Hansson II Cabinet

The second cabinet of Per Albin Hansson (Swedish: Regeringen Hansson II) was the cabinet of Sweden from 1936 to 1939. It was a coalition cabinet consisting of the two parties: Social Democrats and the Farmers' League.[1]

Per Albin Hansson's second cabinet
Flag of Sweden.svg
34th Cabinet of Sweden
Regeringen Hansson II.jpg
Date formed28 September 1936
Date dissolved13 December 1939
People and organisations
Head of stateGustaf V
Head of governmentPer Albin Hansson
Member partySocial Democrats
Farmers' League
Status in legislatureCoalition majority government
Opposition partyGeneral Electoral League
Liberal People's Party
Socialist Party
Communist Party
History
Election(s)1936 election
PredecessorPehrsson-Bramstorp's cabinet
SuccessorHansson's third cabinet

HistoryEdit

Before the electionEdit

Since 1933, the Social Democrats had organized cooperation with the Farmers' League, when a historic compromise was reached between the parties regarding political collaboration, which was an important part of the Swedish model.[2] This cooperation ceased temporarily in the summer of 1936, when Per Albin Hansson resigned his first cabinet.[1] The reason for the resignation was that it did not get the support in parliament for its defense policy, even though it was only three months left to the autumn general election.

The task of forming a new government went to the Farmers' League's leader Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp. This so-called vacation government launched any reforms or implemented some changes in the law since the parliament was not collected.[1] The fall elections were a major success for the Social Democrats, which gave rise to the Prime Minister to submit the government's resignation.

After the electionEdit

The task of forming a new government went back to Per Albin Hansson as to the general astonishment government began negotiations with the Farmers' League, possibly because the Social Democrats did not want to depend on any of the left parties in parliamentary polls. The Farmers' League received three ministerial posts: Pehrsson-Bramstorp as Minister for Agriculture, Karl Gustaf Westman as Minister for Justice, and Janne Nilsson as Minister for Defence. Together, the two parties in the coalition a majority in both chambers, to sklinnad from previous minority governments.[1]

In the period leading to World War II, the Government implemented a number of social reforms, including expensive district grouping of basic pensions and the introduction of two weeks paid vacation for all workers.

When the Finnish Winter War broke out, the government resigned and instead formed a coalition government, consisted by the Social Democrats, the Farmers' League, the Liberal People's Party, and the National Organization of the Right.

MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister,
Head of the Prime Minister's Office
 Per Albin Hansson28 September 193613 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance,
Head of the Ministry of Finance
 Ernst Wigforss28 September 193613 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Head of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
 Rickard Sandler28 September 193613 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice,
Head of the Ministry of Justice
 Karl Gustaf Westman28 September 193613 December 1939Farmers' League
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence,
Head of the Ministry of Defence
 Janne Nilsson28 September 19369 December 1938Farmers' League
 Per Edvin Sköld16 December 193813 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs,
Head of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
 Gustav Möller28 September 193616 December 1938Social Democratic
 Albert Forslund16 December 193813 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry for Communications
Minister for Communications,
Head of the Ministry of Communications
 Albert Forslund28 September 193616 December 1938Social Democratic
 Gerhard Strindlund16 December 193813 December 1939Farmers' League
Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs
Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs,
Head of the Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs
 Arthur Engberg28 September 193613 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry of Agriculture
Minister for Agriculture,
Head of the Ministry of Agriculture
 Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp28 September 193613 December 1939Farmers' League
Ministry of Enterprise
Minister of Enterprise,
Head of the Ministry of Enterprise
 Per Edvin Sköld28 September 193616 December 1938Social Democratic
 Gustav Möller16 December 193813 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministry of Management of the Economy
Minister for Management of the Economy,
Head of the Ministry of Management of the Economy
 Herman Eriksson15 October 193913 December 1939Social Democratic
Ministers without portfolio
Law consult Nils Quensel28 September 193613 December 1939Independent
Law consult Karl Levinson15 October 193931 August 1938Social Democratic
 Herman Eriksson31 August 193814 October 1939Social Democratic
 Gunnar Hägglöf14 October 193913 December 1939Independent

ReferencesEdit

Bibliography
  • Hedenborg, Susanna; Kvarnström, Lars (2006). Det svenska samhället 1720–2000 (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Studentlitteratur. ISBN 91-44-01170-9.
Preceded by
Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Cabinet of Sweden
October 15, 1936–December 13, 1939
Succeeded by
Hansson III