Himni i Flamurit
"Himni i Flamurit" (sometimes known as "Rreth flamurit tē pērbashkuar" and "Betimi mbi flamur") is the national anthem of Albania. Its music was adapted from an original composition by the Romanian composer Ciprian Porumbescu, for the song "Pe-al nostru steag e scris Unire" (or "E scris pe tricolor unire"). The words were written by the Albanian poet Asdreni (Aleksandër Stavre Drenova), and are close to the original Romanian lyrics which Andrei Bârseanu wrote for Porumbescu's piece.
|English: The Pledge on The Flag|
National anthem of Albania
|Adopted||28 November 1912|
"Hymni i Flamurit" (instrumental, one verse)
The hymn was first published as a poem in Liri e Shqipërisë (English: Freedom of Albania), an Albanian newspaper in Sofia, Bulgaria, on 21 April 1912. The original title of the poem was "Betimi mbi flamur" ("The Pledge on the Flag"). It was later printed in a volume of poems by Drenova titled Ëndra e lotë (in English: Dreams and tears), which was published in Bucharest. According to Lasgush Poradeci's memoirs, the anthem, created by the adaptation of the text to the music, was not originally intended to be a national anthem, but it was so well liked by the people that it was proclaimed as the national anthem in 1912, and it was with its music that the Albanian flag was raised during the Albanian Proclamation of Independence in 1912 in Vlore, Albania.
A Hungarian musicologist, György Ligeti, opined that the music composed by Porumbescu is rooted in Germanic and Austrian musical traditions, though this is not a definitive groundbreaking explanation of its influence and later creation. It is a view based on Porumbescu's musical education, since he had studied at the University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna. The view has been shared by Albanian musicologist, Ramadan Sokoli.
Lyrics and translationEdit
There are two versions that are often performed: a long one and a short one. Below is the text for the long version. The second stanza is considered as refrain and is repeated at the end. The short version makes use of the first two stanzas only and repeats the last two verses of the second stanza. Usually, in sportive events among national teams, the short version is the one officially used (the original poem has three more stanzas that are not part of the anthem – which are added at the end).
Rreth flamurit të përbashkuar
[rɛθ̟ fla.mu.ɾit tə pəɾ.baʃ.ku.aɾ]
Around our flag we stand united,
In other alphabetsEdit
Albanian has historically been written in a number of different alphabets.
|Bashkimi alphabet||Istanbul alphabet||Greek alphabet (Arvanitic)|
Rréth flamurit te perbashkuar
Ρεθ flamurit te perbaσkuar
Ρρεθ φλαμȣριτ τε̱ πε̱ρbασ̈κȣaρ
Proposed state anthem of RomaniaEdit
During the Socialist era in Romania, President Ceaușescu proposed the song "E scris pe tricolor unire" ("Unity Is Written On The Tricolor"), to be the state anthem of Romania. The lyrics proposed were highly communist, and therefore was rejected.
E scris pe tricolor unire
Unity is written on the tricolour
- Only when the first verse alone is performed.
- "Himni kombëtar". Web.archive.org. 2009-10-26. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
- Tole, Vasil. "Edhe një herë rreth himnit tonë kombëtar". Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- Imnurile de stat ale tarilor din Uniunea Europeana [State hymns of countries in the European Union] (in Romanian). Cristian Petru Bălan.