Hazlov (German: Haslau) is a municipality and village in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,600 inhabitants.

Hazlov
Ruins of the Hazlov Castle
Ruins of the Hazlov Castle
Flag of Hazlov
Flag
Coat of arms of Hazlov
Coat of arms
Hazlov is located in Czech Republic
Hazlov
Hazlov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°9′23″N 12°16′21″E / 50.15639°N 12.27250°E / 50.15639; 12.27250Coordinates: 50°9′23″N 12°16′21″E / 50.15639°N 12.27250°E / 50.15639; 12.27250
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictCheb
First mentioned1224
Government
 • MayorLenka Dvořáková
Area
 • Total27.88 km2 (10.76 sq mi)
Elevation
550 m (1,800 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total1,566
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
351 32
Websitewww.obechazlov.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Lipná, Polná, Skalka, Vlastislav and Výhledy are administrative parts of Hazlov.

GeographyEdit

Hazlov lies 12 km northwest of Cheb and 10 km southeast of . The Czech-German border is on the northeast and on the west. It lies about 550 meters above sea level, the highest point is 742 m above sea level. The Hazlovský Stream flows through the municipality.

HistoryEdit

Hazlov was first mentioned in 1224 as a property of the noble house of Hazlov (Haslau).[2] Bedřich of Hazlov probably built the castle in the village. Nicholas Jur of Cheb bought Hazlov in 1401. Other owners of the village were: the Landwüst family from 1450, the Kocov family from 1579, the Dětřichov family, the Nostitz family and the Moser family. The last owners from the nobility were the Hemfeld family (until 1945).

Until the end of the 18th century, Hazlov was mostly an agricultural village. From the 19th century, the textile industry developed in the whole Aš region, including Hazlov. The first textile factory was opened in 1822.[2]

Population developmentEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18694,571—    
18804,704+2.9%
18904,544−3.4%
19004,471−1.6%
19104,861+8.7%
19214,047−16.7%
19304,751+17.4%
19501,509−68.2%
YearPop.±%
19611,583+4.9%
19701,456−8.0%
19801,389−4.6%
19911,365−1.7%
20011,595+16.8%
20111,573−1.4%
20201,566−0.4%

Source:[3]

SightsEdit

  • Hazlov Castle ruins
  • Church of the Feast of the Cross (catholic)
  • Church of Saint George (from 1686)
  • Evangelical church (from 1907)

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Historie obce" (in Czech). Obec Hazlov. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky – 1869–2011: Okres Cheb" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 21 December 2015.