Grand Duke of Vladimir
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The Grand Duke of Vladimir was a prince during the Kievan Rus' and after its collapse. He ruled territory approximately bounded by the Volga, Oka and Northern Dvina rivers. Its capital was Vladimir during 1157-1238. Vladimir city was founded by a Kievan prince Vladimir Monomakh in 1108 and was destroyed by a Mongol invasion in 1238. The second important city was Suzdal', also destroyed by Mongols. The Grand Duke (Velikii Kniaz, "Grand Prince") Yuri Dolgorukii (Yuri "Long-arms"), the seventh son of Vladimir Monomakh, began the lineage of Suzdal' and Vladimir-Suzdal' great princes. Vladimir-Suzdal' began the next consolidation of Russian lands, completed by Muscovy, which grew from within Vladimir-Suzdal.
Vladimir was founded in the 12th century. It first came into focus in 1151, when Andrei Bogolyubskiy secretly left Vyshgorod, the domain of his father in the principality of Kiev, and migrated to the newly settled land of Suzdal, where in 1157 he became grand prince of the principalities of Vladimir, Suzdal and Rostov. The principality was overrun by the Mongols under Batu Khan in 1242. He and his successors asserted suzerainty over it until 1328. During this period, Vladimir became the chief town of the Russian settlements in the basin of the Oka and it clashed with the new principality of Moscow, to which it finally succumbed in 1328. It began to decay in the 14th century.
Grand Dukes of VladimirEdit
The state of Vladimir-Suzdal (formally the Grand Duchy of Vladimir) became dominant among the various petty principalities to form from the dissolution of the Kievan Rus' state; the title of Grand Duke of Vladimir became one of the three titles (along with Kiev and Novgorod) possessed by the most important rulers among the Russian nobility. While Vladimir enjoyed hegemony for a time, it too would disintegrate into a series of petty states, the most important of which became Grand Duchy of Moscow, which itself would eventually evolve into the Tsardom of Russia.
|Monarch||Portrait||Born-Died||Relationship with Predecessor(s)||Ruled from||Ruled until|
|Saint Andrei I Bogolyubsky||1110–1174||Son of Yuri I||15 May 1157||29 June 1174|
|Mikhail I||?–1176||Brother of Andrei I||1174||September 1174|
|Yaropolk||?–after 1196||Grandson of Vladimir II||1174||15 June 1175|
|Mikhail I||?–1176||Brother of Andrei I||15 June 1175||20 June 1176|
|Vsevolod III the Big Nest||1154–1212||Brother of Andrei I and Mikhail I||June 1176||15 April 1212|
|Yuri II||1189–1238||Son of Vsevolod III||1212||27 April 1216|
|Konstantin of Rostov||1186–1218||Son of Vsevolod III||Spring 1216||2 February 1218|
|Yuri II||1189–1238||Son of Vsevolod III||February 1218||4 March 1238|
|Yaroslav II||1191–1238||Son of Vsevolod III||1238||30 September 1246|
|Sviatoslav III||1196–3 February 1252||Son of Vsevolod III||1246||1248|
|Mikhail Khorobrit||1229–15 January 1248||Son of Yaroslav II||1248||15 January 1248|
|Sviatoslav III||1196– 3 February 1252||Son of Vsevolod III||1248||1249|
|Andrey II||1221–1264||Son of Yaroslav II||December 1249||24 July 1252|
|Saint Alexander I Nevsky||1220–1263||Son of Yaroslav II||1252||14 November 1263|
|Yaroslav III||1230–1272||Son of Yaroslav II||1264||1271|
|Vasily of Kostroma||1241–1276||Son of Yaroslav II||1272||January 1277|
|Dmitry of Pereslavl||1250–1294||Son of St. Alexander||1277||1281|
|Andrey III||1255–1304||Son of St. Alexander||1281||December 1283|
|Dmitry of Pereslavl||1250–1294||Son of St. Alexander||December 1283||1293|
|Andrey III||1255–1304||Son of St. Alexander||1293||1304|
|Saint Michael of Tver||1271–1318||Son of Yaroslav III||Autumn 1304||22 November 1318|
|Yuri (III) of Moscow||1281–1325||Grandson of St. Alexander||1318||2 November 1322|
|Dmitry I the Terrible Eyes||1299–1326||Son of St. Michael||1322||15 September 1326|
|Alexander of Tver||1281–1339||Son of St. Michael||1326||1327|
|Alexander III||?–1331||Grandson of Andrey II||1328||1331|
|Ivan I of Moscow Kalita||1288–1340||Grandson of St. Alexander||1332||31 March 1340|
Since 1332 the title of the Grand Princes of Vladimir passed to the Grand Dukes of Moscow.
- "RUSSIA, Slavic Languages, Orthodox Calendar, Russian Battleships". Friesian.com. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
The word in Russian is Knyaz which is different from the word borrowed from German for "duke", gertsog (i.e. herzog), and from Latin for "prince", prints. The problem seems to be that in modern times a brother of the Tsar was always a Velikii Knyaz and this was translated "Grand Duke" by analogy to the tradition of giving the title Duke to the brothers of the Kings of England and France. This ambiguity exists in other regional languages, where either "prince" or "duke" can also translate kníze in Czech, knez in Croatian, ksiaze in Polish, knieza in Slovakian, kunigaikshtis in Lithuanian, and voivode in Hungarian.
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