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Grimma (Upper Sorbian: Grima) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Central Germany, on the left bank of the Mulde, 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Leipzig. Founded in c. 1170, it is part of the Leipzig district.
|• Mayor||Matthias Berger|
|• Total||217.38 km2 (83.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||128 m (420 ft)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||L, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR|
The river Mulde flows through the town, a significant section of which is situated in a floodplain. Massive floods in 2002 washed away the old Pöppelmannbrücke bridge and caused significant damage to buildings in the town. In the summer of 2013 there was further flood damage.
- Großbardau (merged with Grimma January 2006)
- Kleinbardau (merged with Grimma January 2006)
- Bernbruch (merged with Grimma 2006)
- Waldbardau (merged with Grimma 2006)
- Nerchau (merged with Grimma 2011)
- Thümmlitzwalde (merged with Grimma 2011)
- Großbothen (merged with Grimma 2011)
- Mutzschen (merged with Grimma 1 January 2012)
The city was chosen as one of three government elite boarding schools, the 'Princely Schools of Saxony', in 1550. The purpose of these schools was to educate future civil servants and to prepare them for further studies at universities which is why a number of historical personalities are biographically related to this rather small city. The Gymnasium St. Augustine still exists today as one of only a few public boarding schools in Saxony.
Due to the city being located at the second main railway line between Leipzig and Dresden (via Meissen), the city developed well in the 19th century.
By 1890 the population had reached 8,957.
Grimma has been the site of many historic structures, including a town hall dating from 1442, a famous school (the Fürstenschule) erected on the site of a former Augustinian monastery in 1550, and a school of brewing.
- Albert III, Duke of Saxony (1443–1500)
- Catherine of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria (1468–1524)
- Ernst Otto Schlick (1840–1913), engineer
- Georg Elias Müller (1850–1934), psychologist
- Erich Waschneck (1887–1970), playwright
- Diethard Hellmann (1928–1999), musician
- Verena Reichel (born 1945), translator
- Ulrich Mühe (1953–2007), actor
- Jochen Kupfer (born 1969), operatic baritone
- Carmen Nebel (born 1956), TV moderator
- Olaf Beyer (born 1957), athlete
- Matthias Lindner (born 1965), footballer
- Torsten Kracht (born 1967), footballer
- Marina Schuck (born 1981), sprint canoer
- Ronny Garbuschewski (born 1986), footballer
- Rosa-Marie Tischendorf born June 2, 1877), niece of Konstantin Tischendorf
Grimma is the sister city to Devon, Alberta, Canada. in 2008, a group of students and dignitaries from Devon travelled to Grimma to perform in an international music festival. In 2010, members of the Grimma Jugendblasorchester (Youth Orchestra) travelled to Devon to perform and to tour Alberta.
- "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2020.
- Manfred Wilde: Die Zauberei- und Hexenprozesse in Kursachsen. Köln, Weimar, Wien 2003, S. 508f.
- The Century Cyclopaedia of Names, coordinated by Benjamin E Smith and published by the De Vinne Press, New York 1894
- spiegel.de 2013: Versäumter Hochwasserschutz: "Diese Flut kommt vier Jahre zu früh"
- The latter has been claimed in Encyclopædia Britannica 1911: Grimma as follows: "There are also a modern school, a teachers' seminary, a commercial school and a school of brewing." The following three sources are given: "See Lorenz, Die Stadt Grimma, historisch beschrieben (Leipzig, 1871); Rössler, Geschichte der königlich sächsischen Fürsten- und Landesschule Grimma (Leipzig, 1891); L. Schmidt, Urkundenbuch der Stadt Grimma (Leipzig, 1895); and Fraustadt, Grimmenser Stammbuch (Grimma, 1900)." (all three German language)
- nurun.com. "Funding for Grimma visitors secured, itinerary ..." Devon Dispatch. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. .