|• Mayor||Ioannis Delakos|
|• Total||13.39 km2 (5.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||476 m (1,562 ft)|
|• Density||980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Holzgerlingen, with its population of 12,700, lies in a clearing in the Schönbuch, a large forest in the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is 6 km (3.7 mi) south of the city of Böblingen. The old city center lies about 475 m (1560 ft) above mean sea level on a watershed. The source of the Aich River is located in the southeast of Holzgerlingen, the Aich is flowing east and feeding the Neckar River at Nürtingen. The source of the Würm River is located west of the city on administrative area of Altdorf, the Würm is flowing westwards merging with the Nagold River and Enz River in Pforzheim.
Holzgerlingen, like many cities in southern Germany, and the Schönbuch region particularly, possess a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. Throughout the year, minimal temperatures range from between 3 °F and 39 °F (-16 °C to 4 °C) during the night in January and February, the coldest months of the year, to between 65 °F and 93 °F (18 °C to 34 °C) during July and August afternoons.
The wettest month of the year is November, when frequent storm systems blowing in off of both the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. During November, 5.00in (127 mm) of precipitation falls, mostly as rain. Snow does fall in the region, but because daytime temperatures even in Winter are frequently above 32 °F (0 °C), long-lasting snow cover is unusual. The driest month of the year is September, when only 2.95in (75 mm) of precipitation occurs. In a normal year, precipitation totals 49.68in (1262mm).
The history of the settlement goes back to neolithic times, and it is thought that the city was founded by Celts sometime in the period between 550 BC and 50 BC. Sometime around 100 AD, the Romans conquered the area around the city, although they were in turn overthrown by Alemannic tribes in the vicinity of 300 AD.
In Germany, because many cities are extremely old and dating is inexact, a city's official history is considered to begin at the first time it is mentioned in writing. Holzgerlingen was first mentioned in the year 1007 in a history written by the Bishop of Bamberg during the reign of Henry II of the Holy Roman Empire. The city was in the possession of the Palatinate of Tübingen from approximately 1100 until 1348, when the city was sold to the state of Württemberg.
The city was deeply affected by the German Peasants' War, a popular revolt which took place in 1525. The Protestant Reformation reached the city in 1534, and the city has remained Lutheran ever since. In 1735, during the War of the Polish Succession, Russian troops were quartered in the city as they marched on France. Just eight years later, in 1743, the city was used to quarter troops for Franz Freiherr von der Trenck during the War of the Austrian Succession.
In 1812 fifteen people from Holzgerlingen joined the troops of Napoleon for his war against Russia so their families would be guaranteed safety, but never returned. The first post office was constructed in 1865, and in 1907, the city was connected to the electric power grid. In 1945, during World War II, French troops burned down the city hall. It was rebuilt in 1950. The city obtained home-rule rights from the German government in 1993.
Number of inhabitantsEdit
Source: Census results and Statistical office Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart
- 1904-1938: Robert Mosthaf
- 1938-1945: Otto Müller
- 1945-1948: Guido Eipperlein
- 1948-1964: Otto Rommel
- 1964-1983: Siegfried Gölz
- 1983-1985: Walter Mack
- 1986–present: Wilfried Dölker
Holzgerlingen's partner cities include Neuenhof, Switzerland, Niesky, in the German federal state of Sachsen, Jílové u Prahy, Czech Republic, and Crystal Lake, Illinois. Crystal Lake South High School participates every other year in a student exchange program with the local high school in Holzgerlingen.
Economy and InfrastructureEdit
In December 1996, the Schönbuchbahn (Schönbuch train line), which runs between Böblingen and the town of Dettenhausen, was brought back to Holzgerlingen after a long period of unused railroad tracks. The train line has three stops in the city. The train is also part of the Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart and is connected to the Stuttgart S-Bahn line S1 at Böblingen. The largest highway in Holzgerlingen is Bundesstraße (Federal Highway) B464, which connects Böblingen and Reutlingen.
Holzgerlingen has a 700-seat civic and conference center, which also provides services such as an internet café and a nursing home.
Holzgerligen presides over its own modern school system, with elementary through high school provided all within the same city, including seven Kindergartens and a boarding school for the mentally and physically challenged. Also, the city library offers free internet access to residents.
In the city of Holzgerlingen, there is a stadium complex with both natural and artificial soccer and American football fields, four sport halls, and a spacious public swimming complex with multiple pools.
Holzgerlingen is the home of the Holzgerlingen Twister, an American football team. The Holzgerlingen Twister met with considerable success in 2008 and 2009, and, having moved up two divisions in two years, began playing in the German Football League in the 2010 season. The Twister tied for second place in the GFL 2 Süd in 2011.
Culture and sightseeingEdit
A museum of local history is located in Holzgerlingen.
- The Mauritius Church, which possesses a tower dating from the eleventh century, is currently a legally protected historical landmark.
- Burg Kalteneck ("Castle Kalteneck") is a moated castle first mentioned 1002. Today's castle is built on a foundation dating back in the 14th Century. It can be rented for private or public events.
The city possesses a youth center which hosts youth-oriented events, such as midnight sports.
Sons and daughters of the cityEdit
- Gottlob Binder (1885-1961), politician (SPD), President of the State Labor Office of Hesse, State Minister for Reconstruction
- Hans Ulrich Eberle (1927-1988), librarian, director of the City Library of Heilbronn
- Ina Großmann (born 1990), handball player
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
- Stadt Holzgerlingen, Zahlen und Fakten Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine, part of the official web presence, in German
- Statistisches Landesamt B-W.