Henryk z Wierzbnej

Henry of Wierzbna also known as Henry of Wierzbnej or Heinrich von Würben was a Bishop of Wrocław in Poland from 1302-1319AD.[1]

Henryk z Wierzbna
Bishop of Wrocław
Henryk z Wierzbna seal 1318.PNG
ChurchRoman Catholic
DiocesePrince-Bisphoric of Wrocław
In office2016–present
PredecessorJohann III Romka
SuccessorSede vacante (then Nanker)
Orders
Ordination1302
Personal details
Died(1319-09-23)September 23, 1319
DenominationCatholic

He was born into the Wierzbnej noble family of Würben toward the end of the 1260s and was the third and youngest son of John, the Castellan of Ryczyna in Silesia.

He was made a Canon of Wrocław on 31 August 1290 and supported King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and his relative Jan Muskata, Bishop of Kraków in the dynastic struggles of the day.

He was made Bishop in 1302 by the pope and he was the first of the Bishops of Wroclaw to take the princely title.[2]

His time in office was notable for his organization of a Court of the Inquisition in 1315,[3] the result of which included burning at the stake more than 50 people convicted of heresy in the towns of Wroclaw, Swidnica and Nysa.[4] His inquisition was particularly against Beguines and Beghards.

He died 23 September 1319.[5] and was buried in the Wrocław Cathedral. Due to competing claims a replacement Bishop was not appointed for seven years following his death and the diocese was administered by his canon Nicholas of Banz.[6]

Further readingEdit

  • Colmar Grünhagen : Henry I (of Würben) In:. General German Biography (ADB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig, 1880, pp. 507–509.
  • Constantin von Wurzbach:Henry the Younger in:. Biographical Dictionary of the Austrian Empire tape 58.(In German) Verlag L. C. Zamarski, Wien 1889, S. 178. Publisher L. C. Zamarski, Vienna, 1889, p. 178
  • Kurt Engelbert: Heinrich I. v. Würben in the New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3, p 354 ( digitized )(IN German).
  • Jan Kopiec, in: Erwin Gatz (Ed.): The bishops of the Holy Roman Empire From 1198 to 1448. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-10303-3 page 110.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bishops of Wroclaw Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine at the Wrocław Diocese Webpage .
  2. ^ Dochniak, Agnieszka (23 July 2019). "Henryka z Wierzbnej historia prawdziwa [The True Story of Henry of Wierzbna]". Gość Świdnicki (Instytut Gość Media). Archived from the original on 25 July 2019.
  3. ^ M. Banaszak, History of the Catholic Church, Warsaw, 1991, vol. 2, p. 148.
  4. ^ P. Karst, Ad abolendam diversarum haeresium pravitatem. The Inquisition System in medieval Europe, BALLS, 2006, p. 416
  5. ^ Bishops of Wroclaw at GCatholic.org.
  6. ^ Herb Thomas, gentlemen of Wierzbnej. The study of genealogy, London, 2006.
Religious titles
Preceded by
Johann III Romka
Bishop of Wrocław
1292–1301
Succeeded by
Nankier Kołda