Hamilton Heights, Manhattan
Hamilton Heights is a neighborhood in the northern part of Manhattan, which is a borough of New York City. It lies between Manhattanville to the south and Washington Heights to the north. It contains the sub-neighborhood of Sugar Hill.
Mt Calvary Methodist Church
Location in New York City
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Manhattan 9|
|• Total||1.08 km2 (0.416 sq mi)|
|• Density||44,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$43,673|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
10031, 10032, 10039
|Area code||212, 332, 646, and 917|
Hamilton Heights is bounded by 135th Street to the south, Riverside Drive to the west, 155th Street to the north, and Edgecombe Avenue to the east. The community derives its name from Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, who lived the last two years of his life in the area when it was still largely farmland; specifically, he lived in what is now known as Hamilton Grange National Memorial.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Hamilton Heights was 48,520, a decrease of 2,035 (4.0%) from the 50,555 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 367.41 acres (148.69 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 132.1 inhabitants per acre (84,500/sq mi; 32,600/km2). The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 10.9% (5,287) White, 32.2% (15,646) African American, 0.2% (119) Native American, 2.2% (1,067) Asian, 0.0% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (178) from other races, and 1.8% (884) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.2% (25,324) of the population.
The entirety of Community District 9, which comprises Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, had 111,287 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 81.4 years.:2, 20 This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are children and middle-aged adults: 34% are between the ages of 25–44, while 21% are between 45–64, and 17% are between 0–17. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 16% and 12% respectively.:2
As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 9 was $50,048, though the median income in Hamilton Heights individually was $43,673. In 2018, an estimated 24% of Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights residents lived in poverty, compared to 14% in all of Manhattan and 20% in all of New York City. One in twelve residents (8%) were unemployed, compared to 7% in Manhattan and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 51% in Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 45% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights are considered to be gentrifying.:7
Housing and diversityEdit
Most of the housing dates from the extension of the elevated and subway lines at the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th Century. This fairly elegant housing became less desirable to white residents in the 1930s and 1940s as the population changed from white to black, even though the black residents were just as affluent as the white residents. There are spacious apartment buildings, brownstones and other row houses prominently lining the leafy eastern streets of Hamilton Heights, an area traditionally home to a substantial black professional class. The brownstone revival of the 1960s and 1970s led to a new movement of middle-class blacks in the area. Latinos arrived in large numbers in the 1980s, with Dominicans making up the majority. Today the local population is changing again, with Hispanics constituting a majority of the population followed by African Americans, West Indians and Whites. Gentrification since 2005 has dramatically increased the proportion of non-Hispanic whites. Many actors, artists, teachers, and other professionals now reside in Hamilton Heights.
After the Russian Revolution, especially after the 1940s, many Ukrainians, Russian White émigré, and Polish found their way to New York City. Hamilton Heights had a very heavy population of Eastern European heritages, with a predominantly large amount of Russians living in this immediate area. There were a couple of Russian Orthodox Churches erected, Russian Book stores, bakeries, grocery and delicatessen stores including theatres all along Broadway. The house on the corner of Broadway and west 141st street was known as the "Russian House" (Русский Дом) and a Russian library was on the other corner. During the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s, a lot of these Russians began to move out to suburban areas of New York and New Jersey. The only remaining landmark of this era is the Holy Fathers Russian Orthodox Church Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, located on 524 W. 153rd Street, with some notable Russian Americans buried at the bordering Trinity Cemetery, New York City.
Historic Hamilton Heights comprises the Hamilton Heights Historic District and the Hamilton Heights/Sugar Hill Historic District Extension, both designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. One of the highest hills in Hamilton Heights slopes up from the Hudson River at 155th Street, and contains the Trinity Cemetery. Many individual buildings in the district are also landmarked, including Shepard Hall on the CCNY campus, and the building that once housed The High School of Music & Art.
Police and crimeEdit
Hamilton Heights is patrolled by the 30th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 451 West 151st Street. The 30th Precinct ranked 33rd safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. With a non-fatal assault rate of 57 per 100,000 people, Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights's rate of violent crimes per capita is about the same as that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 633 per 100,000 people is higher than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 30th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 77.1% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 3 murders, 19 rapes, 159 robberies, 380 felony assaults, 85 burglaries, 321 grand larcenies, and 27 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
Preterm and teenage births in Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights are lower than the city average. In Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, there were 82 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 10.9 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights have a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 11%, slightly less than the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights is 0.008 milligrams per cubic metre (8.0×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average.:9 Seventeen percent of Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights residents are smokers, which is more than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, 21% of residents are obese, 10% are diabetic, and 29% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16 In addition, 25% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Eighty-eight percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is about the same as the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 83% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," more than the city's average of 78%.:13 For every supermarket in Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, there are 11 bodegas.:10
Post offices and ZIP codesEdit
Hamilton Heights is located in multiple ZIP Codes. Most of the neighborhood is in 10031, but the area north of 153rd Street is in 10032, while the Polo Grounds Towers are in 10039. The United States Postal Service operates two post offices near Hamilton Heights:
Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights generally have a higher rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. A plurality of residents age 25 and older (49%) have a college education or higher, while 21% have less than a high school education and 30% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 64% of Manhattan residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6 The percentage of Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights students excelling in math rose from 25% in 2000 to 49% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 32% to 35% during the same time period.
Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is higher than the rest of New York City. In Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights, 27% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, more than the citywide average of 20%.:24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 65% of high school students in Hamilton Heights and Morningside Heights graduate on time, less than the citywide average of 75%.:6
The New York City Department of Education operates the following public elementary and middle schools in Hamilton Heights as part of Community School District 5, serving grades PK-5 unless otherwise indicated:
- New Design Middle School (grades 6-8)
- Hamilton Heights School (grades K-5)
- PS 153 Adam Clayton Powell
- PS 192 Jacob H Schiff
- PS/IS 210 21st Century Academy For Community Leaders (grades PK-8)
The following public high schools are also located in Hamilton Heights, serving grades 9-12:
- A. Philip Randolph Campus High School
- High School for Math, Science and Engineering at City College – a specialized high school
The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates the Hamilton Grange branch at 503 West 145th Street. It is named after U.S. "founding father" Alexander Hamilton, who lived at Hamilton Grange. The branch, a Carnegie library opened in 1907 and was renovated in 1975; it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The New York City Subway's IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line stops in Hamilton Heights at the 137th Street–City College and 145th Street stations (1 train). The IND Eighth Avenue Line runs under St. Nicholas Avenue, providing service at 135th Street (A, B, and C trains), 145th Street (A, B, C, and D trains) and 155th Street (A and C trains). The IND Concourse Line branches off north of the 145th Street station, and runs under Saint Nicholas Place to serve 155th Street (B and D trains).
- Count Basie – musician
- Harry Belafonte - singer
- Diahann Carroll - singer, actress
- Duke Ellington – musician
- Ralph Ellison – author
- A$AP Ferg – rapper
- George Gershwin – composer
- Alexander Hamilton – former Secretary of the Treasury
- Oscar Hammerstein I – composer
- Lena Horne – singer
- Yoselyn Ortega – Dominican-born American nanny accused of stabbing to death children Lucia and Leo Krim in 2012.
- Norman Rockwell – artist
- Juelz Santana – musician
- Nicholas Teliatnikow – photojournalist, photographer
- Álvaro Enrigue – writer
- Malcolm X – civil rights activist
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- "Hamilton Heights neighborhood in New York". Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: New-York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 519-520.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- "Morningside Heights and Hamilton Heights (Including Hamilton Heights, Manhattanville, Morningside Heights and West Harlem)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "NYC-Manhattan Community District 9--Hamilton Heights, Manhattanville & West Harlem PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- NYT on Hamilton Heights
- "The Parish of the Holy Fathers Church" Archived 2011-12-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Delson, Susan (23 October 2015). "Retracing Audubon's Steps, Painting His Birds Anew". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "NYPD – 30th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- "West Harlem, Hamilton Heights and Sugar Hill – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "30th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Engine Company 80/Ladder Company 24". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Manhattan Hospital Listings". New York Hospitals. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
- "Best Hospitals in New York, N.Y." US News & World Report. July 26, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
- "Hamilton Heights, New York City-Manhattan, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "Location Details: Hamilton Grange". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Location Details: Fort Washington". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Morningside Heights/Hamilton – MN 06" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "Hamilton Heights New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- "New Design Middle School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "Hamilton Heights School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "P.S. 153 Adam Clayton Powell". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "P.S. 192 Jacob H. Schiff". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "P.S./I.S. 210 - Twenty-first Century Academy for Community Leadership". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "A. Philip Randolph Campus High School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "High School for Mathematics, Science and Engineering at City College". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "About the Hamilton Grange Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.