Hari Parbat

Hari Parbat is a hill overlooking Srinagar, the largest city and summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is the site of a fort, built in the Durrani era, and of a Hindu temple, mosques, and gurdwara.

Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat and the Durrani Fort.
Highest point
CoordinatesCoordinates: 34°6′19″N 74°48′58″E / 34.10528°N 74.81611°E / 34.10528; 74.81611
Hari Parbat is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat
Location of Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat is located in India
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat (India)
LocationSrinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Parent rangeKarakorum

Durrani FortEdit

The first fortifications on the site were constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1590 who built an outer wall for the fort as part of his plans for a new capital called Nager Nagor. The project, however, was never completed. The present fort was built in 1808 under the reign of Shuja Shah Durrani.[citation needed]

Sharika templeEdit

Another name for the hill is Pradyumna Peeth.[1] It is considered sacred by the Kashmiri Pandits and hosts a temple of Shakti, who is worshipped there under the name Jagadamba Sharika Bhagawati (or simply Sharika) and depicted as having 18 arms and sitting in Shri Chakra.[citation needed]

Muslim shrinesEdit

The southern side of Hari Parbat features Makhdoom Sahib, the shrine of Hamza Makhdoom, a 16th-century Kashmiri Sufi saint locally known as Hazrat Sultan and Sultan-ul-Arifeen.[2][3]

Another shrine on the hill's southern slope is dedicated to Shah Badakhshi, a 17th-century Sufi saint.[citation needed]

Gurdwara Chatti PatshahiEdit

Gurdwara Chatti Patshahi at Kathi Darwaja, Rainwari, Srinagar is a Sikh gurdwara. It is believed that Guru Har Gobind, the sixth Sikh guru, travelled through Kashmir, stayed there for few days.[4][5]

Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev Hari ParbatEdit

Guru Nanak visited this place in early sixteenth century. The place where he sat and had discourse with people was earmarked with a pedestal by Moh. ATA Khan general of Akbar who built Fort here as per orders of Akbar. Small Gurdwara at the place was further built by Guru Hargobind when he visited here is still existing with Nishan Sahib (Sikh flag) and managed by local people.[6]



  1. ^ Origin Archived 9 May 2012 at WebCite
  2. ^ Hamza Makhdum
  3. ^ Makhdoom Sahib Shrine
  4. ^ "Gurudwara Patshahi Chevin, Village Rainawari". AllAboutSikhs.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  5. ^ "SRĪNAGAR (34º-5'N,74º-50'E)". eos.learnpunjabi.org. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Hari Parbat, Sri Nagar". www.sikhphilosophy.net. Sikh Philosophy Network. Retrieved 14 September 2019.

External linksEdit