Hīt, also spelled Heet (Arabic: هيت‎), ancient name Is, is an Iraqi city in Al-Anbar province. Hīt lies northwest of Ramadi, the provincial capital.

Hīt

هيت
City
Hit in 2004
Hit in 2004
Hīt is located in Iraq
Hīt
Hīt
Coordinates: 33°38′42″N 42°49′35″E / 33.64500°N 42.82639°E / 33.64500; 42.82639Coordinates: 33°38′42″N 42°49′35″E / 33.64500°N 42.82639°E / 33.64500; 42.82639
Country Iraq
ProvinceAl-Anbar
DistrictHīt District
Population
(2013)
 • Total95,800
Time zoneUTC+3 (GMT+3)
Postal code
31007
Ancient nameIs

On the Euphrates River, Hīt is a small walled town built on two mounds on the site of the ancient city of Is. In ancient times, the town was known for its bitumen wells, which were used as far back as 3,000 years ago, to include building of Babylon and for caulking boats. Hīt also became a frontier fortress for Assyria. Now, Hīt is a marketplace for agricultural produce and oil pipelines to the Mediterranean Sea cross the Euphrates there. It was regarded as the head of navigation on the river before the decline in river traffic.[1]

In October 2014, the city had fallen to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, but was recaptured after a military offensive by the Iraqi Army in April 2016.[2][3]

ClimateEdit

Hīt has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Most rain falls in the winter. The average annual temperature in Hīt is 21.9 °C (71.4 °F). About 115 mm (4.53 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Hīt
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
17.7
(63.9)
22.4
(72.3)
28.2
(82.8)
35.2
(95.4)
40.3
(104.5)
42.8
(109.0)
42.7
(108.9)
39.2
(102.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.5
(74.3)
16.2
(61.2)
29.6
(85.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
13.9
(57.0)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73.0)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
21.0
(69.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.1
(48.4)
4.5
(40.1)
14.4
(57.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
20
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
14
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
115
(4.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hīt". The New Encyclopædia Britannica. V. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1980. p. 66.
  2. ^ http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/12/13/isil-al-wafa-attack.html
  3. ^ agencies, The New Arab &. "Iraqi forces recapture key town from IS militants". alaraby. Retrieved 2016-04-14.