Heiligengrabe

Heiligengrabe is a municipality in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

Heiligengrabe
Church in Grabow
Church in Grabow
Coat of arms of Heiligengrabe
Coat of arms
Location of Heiligengrabe within Ostprignitz-Ruppin district
Heiligengrabe in OPR.png
Heiligengrabe is located in Germany
Heiligengrabe
Heiligengrabe
Heiligengrabe is located in Brandenburg
Heiligengrabe
Heiligengrabe
Coordinates: 53°09′N 12°21′E / 53.150°N 12.350°E / 53.150; 12.350Coordinates: 53°09′N 12°21′E / 53.150°N 12.350°E / 53.150; 12.350
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOstprignitz-Ruppin
Subdivisions14 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorHolger Kippenhahn (Wählergruppe Heiligengraber Land)
Area
 • Total232.30 km2 (89.69 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total4,370
 • Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
16909
Dialling codes033962
Vehicle registrationOPR
Websitewww.heiligengrabe.de

GeographyEdit

The municipality counts 13 villages (Ortsteil): Blandikow, Blesendorf, Blumenthal, Grabow bei Blumenthal, Herzsprung, Jabel, Königsberg, Liebenthal, Maulbeerwalde, Papenbruch, Rosenwinkel, Wernikow and Zaatzke.

ArchitectureEdit

 
Herb garden, Convent building and Blood Chapel

AbbeyEdit

Heiligengrabe Abbey (literally in English: Holy Sepulchre; formerly also known as Techow) was founded here as a Cistercian nunnery in 1289 by Heinrich, Bishop of Havelberg and the Margrave Otto of Brandenburg, initially for 12 nuns. It held an important relic in the form of a Bleeding Host which, so it was said, had been violated in a host desecration by a Jew.

The nunnery acquired considerable wealth and estates in the area, partly through the revenue from pilgrims to the Bleeding Host, and partly through donations from the noble families round about, especially when one of their daughters entered the convent. Among the nuns of local great houses were members of the families Gans zu Putlitz, von Quitzow, von Rohr, von Winterfeld and von Blumenthal. Some of the abbesses were great characters. The Abbess Henriette von Winterfeldt had a quarrel with the Duke of Mecklenburg, who refused to pay a debt to the abbey. So she borrowed a large artillery piece and declared war on Mecklenburg, bombarding it across the nearby frontier. At the time of the Lutheran Reformation, Abbess Anna von Quitzow would have nothing to do with the new denomination, and refused to pay tax.

After the Reformation the prior function of the nunnery, to provide sustenance for unmarried women mostly from local noble families, wasn't to be given up with its secularisation. So the formerly Roman Catholic nunnery turned into a Lutheran women's convent (German: das Stift, more particular: Damenstift (in German), literally in English: Ladies' foundation), with its conventuals now called secular canonesses (Stiftsdamen). The canonesses of nobility were obliged to show sixteen quarterings in their arms before being permitted to enter.

Other infrastructuresEdit

In Heiligengrabe is the Blumenthal Observation Tower.

DemographyEdit


Heiligengrabe: Population development
within the current boundaries (2018)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 6,413—    
1890 6,295−0.12%
1910 6,135−0.13%
1925 6,314+0.19%
1933 6,291−0.05%
1939 6,029−0.71%
1946 9,890+7.33%
1950 9,659−0.59%
1964 7,201−2.08%
1971 6,783−0.85%
1981 5,817−1.52%
1985 5,624−0.84%
1989 5,585−0.17%
1990 5,534−0.91%
1991 5,414−2.17%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1992 5,310−1.92%
1993 5,279−0.58%
1994 5,346+1.27%
1995 5,245−1.89%
1996 5,251+0.11%
1997 5,306+1.05%
1998 5,348+0.79%
1999 5,349+0.02%
2000 5,335−0.26%
2001 5,295−0.75%
2002 5,283−0.23%
2003 5,227−1.06%
2004 5,190−0.71%
2005 5,087−1.98%
2006 5,046−0.81%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 4,968−1.55%
2008 4,862−2.13%
2009 4,756−2.18%
2010 4,693−1.32%
2011 4,603−1.92%
2012 4,510−2.02%
2013 4,505−0.11%
2014 4,480−0.55%
2015 4,441−0.87%
2016 4,426−0.34%
2017 4,385−0.93%
2018 4,399+0.32%
2019 4,370−0.66%

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2019". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Heiligengrabe at Wikimedia Commons