Help:Special page

Wikipedia data structure
Subject namespaces Talk namespaces
0 (Main/Article) Talk 1
2 User User talk 3
4 Wikipedia Wikipedia talk 5
6 File File talk 7
8 MediaWiki MediaWiki talk 9
10 Template Template talk 11
12 Help Help talk 13
14 Category Category talk 15
100 Portal Portal talk 101
118 Draft Draft talk 119
710 TimedText TimedText talk 711
828 Module Module talk 829
Currently unused
108 Book Book talk 109
446 Education Program Education Program talk 447
2300 Gadget Gadget talk 2301
2302 Gadget definition Gadget definition talk 2303
-1 Special
-2 Media

Special pages are pages generated by the software on demand for specialist purposes, usually related to project maintenance. They are found in the Special: namespace, a virtual namespace whose pages lack corresponding talk pages. They are not written in wikitext and can't be edited in the normal way; but elements of their pages can sometimes be edited through corresponding pages in the MediaWiki namespace. It is not possible to make a redirect to a special page (though they can be targets of soft redirects), or to create normal pages beginning with the Special: prefix.

Special pages often take parameters. Sometimes these can be supplied after a slash (as in Special:Log/block); in other cases an index.php call is used; for example https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:RecentChanges&days=3&limit=10 . Also the content of some special pages depends on preferences that have been set by the user, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

A directory of special pages can be accessed from Special:Specialpages, which is found in the sidebar of every page on Wikipedia in the Tools section.

Modifying special pages

Although special pages are not themselves editable, they generally contain standard text which is modifiable (although only by administrators). To find the right portion of text, append ?uselang=qqx to the special page URL. This will reveal message names in parentheses. Then, go to that name in the MediaWiki namespace. For example, Special:BookSources?uselang=qqx reveals "(booksources-summary)", so MediaWiki:booksources-summary is used on that page. To propose a modification, leave an {{edit protected}} request on the talk page of the relevant MediaWiki page. An administrator will make the change if it seems appropriate.

Available special pages

General information

Page listings

Tools

Latest changes

Users

Global users

Personal

Maintenance

Miscellaneous

Restricted special pages

The following pages can be accessed only by users with certain privileges.

Inactive

The following special pages are updated on a less regular schedule. Some of these pages may have analogues on cloud services.

Linking and transcluding

To create a link to a special page:

It can take a label:

  • [[Special:PrefixIndex/HMS|All HMSs]]All HMSs

To present the list on a page, transclude the name:

  • {{Special:PrefixIndex/HMS}}

However, some pages cannot be transcluded and would produce only a wikilink (e.g., {{Special:Random}}Special:Random). When non-existent pages are linked or transcluded, a red link is produced (e.g., Special:Example).

More information on transcludable special pages can be found at Wikipedia:Transclusion#Special pages.

Special pages in other languages

The term in the site language equivalent to English "Special" is used in each project, for example:

  • "Speciaal" in Dutch
  • "Spezial" in German
  • "Speciális" in Hungarian
  • "Đặc biệt" in Vietnamese
  • "מיוחד:" in Hebrew
  • "특수" in Korean
  • "خاص" in Urdu

These also appear in the URLs. The English word "Special" always works, even on foreign-language sites.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wikipedia talk:Wikipedia Signpost/Newsroom/Suggestions/Archive 18#Volunteer-initiated extension to be deployed to Wikimedia sites
  2. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/fewestrevisions.pp
  3. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#21
  4. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/mostrevisions.pp
  5. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/deadendpages.pp
  6. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#27
  7. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/mostlinked.pp
  8. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#33
  9. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#15
  10. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/wantedpages.pp
  11. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#45
  12. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/ancientpages.pp
  13. ^ https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#39

External links