Hesse-Homburg

Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; it was to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668.

Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg

Landgrafschaft Hessen-Homburg
1622–1866
Flag of Hesse-Homburg
Flag
Coat of arms of Hesse-Homburg
Coat of arms
Map of Hesse-Homburg (red) and Middle Rhine
Map of Hesse-Homburg (red) and Middle Rhine
CapitalBad Homburg
Common languagesGerman
GovernmentPrincipality
Landgrave 
• 1622–1638
Frederick I
• 1848–1866
Ferdinand
History 
• Established
1622
• Ceded by Darmstadt
1668
• Ceded to Darmstadt
1806
1815
1866
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Wappen-HD (1736–1804).svg Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt
Grand Duchy of Hesse
Province of Hesse-Nassau

It was briefly divided into Hesse-Homburg and Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim; but these parts were reunited in 1681.

In 1806, Hesse-Homburg was incorporated with Hesse-Darmstadt; but in 1815, by the Congress of Vienna, the latter state was compelled to recognize the independence of Hesse-Homburg, which was increased by the addition of Meisenheim.

The landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg consisted of two parts, the district of Homburg on the right side of the Rhine, and the district of Meisenheim, added in 1815, on the left side of the same river. Hesse-Homburg joined the German Confederation as a sovereign state on July 7, 1817. The Landgraviate was the only principality that was not one of the founding members of the Confederation, apart from the Duchy of Limburg ruled by the King of the Netherlands (added in 1839) and the Duchy of Schleswig (1848-1851) ruled by the Danish king.

On 24 March 1866, Hesse-Homburg was inherited by the grand-duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, while Meisenheim fell to Prussia. On 20 September of that same year, these territories were taken from Hesse-Darmstadt again, and the former landgraviate was combined with the Electorate of Hesse-Kassel, duchy of Nassau, and the free city of Frankfurt to form the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau.

Today, it forms a part of the German state of Hesse.

Coat of arms of Hesse-Homburg (1846)

See alsoEdit