Hans-Joachim Koellreutter

Hans-Joachim Koellreutter (2 September 1915 – 13 September 2005) was a Brazilian composer, teacher and musicologist.

Hans-Joachim Koellreutter. National Archives of Brazil.

Koellreutter was born in Freiburg, Germany and lived in Brazil from 1937 onward, where he became one of the country's most influential musicians.[1]

In Brazil Koellreuter taught many prominent composers, including Gilberto Mendes, Cláudio Santoro, Antônio Carlos Jobim, Denis Mandarino, Jayme Amatnecks, among others.[2]

He brought the theory of atonal music to Brazil, creating the group "Musica Viva" and inflating the debate between the "Nationalists" and "Serialists".[3]

While the former group believed in the use of folklore material for the development of their compositions, the latter believed that the more rational approach of the European school was the path to truly contemporary works. This debate played a central role in the esthetic developments of Brazilian classical music throughout the 20th Century.[4][5]


Koellreutter died in São Paulo, Brazil, 11 days after his 90th birthday.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Advanced Studies (Scielo)". Irene Tourinho (in Portuguese). Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Academia Brasileira de Letras" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Encyclopedia Músicos do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  4. ^ A Musica Classica Brasileira Hoje, Editora Folha de Sao Paulo, 2007.
  5. ^ "Koellreutter ressuscita, um dias após a morte, no Festival Cultura". Folha Online (in Portuguese). Retrieved 5 June 2012.

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