Hochsauerlandkreis (meaning “High Sauerland District” in German) is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Soest, Paderborn, Höxter, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Olpe, Märkischer Kreis.

Hochsauerlandkreis
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionArnsberg
CapitalMeschede
Area
 • Total1,958.71 km2 (756.26 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total261,591
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationHSK
Websitehttp://www.hochsauerlandkreis.de

The district is named “High Sauerland” because two of the highest mountains of the Sauerland mountainous landscape, Langenberg and Kahler Asten are in its territory. With 2,766 ft / 843 m (Langenberg) and 2,762 ft / 842 m (Kahler Asten) these are also the highest mountains of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The district was established in 1975 in the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia by merging the previous districts Arnsberg, Brilon and Meschede.

GeographyEdit

Geographically the district covers a big part of the Sauerland mountains, including the highest and third highest elevation – the Langenberg near Olsberg with 2,766 ft / 843 m, and the better known Kahler Asten with 2,762 ft / 842 m near Winterberg. These are also the two highest mountains of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Coat of armsEdit

  The coat of arms was inherited from the former district Arnsberg. It shows the eagle as the symbol of the Earls of Arnsberg. When their county lost independence in 1368 it fell to the bishops of Cologne, thus the sign on the breast of the eagle shows the Cologne cross.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

 
Towns and municipalities in Hochsauerlandkreis
Towns Municipalities
  1. Arnsberg (73,897)
  2. Brilon (25,644)
  3. Hallenberg (4,435)
  4. Marsberg (20,110)
  5. Medebach (7,876)
  1. Meschede (30,358)
  2. Olsberg (21,577)
  3. Schmallenberg (25,149)
  4. Sundern (28,165)
  5. Winterberg (12,918)
  1. Bestwig (11,446)
  2. Eslohe (8,936)

Town twinningsEdit

Hochsauerland is twinned with the following cities:

Notable personsEdit

Notable placesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  2. ^ Herzlich willkommen Bergkloster Bestwig im Hochsauerlandkreis/Nordrhein-Westfalen Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Anfahrt mit der Bahn

External linksEdit