Hindutash

Hindutash, also known as Hindu-tagh Pass, is a historical mountain pass in the western Xinjiang, China. The pass cuts through the Kunlun Mountains connecting the now-deserted town of Kangxiwar in the Karakash River valley to the town of Pusha in the Yurungkash River valley (36°23′00″N 79°00′00″E / 36.3833°N 79°E / 36.3833; 79; formerly Bushia). It also connects to the road to the city of Hotan (formerly Khotan or Ilchi; see maps on right).[1]

Hindutash Pass
78.96268E 36.26053N nasa kanxiwar.jpg
NASA satellite image showing the towns of Kangxiwar and Pusa in southwestern Xinjiang, China and the Hindu-tagh Pass connecting them. The pass is marked in bright red.
Elevation5,450 m (17,881 ft)
Traversed byChina National Highway 580 (under construction)
LocationHotan County, Xinjiang, China
RangeKunlun Mountains
Coordinates36°16′23″N 78°46′50″E / 36.27306°N 78.78056°E / 36.27306; 78.78056Coordinates: 36°16′23″N 78°46′50″E / 36.27306°N 78.78056°E / 36.27306; 78.78056
Details of a map of Central Asia (1878) showing the Hindu-tagh Pass and Khotan in Xinjiang as well as the northern border regions of the British Indian Empire (which included the Kashmir region).[1] The international border is shown in the two-toned purple and pink band. The mountain passes are shown in bright red. Warning the lat/long information is not everywhere correct.
Hindutash
Traditional Chinese印地他什達坂
Simplified Chinese印地他什达坂

China National Highway 580 is under construction connecting Kangxiwar directly with Hotan.[2] It will tunnel under Hindutash, connect with the Xinjiang-Tibet Highway G219 to the south after numerous hairpin turns.[3] It is scheduled to be completed in 2022.[4]

"Hindu-tagh" means "Indian Mountain," and "Hindu-tash," "Indian stone" in the Uyghur dialect of Xinjiang.

History

In 1857, the explorer Robert Schlagintweit crossed this pass from camping grounds in Sumgal ("three fords"), on the banks of the Karakash river, approximately 7 miles (11 km) upstream from Kengshewar and estimated its height to be 17,879 ft (5,450 m). At the top of the pass (36°16′23″N 78°46′50″E / 36.27306°N 78.78056°E / 36.27306; 78.78056), there is a steep glacier with many crevasses. The eastern Kunlun range, which is in the southern region of the Hotan prefecture of Xinjiang, is cut by two other passes: the Sanju Pass, near the small staging post of Xaidulla, formerly Shahidulla, northwest of Hindu-tagh, and the Ilchi Pass, southeast of Hindu-tagh, just north-east of the village of Dahongliutan, itself just north of the now disputed Aksai Chin area (see second map on right). The former pass had been much used historically, and provided the traditional means of entry from the south into the ancient Kingdom of Khotan. The latter was traversed in 1865 by W. H. Johnson of the Survey of India.

Gallery

Maps

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b (Trotter 1878, p. U8)
  2. ^ Zeng, Tao-rui; Wang, Lin-feng (2019). "The Reliability and Stability Analysis of High Shear Slope in Cold Region Based on First Order Quadratic Matrix". Science Technology and Engineering. kns.ccpd.cnki.net (21). ISSN 1671-1815. Retrieved 7 January 2020. Taking the K86 + 780 ~ K86 + 840 soil high cut slope of the highway section from Hetian to Kangxiwa of G580 line as an example,the reliability calculation of soil high cut slope in the cold region was carried out
  3. ^ "新疆G580线和田至康西瓦公路PPP项目施工总承包指挥部" [Xinjiang G580 line Hotan to Kangxiwar road PPP project construction general contracting HQ] (in Chinese). gonglutielu.com. 2017-08-28. Retrieved 7 January 2020. 于印地他什达坂设隧道,出洞后沿等高线展线而下,最终与G219相接。
  4. ^ 中国交通新闻网 (2019-11-18). "580国道和康项目一标完成路面摊铺" [G580 Hotan-Kangxiwar Project first milestone completed, road surface paved]. Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 7 January 2020. 日前,580国道新疆和田至康西瓦公路项目一标主线沥青路面完成摊铺,为2022年全线通车奠定了坚实基础。

References