bird 1||Kourou||Junk orbit||28 March 1995||Inactive|
|Hot Bird 2 (Eurobird 9)||Cape Canaveral||48°E||21 November 1996||Active|
|Hot Bird 3 (Eurobird 4)||Kourou||Junk orbit||2 September 1997||Inactive|
|Hot Bird 4 (Atlantic Bird 4)||Kourou||Junk orbit||27 February 1998||Inactive|
|Hot Bird 5 (Eutelsat 25B/Es'hail)||Cape Canaveral||25.5°E||9 October 1998||Active|
|Hot Bird 6||Cape Canaveral||70.3°E||21 August 2002||Active|
|Hot Bird 7||Kourou||N/A - launch failure||11 December 2002||Failed|
|Hot Bird 7A (Eurobird 9A)||Kourou||13°E||12 March 2006||Active|
|Hot Bird 8||Baikonur||13°E||4 August 2006||Active|
|Hot Bird 9||Kourou||13°E||20 December 2008||Active|
|Hot Bird 10||Kourou||33°E||12 February 2009||Active|
Hot Bird 1Edit
Hot Bird 1 was launched by Ariane 44LP on 28 March 1995. The 13° east slot predates the launch, with Eutelsat 1F1 having been located there as early as 1983, and Eutelsat 2F1 having also served time at the location. It has reached end-of-life.
Hot Bird 3Edit
Hot Bird 3 was launched by Ariane 44LP on 2 September 1997 and intended to be moved to 10°E to become Eurobird 10. During the drift from 13°E to 10°E, the satellite suffered loss of power from one solar array. It was nevertheless successfully moved to 10°E, but could only operate at a reduced capacity. Since then, it is operating at 4°E under the name Eurobird 4. At last it was moved to 75°E and renamed to ABS_1B. It has reached end-of-life.
Hot Bird 4Edit
Hot Bird 5Edit
Hot Bird 5 was launched by Atlas-2A on 9 October 1998 and re-located to 25.5°E and renamed Eurobird 2. Six transponders are leased to Arabsat under the name Badr 2, after having been called Arabsat 2D.
Hot Bird 6 (Hot Bird 70D)Edit
Hot Bird 6 was launched by Atlas V 401 on 21 July 2002. Starting on 12 June 2009, the day of Iranian elections, deliberate interference affecting this satellite was traced to Iran. Hot Bird 6 is the primary carrier for BBC Persian Television. As of 2013, it was replaced by Hot Bird 10 (Hot Bird 13D).
Hot Bird 7/7AEdit
Hot Bird 8 (Hot Bird 13B)Edit
Hot Bird 9 (Hot Bird 13C)Edit
Hot Bird 9 was launched by Ariane 5 ECA in December 2008. Its entry into service enabled the Hot Bird 7A satellite to be redeployed to 9° East and rebranded Eurobird 9A, increasing capacity to 38 Ku band transponders at this orbital position.
Hot Bird 10 (Eutelsat 33E)Edit
Hot Bird 10 was launched by Ariane 5 ECA in February 2009 with NSS-9, Spirale A and Spirale B. The Eutelat 33E satellite is located at 33° East, Eutelsat's premium video neighbourhood for cable and satellite broadcasting in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.
Packages broadcast on Hot BirdEdit
- Bis TV
- Cyfrowy Polsat
- NOVA Greece
- NOVA Cyprus
- Press TV
- Sky Italia
- Tivù Sat
Up to 1000 television and radio channels are available Free-To-Air.
List of providersEdit
- "Comparison of the Hot Bird series satellites". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Europe zone
- BBC Persian television combats broadcast interference from Iran, BBC Press Release