Hainichen is a market town in the German Free State of Saxony. It is located on the river small Striegis and about 15 miles (24 kilometres) north-east of Chemnitz. Hainichen has been shaped by its industrial past.

Hainichen
Coat of arms of Hainichen
Coat of arms
Location of Hainichen within Mittelsachsen district
Hainichen in FG.png
Hainichen is located in Germany
Hainichen
Hainichen
Hainichen is located in Saxony
Hainichen
Hainichen
Coordinates: 50°58′11″N 13°7′31″E / 50.96972°N 13.12528°E / 50.96972; 13.12528Coordinates: 50°58′11″N 13°7′31″E / 50.96972°N 13.12528°E / 50.96972; 13.12528
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictMittelsachsen
Government
 • MayorDieter Greysinger (SPD)
Area
 • Total51.57 km2 (19.91 sq mi)
Elevation
304 m (997 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total8,588
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
09661
Dialling codes037207
Vehicle registrationFG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Websitewww.hainichen.de

HistoryEdit

From the foundation until industrial revolutionEdit

A first settlement had been mentioned in 1276 as villa forensis Heynichen.

Hainichen used to be a place of considerable industry. Its primary manufacture was once that of flannels, baize, and similar fabrics; at the time it may have been called the centre of this industry in Germany.[2]

The Gellert institution for the poor was established in 1815.[2]

In 1933, a production plant for small delivery vans and minibuses called Framo moved from nearby Frankenberg to Hainichen. Since then, the automotive industry has been the most import employer.

Nazi eraEdit

An early concentration camp, Hainichen concentration camp, was established in April 1933 and dissolute in June 1933. During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located here, housing female prisoners working for the Framo enterprise.[3]

GDREdit

The former plant of the Framo company was nationalized. The 1960s saw a reingeneering of delivery vans and minibuses under the Barkas B1000 brand. Hainichen became a major producer of parts for these cars.

After reunificationEdit

Production of the B1000 delivery vans and minibuses ceased in 1991.

Population statistics[4]Edit

Typical for a market town in the east of Germany, Hainichen faces the demographic problem of a steadily declining population.

Year Population
1834 4,623
1933 8,047
1960 11,188
1998 10,405
1999 10,266


Year Population
2000 10,061
2001 9,888
2002 9,744
2003 9,628
2004 9,554


Year Population
2005 9,502
2008 9,131
2010 8,876
2012 8,714


 
Hainichen Market place

Leisure and tourismEdit

Sites and buildings of interestEdit

Hainichen is home of a camera obscura.

Other important sights are the Gellert museum (literature museum), Tuchmacherhaus (clothier museum)and a communal park. Hainichen is surrounded by the beautiful valleys of the river Striegis.

SportsEdit

Hainichen has a communal sports centre with a small indoor pool, a communal outdoor swimming pool and a bowling centre. Also, there is a cycling track nearby.

IndustryEdit

Hainichen is characterised by small and medium-sized businesses. The largest employer is the car parts maker Metalsa Automotive Hainichen GmbH (formerly ISE Industries Hainichen GmbH) (429 employees in 2005).

DistrictsEdit

Areas of the city include

  • Bockendorf,
  • Cunnersdorf,
  • Eulendorf,
  • Gersdorf,
  • Falkenau,
  • Riechberg,
  • Siegfried,
  • Schlegel and
  • Berthelsdorf.

International relationsEdit

Famous citizensEdit

 
Christian Fürchtegott Gellert in 1752
 
Friedrich Gottlob Keller

More sons and daughters of the townEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hainichen" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 822.
  3. ^ Christine O'Keefe. Concentration Camps
  4. ^ Source from 1998 onwards: Statistical office of Saxony Numbers from 1960 onwards per 31 December.
  5. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-28. Retrieved 2009-10-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); External link in |publisher= (help)

External linksEdit