Groß-Rohrheim is a community in the Bergstraße district in Hesse, Germany.

Groß-Rohrheim
Train station
Train station
Coat of arms of Groß-Rohrheim
Coat of arms
Location of Groß-Rohrheim within Bergstraße district
Groß-RohrheimZwingenbergBiblisViernheimLampertheimBürstadtEinhausenLorschBensheimLautertalLindenfelsHeppenheimHeppenheimFürthGrasellenbachRimbachMörlenbachWald-MichelbachBirkenauAbtsteinachGorxheimertalHirschhornNeckarsteinachMichelbuchRhineland-PalatinateBaden-WürttembergGroß-Gerau (district)Darmstadt-DieburgOdenwaldkreisGroß-Rohrheim in HP.svg
About this image
Groß-Rohrheim is located in Germany
Groß-Rohrheim
Groß-Rohrheim
Groß-Rohrheim is located in Hesse
Groß-Rohrheim
Groß-Rohrheim
Coordinates: 49°43′0″N 8°29′0″E / 49.71667°N 8.48333°E / 49.71667; 8.48333Coordinates: 49°43′0″N 8°29′0″E / 49.71667°N 8.48333°E / 49.71667; 8.48333
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionDarmstadt
DistrictBergstraße
Government
 • MayorRainer Bersch (SPD)
Area
 • Total19.56 km2 (7.55 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total3,714
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
68649
Dialling codes06245
Vehicle registrationHP
Websitewww.gross-rohrheim.de

Contents

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

The community lies 3 km east of the Rhine in the middle of the Hessisches Ried north of Biblis.

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

Groß-Rohrheim borders in the north on the town of Gernsheim (Groß-Gerau district), in the east on the community of Einhausen, in the south on the community of Biblis and in the west on the district-free city of Worms (Rhineland-Palatinate) and the community of Hamm am Rhein (Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate).

Constituent communitiesEdit

Groß-Rohrheim has two Ortsteile, or quarters, split by the railway right-of-way running between Frankfurt and Mannheim, the older, original centre west of the tracks and a new town development on the east side.

HistoryEdit

In 782, Groß-Rohrheim had its first documentary mention in the Lorsch Codex. Names for the community changed over the centuries from Rohrheim superior to villa Rorheim to Ober Rorheim and then to Groß-Rohrheim, the name it has borne since 1689 (groß means “great” in German). In the Middle Ages, the Lorsch Abbey was the feudal overlord; later it was the Lords of Bickenbach, the Counts of Erbach and the House of Katzenelnbogen or their successors, the Landgraves of Hesse. The Erbach family’s share was sold off as early as 1714 to Hesse-Darmstadt.

The Thirty Years' War and later, French raids took a heavy toll on the community. In 1659, Landgrave Georg II of Hesse conferred upon “his loyal subjects in the market town of Groß-Rohrheim” a free and open market, the Maimarkt, still in existence now. Over the last 50 years only 15 of the original agricultural operations at that time have survived.

PoliticsEdit

Community councilEdit

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Parties and voter communities %
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
Social Democratic Party of Germany 54.1 10 62.5 14
Christian Democratic Union of Germany 24.6 5 25.4 6
Bürger für Groß-Rohrheim 21.3 4 12.1 3
Total 100.0 19 100.0 23
Voter turnout in % 52.8 61.4

MayorsEdit

At the mayoral election in 2008, Rainer Bersch was victorious. From 1990 until then, Heinz Roos (SPD) had been Groß-Rohrheim’s mayor.

Town partnershipsEdit

Culture and sightseeingEdit

 
Memorial to Claus Kröncke
  • Historic timber-frame houses near the Evangelical church from 1688 to 1723, as well as the ceiling paintings in the church
  • Memorial to the planner of the Rhine channel, Claus Kröncke.

TransportEdit

Groß-Rohrheim lies on the Mannheim–Frankfurt railway.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2019.

External linksEdit