Horneburg

Horneburg is a municipality southwest of Hamburg (Germany) in the district of Stade in Lower Saxony.

Horneburg
17th-century Agathenburg Castle which is now a museum and cultural venue
17th-century Agathenburg Castle which is now a museum and cultural venue
Coat of arms of Horneburg
Coat of arms
Location of Horneburg within Stade district
Horneburg in STD.png
Horneburg is located in Germany
Horneburg
Horneburg
Horneburg is located in Lower Saxony
Horneburg
Horneburg
Coordinates: 53°30′34″N 9°34′30″E / 53.50944°N 9.57500°E / 53.50944; 9.57500Coordinates: 53°30′34″N 9°34′30″E / 53.50944°N 9.57500°E / 53.50944; 9.57500
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictStade
Municipal assoc.Horneburg
Government
 • MayorHans-Jürgen Detje (CDU)
Area
 • Total17.13 km2 (6.61 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,257
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
21640
Dialling codes04163
Vehicle registrationSTD
Websitewww.horneburg.de

Horneburg is also the seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Horneburg.

HistoryEdit

Horneburg belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1823 the Duchy was abolished and its territory became part of the Stade Region.

Concentration campEdit

During World War II a concentration camp was established in Horneburg.[2] It was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp. From October 1944 until February 1945 about 200 Hungarian Jewish women and 50 Dutch women were forced to work making valves for the Philips-Valvo-Röhrenwerke. Dutch women were also forced to work in the port of Horneburg. The Hungarian women came from Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, the Dutch women transported from Ravensbrück concentration camp. In mid-February 1945 the SS deported the women to the subcamp Porta Westfalica. 300 Hungarian women coming from a subcamp of Groß Rosen and Auschwitz were transported to Horneburg on February 24, 1945. These women were transported to Bergen-Belsen on April 8, 1945, where they arrived on April 11.[3]

MemorialEdit

On October 22, 1997 a memorial stone with a plaque were installed at the location of the camp, at the street crossing Vordamm/Auedamm, Horneburg.[3]

TransportEdit

The rapid transit system of Hamburg S-Bahn—with the trains of the line S3—and the regional rail serve Horneburg at the railway station.[4]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2019.
  2. ^ The camp is listed as No. 636 Horneburg, Kreis Stade (District Stade) in the official German list.
  3. ^ a b Memorial Neuengamme website
  4. ^ Staff (2009-10-07), Rapid Transit/Regional Rail (Network plan, pdf) (PDF), Hamburger Verkehrsverbund, archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-17, retrieved 2009-02-07

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit