Hainichen is a market town in the German Free State of Saxony. It is located on the river small Striegis and about 15 miles (24 kilometres) north-east of Chemnitz. Hainichen has been shaped by its industrial past.
|• Mayor||Dieter Greysinger (SPD)|
|• Total||51.57 km2 (19.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||304 m (997 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL|
From the foundation until industrial revolutionEdit
A first settlement had been mentioned in 1276 as villa forensis Heynichen.
Hainichen used to be a place of considerable industry. Its primary manufacture was once that of flannels, baize, and similar fabrics; at the time it may have been called the centre of this industry in Germany.
The Gellert institution for the poor was established in 1815.
An early concentration camp, Hainichen concentration camp, was established in April 1933 and dissolute in June 1933. During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located here, housing female prisoners working for the Framo enterprise.
The former plant of the Framo company was nationalized. The 1960s saw a reingeneering of delivery vans and minibuses under the Barkas B1000 brand. Hainichen became a major producer of parts for these cars.
Production of the B1000 delivery vans and minibuses ceased in 1991.
Typical for a market town in the east of Germany, Hainichen faces the demographic problem of a steadily declining population.
Leisure and tourismEdit
Sites and buildings of interestEdit
Hainichen is home of a camera obscura.
Other important sights are the Gellert museum (literature museum), Tuchmacherhaus (clothier museum) and a communal park. Hainichen is surrounded by the beautiful valleys of the river Striegis.
Hainichen has a communal sports centre with a small indoor pool, a communal outdoor swimming pool and a bowling centre. Also, there is a cycling track nearby.
Hainichen is characterised by small and medium-sized businesses. The largest employer is the car parts maker Metalsa Automotive Hainichen GmbH (formerly ISE Industries Hainichen GmbH) (429 employees in 2005).
Areas of the city include
- Schlegel and
Hainichen is twinned with:
- Hainichen is the birthplace of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, (1715-1769), to whose memory a bronze statue was erected in the marketplace in 1865. He was an important poet of the Enlightenment.
- Friedrich Gottlob Keller, (1816-1895), the inventor of the groundwood pulp technique, was born in Hainichen.
More sons and daughters of the townEdit
- "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2020.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 822. .
- Christine O'Keefe. Concentration Camps
- Source from 1998 onwards: Statistical office of Saxony Numbers from 1960 onwards per 31 December.
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-28. Retrieved 2009-10-28. External link in