The green-backed firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) is a hummingbird that is found in Argentina and Chile. It can be fairly common in some locations, especially on Robinson Crusoe Island, 350 miles off the Chilean coast. It can be found in the Chilean matorral ecoregion, extending as far south as Tierra del Fuego.[2]

Green-backed firecrown
Picaflor colibri rubi.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Sephanoides
S. sephaniodes
Binomial name
Sephanoides sephaniodes
(Lesson, 1827)
Sephanoides sephaniodes map.svg
This image shows two pictures of the same green-backed firecrown taken three seconds apart.

Like its cousin the Juan Fernández firecrown, the green-backed firecrown often hangs from flower petals or leaves with its feet. Their nests are built in high branches or bushes.

The firecrown exploits various flower types for nectar, and is able to not only recall the nectar location among identical flowers, but also to recall the location of the most rewarding nectar among less rewarding flowers.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Sephanoides sephaniodes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan & World Wildlife Fund. 2013. Chilean matorral. ed. M.McGinley. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. ^ Gonzalez-Gomez, Paulina L.; Vasquez, Rodrigo A. (2006-08-01). "A Field Study of Spatial Memory in Green-Backed Firecrown Hummingbirds (Sephanoides sephaniodes)". Ethology. 112 (8): 790–795. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2006.01223.x. ISSN 0179-1613.

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