Hückeswagen is a town in the north of Oberbergischen Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the governmental district of Cologne.

Hückeswagen
City administration office in the Hückeswagen Palace
City administration office in the Hückeswagen Palace
Coat of arms of Hückeswagen
Coat of arms
Location of Hückeswagen within Oberbergischer Kreis district
Rhein-Sieg-KreisOberbergischer KreisRheinisch-Bergischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRemscheidWuppertalEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisMärkischer KreisOlpe (district)Siegen-WittgensteinRhineland-PalatinateWaldbrölMorsbachNümbrechtWiehlReichshofGummersbachMarienheideBergneustadtEngelskirchenLindlarHückeswagenWipperfürthRadevormwaldHückeswagen in GM.svg
About this image
Hückeswagen is located in Germany
Hückeswagen
Hückeswagen
Hückeswagen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Hückeswagen
Hückeswagen
Coordinates: 51°8′42″N 7°20′30″E / 51.14500°N 7.34167°E / 51.14500; 7.34167Coordinates: 51°8′42″N 7°20′30″E / 51.14500°N 7.34167°E / 51.14500; 7.34167
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictOberbergischer Kreis
Government
 • MayorDietmar Persian (Ind.)
Area
 • Total50.46 km2 (19.48 sq mi)
Elevation
308 m (1,010 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total15,060
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
42499
Dialling codes02192
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitewww.hueckeswagen.de

GeographyEdit

Hückeswagen is situated on the river Wupper. Two dams, Bevertal dam and Wuppertal dam, are near the city. Hückeswagen's location in the narrow valley and well as the castle mountain are notable. It is located approximately 40 km away from Cologne. Nearby towns are Radevormwald, Wipperfürth, Wermelskirchen and Remscheid.

The coat of arms of HückeswagenEdit

The arms were granted on August 9, 1892. The arms show in the upper part the lion from the arms of the Counts of Berg, who bought the area in 1260 from the Counts of Hückeswagen. The lower part is a symbol for the textile industry, which has been important to the town since the late Middle Ages. The combination of lion and spindle appears first in a seal from 1555.

HistoryEdit

Hückeswagen was an ancestral seat of the counts of Hückeswagen and in 1085 became for the first time a Franconian Salhof, or saddle court, in form of a "confirmation of a donation of the genotypes of the Essen abbess Svanhild among other things by emperors Heinrich IV. (HRR)" mentions documentary. (Documentary first namings oberbergische places v. Klaus Pampus).

Between 1220 and 1240 the counts of Hückeswagen moved to Bohemia and built the "Hukvaldy" and "Altischein" castles.

Between 1490 and 1508 the "Nikolaus church" was built. Later the "Paulus church" was established after a fire.

Town privileges were given to Hückeswagen on 4 April 1859 according to Rhenish town order. From 1861 to 1920 Hückeswagen consisted of the municipality and Neuhückeswagen, a juridically rural community. On 1 March 1920 the juridically independent municipalities were combined. On 18 October 1875 the still young city was connected to the railroad network. During the period of industrialisation Hückeswagen had a significant textile industry. Cloth available in Hückeswagen today testifies to the great prosperity of the industrial families. The importance of the town as the center of the local area has been reduced in last few decades as the neighbouring town Wipperfürth received some municipal and public facilities to establish itself as an important center. Because of municipal reform, in 1975 the town lost the share of Bergisch Born in Remscheid.

On July 12, 1969 Joachim Kroll murdered Maria Hettgen, 61, near here.

PopulationEdit

On 31 August 2004 Hückeswagen had 16,541 inhabitants; 1,209 residents are of foreign origin. The number of females (8,561) exceeds the male inhabitants (7,983).

Origin of the nameEdit

 
Market street in Hückeswagen

The name derives from the earlier form "Hukensuuage" or "Huckengeswage", signifying the settlement of a man named Hugobert or Hugibald. Local history researcher Wilhelm Blankertz presents a different theory in his publications, that the oldest local name was "Hukengesuuage", meaning "settlement of the Hunginger family near the water". The settlement was mentioned for the first time in 1085 in a deed issued by the abbess Svanhild of Essen to a nobleman. Around 1298 the form "Huckenshove" came into use.

Places of interestEdit

 
Swan pond at castle Hueckeswagen
  • The historic city center
  • Castle Hückeswagen and the local history museum
  • Catholic parish church - Saint Mariä Himmelfahrt
  • Paulus church - Protestant
  • Johannis church - Protestant
  • Swan pond in the town park
  • The Bever dam and the Wuppertal dam offer recreational opportunities with their vast traveling and water sport possibilities.
  • Hückeswagner mills

Local areaEdit

  • Altenhof
  • Altenholte
  • Aue
  • Berbeck
  • Bergerhof
  • Bochen
  • Bockhacken
  • Böckel
  • Braßhagen
  • Buchholz
  • Busche
  • Busenbach
  • Busenberg
  • Dierl
  • Dörpe
  • Dörpersteeg
  • Dörpfeld
  • Dörpfelderhöhe
  • Dreibäumen
  • Dürhagen
  • Eckenhausen
  • Elberhausen
  • Engelshagen
  • Erlensterz
  • Fockenhausen
  • Frohnhausen
  • Fürweg
  • Fuhr
  • Funkenhausen
  • Goldenbergshammer
  • Großberghausen
  • Großeichen
  • Großenscheidt
  • Großkatern
  • Grünenthal -Grünestraße
  • Hagelsiepen
  • Hambüchen
  • Hammerstein
  • Hangberg
  • Hartkopsbever
  • Heide
  • Heidt
  • Heinhausen
  • Herweg
  • Hummeltenberg
  • Junkernbusch
  • Junkerndorf
  • Käfernberg
  • Kaisersbusch
  • Kammerforsterhöhe
  • Karquelle
  • Karrenstein
  • Kautzenberg
  • Kirschsiepen
  • Kleinberghausen
  • Kleineichen
  • Kleinenscheidt
  • Kleinhöhfeld
  • Kleinkatern
  • Knefelsberg
  • Kobeshofen
  • Kormannshausen
  • Kotthausen
  • Kurzfeld
  • Linde
  • Maisdörpe
  • Marke
  • Mickenhagen
  • Mitberg
  • Mittelbeck
  • Mittelhombrechen
  • Mühlenberg
  • Niederbeck
  • Niederburghof
  • Niederdahlhausen
  • Niederdorp
  • Niederhagelsiepen
  • Neuenherweg
  • Neuenholte
  • Neuhückeswagen
  • Neukretze
  • Niederlangenberg
  • Oberbeck
  • Oberburghof
  • Oberdorp
  • Oberhombrechen
  • Oberlangenberg
  • Odenholl
  • Odenholler Mühle
  • Pixberg
  • Pixberger Mühle
  • Pixwaag
  • Pleuse
  • Posthäuschen
  • Purd
  • Rautzenberg
  • Reinshagenbever
  • Röttgen
  • Scheideweg
  • Scheuer
  • Schmitzberg
  • Schnabelsmühle
  • Schneppenthal
  • Schückhausen
  • Siepersbever
  • Sohl
  • Stahlschmidtsbrücke
  • Steffenshagen
  • Steinberg
  • Steinberg (Bevertalsperre)
  • Stoote
  • Straßweg
  • Straßburg
  • Strucksfeld
  • Tannenbaum
  • Ulemannssiepen
  • Unterscheideweg
  • Vogelsholl
  • Vormwald
  • Voßhagen
  • Warth
  • Wefelsen
  • Wegerhof
  • Westenbrücke
  • Westhofen
  • Westhoferhöhe
  • Wickesberg
  • Wiehagen
  • Winterhagen
  • Wüste
  • Wüstung Hagermühle
  • Zipshausen

EconomyEdit

Institutions and unionsEdit

The interests of the companies will represent from the retail trade organization and from the voluntary initiative town marketing Hückeswagen. In beyond it, Hückeswagen takes part in the so-called "Move project" of the country of North Rhine-Westphalia which has a management friendly to middle class to the destination.

FirmsEdit

The biggest employer in the town is "Klingelnberg", a mechanical engineering company.

Trade surfacesEdit

The city of Hückeswagen has approximately 600,000 square metres of industrial space. Of it the biggest coherent trades and industrial zones are in the city center area between the B 237 and the Wupper, in Kobeshofen, in Winterhagen/ Industriestreet and in the area in the Schlossfabrik /Kleineichen. A new industrial area with about 400,000 square metres commercial area is opened nowadays in cooperation with the town of Remscheid in the area between winter hedges and scabbard way on the western local border with immediate binding to the B 237.

TrafficEdit

ÖPNVEdit

The section of the Remscheid line between Hückeswagen and Gummersbach was rarely used, the main Remscheid railway station was closed off, and the railroad was later closed completely. Today, only bus connections exist to Remscheid, Gummersbach, Radevormwald and Wermelskirchen. The town belongs to the transport group Rhine-Sieg.

Motor trafficEdit

The federal highway 237 and the federal highway 483 pass by Hückeswagen. A town bypass is planned, for the improvement of the transport guidance, but the financing of this road has not been cleared. Later plans for a second by-pass road should provide for further easing of traffic congestion throughout the town.

Location leading systemEdit

In 2004, a location-leading system was introduced to Hückeswagen, consisting of a terminal in the entrance to the town, it makes it easier for foreign visitors to orient themselves around the town. Above all, it enables foreign truck drivers, and company customers, whom need to visit one of the industrial areas, to bypass the town itself.

PersonalitiesEdit

 
Johann Heinrich Jung in 1801

International relationsEdit

Hückeswagen is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External linksEdit