Henry I, Count Palatine of Lotharingia
Henry I (also Heinrich I) (d.1061), was Count Palatine of Lotharingia from 1045 until 1060. He was the son of Hezzelin I, Count in Zülpichgau, and a member of the Ezzonid dynasty. Historians have given several nicknames to Heinrich: Furiosus (the Violent/the Insane), because he murdered his wife, and Monachus (the Monk), because he was confined into an abbey to treat his insanity.
Shortly after 1058, Henry began to show signs of insanity, for which he was confined to the abbey of Gorze. He escaped however, and thinking that his wife Matilda had been unfaithful to him, he killed her (27 July 1060). Henry then was definitely enclosed into the abbey of Echternach, where he died in 1061. His office and counties were confiscated by Anno II, archbishop of Cologne, who became the guardian of their only son, the later count palatine Hermann II (1064-1085).
| Count Palatine of Lotharingia
- Jackman, Donald C. (2012). The Kleeberg Fragment of the Gleiberg County. Editions Enplage.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Boehmer, J. F. (1868) Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, vol. IV (Stuttgart)
- Jackman 2009, p. 19. sfn error: no target: CITEREFJackman2009 (help)
- Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, vol. I, 186, p. 117.
- Annales Weissemburgenses, a.1058, pp. 70f.; Lamberti Annales, a.1057, p. 159.
- Annales Weissemburgenses, a.1058, p. 71; Boehmer, Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, vol. IV, p. 312.
- Vita Annonis Archiep. Coloniensis, ch. 32, p. 480.