Graeme Ruxton

Graeme Ruxton FRSE is a zoologist known for his research into behavioural ecology and evolutionary ecology.

Life and workEdit

Ruxton received his PhD in Statistics and Modelling Science in 1992 from the University of Strathclyde. His studies focus on the evolutionary pressures on aggregation by animals, and predator-prey aspects of sensory ecology. He researched visual communication in animals at the University of Glasgow, where he was professor of theoretical ecology.[1] In 2013 he became professor at the University of St Andrews, Scotland.[2][3]


Ruxton has published numerous papers on antipredator adaptations, along with contributions to textbooks. His book Living in Groups has been cited over 2300 times. His textbook Avoiding Attack. The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry has been cited over 1150 times. His paper "Collective memory and spatial sorting in animal groups" has been cited over 1300 times, while his paper on the use of statistics in behavioural ecology, "The unequal variance t-test is an underused alternative to Student's t-test and the Mann–Whitney U test", has been cited over 850 times.[4]

Honours and AwardsEdit

In 2012 Ruxton was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.[5]


  1. ^ Lee, Jane J. (9 February 2012). "Mystery of Zebra's Stripes Finally Solved?". ScienceNOW. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Prof Graeme Ruxton". University of St Andrews School of Biology. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Professor Graeme Ruxton". University of Glasgow Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  4. ^ "author:graeme author:ruxton". Google Scholar. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Professor Graeme Douglas Ruxton FRSE - The Royal Society of Edinburgh". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 2018-06-26.

External linksEdit