Gracie Fields

Dame Gracie Fields, DBE (born Grace Stansfield; 9 January 1898 – 27 September 1979) was an English actress, singer and comedian and star of both cinema and music hall.[1][2] She spent the later part of her life on the isle of Capri, Italy. Fields was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for Services to Entertainment in 1938, and in 1979, seven months before her death, she was invested as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II.[3]

Gracie Fields

Dame Gracie Fields Allan Warren.jpg
Fields on Capri (Allan Warren, 1973)
Grace Stansfield

(1898-01-09)9 January 1898
Died27 September 1979(1979-09-27) (aged 81)
La Canzone Del Mare, Capri, Italy
OccupationActress, singer
Years active1924–1979
(m. 1923; div. 1939)

(m. 1940; died 1950)

Boris Alperovici
(m. 1952)

Life and workEdit

Early lifeEdit

Fields was born Grace Stansfield, over a fish and chip shop owned by her grandmother, Sarah Bamford, in Molesworth Street, Rochdale, Lancashire. She made her first stage appearance as a child in 1905, joining children's repertory theatre groups such as Haley's Garden of Girls and the Nine Dainty Dots. Her two sisters, Edith and Betty, and brother, Tommy, all went on to appear on stage, but Gracie was the most successful. Her professional debut in variety took place at the Rochdale Hippodrome theatre in 1910, and she soon gave up her job in the local cotton mill, where she was a half-timer, spending half a week in the mill and the other half at school.

Fields met the comedian and impresario Archie Pitt and they began working together. Pitt gave Fields champagne on her 18th birthday, and wrote in an autograph book to her that he would make her a star. Pitt began to manage her career and they began a relationship; they married in 1923 at Clapham Register Office. Their first revue was called Yes I Think So in 1915, and the two continued to tour Britain together until 1924. That year they appeared in the revue Mr Tower of London, with other shows following in subsequent years, such as By Request, It's A Bargain and The Show's The Thing.

Pitt was the brother of Bert Aza, founder of the Aza agency, which was responsible for many entertainers of the day including the actor and comedian Stanley Holloway, who was introduced to Aza by Fields. Fields and Holloway first worked together on her film Sing As We Go in 1934 and the two remained close friends for the rest of their lives.[4]


Gracie Fields 1937

Fields came to major public notice in Mr Tower of London, a show staged in London's West End.[5] Her career accelerated from this point, with legitimate dramatic performances and the beginning of a recording career on His Master's Voice (HMV).

At one point, Fields was playing three shows a night in the West End. She appeared in the Pitt production SOS with Gerald Du Maurier, a legitimate play staged at the St James's Theatre.

Fields' most famous song, "Sally", which became her theme, was worked into the title of her first film, Sally in Our Alley (1931), a major box office hit. She went on to make a number of films, initially in Britain and later in the United States (when she was paid a record fee of £200,000 for four films). Regardless, she never enjoyed performing without a live audience, and found the process of film-making boring. She tried to opt out of filming, before director Monty Banks persuaded her otherwise, landing her a lucrative Hollywood deal. Fields demanded that the four pictures be filmed in Britain and not Hollywood.

The final few lines of the song "Sally", which Fields sang at every performance from 1931 onwards, were written by her husband's mistress, Annie Lipman. Fields claimed in later life that she wanted to "Drown blasted Sally with Walter with the aspidistra on top!", a reference to two other of her well-known songs, "Walter, Walter", and "The Biggest Aspidistra In The World".[6]

The famous opera star Luisa Tetrazzini heard her singing an aria and asked her to sing in grand opera. Fields decided to stay "where I knew I belonged."[7]

Charity workEdit

In the 1930s, her popularity was at its peak, and she was given many honours: the Officer of the Venerable Order of St. John (for charity work), the Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) (for services to entertainment) in 1938 and the Freedom of the Borough of Rochdale in 1937.

She donated her house in The Bishops Avenue, north London – which she had not much cared for, and shared with her husband Pitt and his mistress – to an orphanage after the marriage broke down. In 1939, she became seriously ill with cervical cancer. The public sent over 250,000 goodwill messages and she retired to her villa on Capri. After she recovered, she recorded a special 78rpm record simply called Gracie's Thanks, in which she thanks the public for the many cards and letters she received while in hospital.

Fields also helped Rochdale F.C. in the 1930s, when they were struggling to pay fees and buy sports equipment.

In 1933, she set up the Gracie Fields Children's Home and Orphanage at Peacehaven, Sussex, for children of those in the theatre profession who could not look after their children. She kept this until 1967, when the home was no longer needed. This was near her own home in Peacehaven, and Fields often visited, with the children all calling her 'Aunty Grace'.[8]

World War IIEdit

Fields, accompanied by an RAF orchestra, entertains airmen at their 1939 Christmas party
Fields shares a joke with troops in a village near Valenciennes, France, April 1940

In 1939, Fields suffered a breakdown and went to Capri to recuperate.[9] World War II was declared while she was recovering in Capri, and Fields – still very ill after her cancer surgery – threw herself into her work and signed up for the Entertainments National Service Association (ENSA) headed by her old film producer, Basil Dean. Fields travelled to France to entertain the troops in the midst of air-raids, performing on the backs of open lorries and in war-torn areas. She was the first artist to play behind enemy lines in Berlin. During the war, she also paid for all servicemen and women to travel free on public transport within the boundaries of Rochdale.

Following her divorce from Archie Pitt, she married Italian-born film director Monty Banks in March 1940. However, because Banks remained an Italian citizen and would have been interned in the United Kingdom after Italy declared war in 1940, she went with him to North America, possibly at the suggestion of Winston Churchill who told her to "Make American Dollars, not British Pounds", which she did, in aid of the Navy League and the Spitfire Fund. She and Banks moved to their home in Santa Monica, California. Fields occasionally returned to Britain, performing in factories and army camps around the country. After their initial argument, Parliament offered her an official apology.

Although she continued to spend much of her time entertaining troops and otherwise supporting the war effort outside Britain, this led to a fall-off in her popularity at home. She performed many times for Allied troops, travelling as far as New Guinea, where she received an enthusiastic response from Australian personnel.[10] In late 1945, she toured the South Pacific Islands.

Post-war careerEdit

After the war, Fields continued her career less actively. She began performing in Britain again in 1948, headlining the London Palladium over Ella Fitzgerald who was also on the bill. The BBC gave her her own radio show in 1947, dubbed Our Gracie's Working Party, in which 12 towns were visited by Fields. It featured a live show of music and entertainment broadcast weekly, compered by Fields, who also performed, with local talents also on the bill. The tour commenced in Gracie's hometown of Rochdale. Like many BBC shows at the time, this show transferred to Radio Luxembourg in 1950, sponsored by Wisk soap powder. Billy Ternent and his Orchestra accompanied her.

In 1951, Fields took part in the cabaret which closed the Festival of Britain celebrations.[11] She proved popular once more[citation needed], though never regaining the status she enjoyed in the 1930s. She continued recording, but made no more films, moving more towards light classical music as popular tastes changed, often adopting a religious theme. She continued into the new medium of LP records, and recorded new versions of her old favourite songs, as well as contemporary tracks, to 'liven things up a bit'.

Monty Banks died on 8 January 1950[12] of a heart attack, while travelling on the Orient Express. On 18 February 1952 in Capri, Fields married Boris Alperovici, a Romanian radio repairman.[13] She claimed that he was the love of her life, and that she couldn't wait to propose to him. She proposed on Christmas Day in front of friends and family. They married at the Church of St Stefano on Capri in a quiet ceremony, before honeymooning in Rome.

She lived on her beloved Isle of Capri for the remainder of her life, at her home La Canzone Del Mare, a swimming and restaurant complex which Fields' home overlooked. It was favoured by many Hollywood stars during the 1950s, with regular guests including Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Greta Garbo and Noël Coward.

Later yearsEdit

Fields began to work less, but still toured the UK under the management of Harold Fielding, manager of top artists of the day such as Tommy Steele and Max Bygraves. Her UK tours proved popular, and in the mid-1960s she gave farewell tours in Australia, Canada and America; the last performance was recorded and released years later.

In 1956, Fields was the first actress to portray Miss Marple[14] in a US TV production of Agatha Christie's A Murder is Announced.[15] The production featured Jessica Tandy and Roger Moore, and predates the Margaret Rutherford films by some five years. She also starred in television productions of A Tale of Two Cities, The Old Lady Shows Her Medals – for which she won a TV Award – and Mrs 'Arris Goes to Paris, which was remade years later with Angela Lansbury as Mrs Harris, a charwoman in search of a fur coat (or a Christian Dior gown in Lansbury's case).

In 1957, her single "Around the World" peaked at No.8 in the UK Singles Chart, with her recording of "Little Donkey" reaching No.20 in November 1959.[16] The sheet music for the song was the UK's best-seller for seven weeks.[17]

She was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1960, when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the BBC Television Theatre.[18]

Fields regularly performed in TV appearances, being the first entertainer to perform on Val Parnell's Sunday Night at the London Palladium.[19] Fields had two Christmas TV specials in 1960 and 1961, singing her old favourites and new songs in front of a studio audience. 1971 saw A Gift For Gracie, another TV special presented by Fields and Bruce Forsyth. This followed on from her popularity on Stars on Sunday, a religious programme on Britain's ITV, in which well-known performers sang hymns or read extracts from the Bible. Fields was the most requested artist on the show.

In 1968, Fields headlined a two-week Christmas stint at the West Riding of Yorkshire's prestigious Batley Variety Club. "I was born over a fish and chip shop – I never thought I'd be singing in one!" claimed Fields during the performance recorded by the BBC.[20]

In 1975, her album The Golden Years reached No. 48 in the UK Albums Chart.[16]

In 1978, she opened the Gracie Fields Theatre, next to Oulder Hill Community School in her native Rochdale, performing a concert there recorded by the BBC to open the show. Fields appeared in ten Royal Variety Performances from 1928 onwards, her last being in 1978 at the age of 80, when she appeared as a surprise guest in the finale and sang her theme song, "Sally".[5]

Her final TV appearance came in January 1979 when she appeared in a special octogenarian edition of The Merv Griffin Show in America, in which she sang the song she popularised in America, "The Biggest Aspidistra in the World".[21] Fields was notified by her confidante John Taylor while she was in America that she had the Queen's invitation to become a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, to which she replied: "Yes I'll accept, yes I can kneel – but I might need help getting back up, and yes I'll attend – as long as they don't call Boris 'Buttons'."


Fields' health declined in July 1979, when she contracted pneumonia after performing an open-air concert on the Royal Yacht which was docked in Capri's harbour.[citation needed] After a spell in hospital, she seemed to be recovering, but died on 27 September 1979. The press reported she died holding her husband's hand, but in reality he was at their Anacapri home at the time, while Gracie was home with the housekeeper, Irena. She is buried in Capri's Protestant Cemetery, in a white marble tomb. Her coffin was carried by staff from her restaurant.

Honours and popular cultureEdit

Fields was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1938. In February 1979, she was invested as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire[22] seven months before her death at her home on Capri, aged 81.

She was referenced in the 1987 film Wish You Were Here, the 1996 film Intimate Relations, and the 2006 film The History Boys.

On 3 October 2009, the final train to run on the Oldham Loop before it closed to be converted to a tramway, a Class 156, was named in her honour.[23]

Fields was granted the Freedom of Rochdale.[24] The local theatre in Rochdale, the Gracie Fields Theatre, was opened by her in 1978.[25]

In September 2016, a statue of Fields was unveiled outside Rochdale Town Hall, which was the first statue of a woman to be erected for over a century in Greater Manchester.[26]

Fields was the mystery guest on the 1 May 1955 edition of What's My Line? After Bennett Cerf asked about one of her songs, Dorothy Kilgallen correctly guessed it was her.

Notable songsEdit


Gracie Fields in Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Year Title Role
1931 Sally in Our Alley Sally Winch
1932 Looking on the Bright Side Gracie
1933 This Week of Grace Grace Milroy
1934 Love, Life and Laughter Nellie Gwynn
Sing As We Go Gracie Platt
1935 Look Up and Laugh Gracie Pearson
1936 Queen of Hearts Grace Perkins
1937 The Show Goes On Sally Scowcroft
1938 We're Going to Be Rich Kit Dobson
Young and Beautiful (short) Herself
Keep Smiling Gracie Gray
1939 Shipyard Sally Sally Fitzgerald
1943 Stage Door Canteen Herself
Holy Matrimony Alice Chalice
1945 Molly and Me Molly Barry
Paris Underground Emmeline Quayle

Box office rankingEdit

For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted her among the top ten stars in Britain at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald.

  • 1936 – 1st (3rd most popular star over all)[27]
  • 1937 – 1st (3rd overall)[28]
  • 1938 – 2nd[29]
  • 1939 - 2nd[30]
  • 1940 - 3rd[31]
  • 1941 - 8th[32]


  1. ^ "Gracie Fields".
  2. ^ "Gracie Fields - Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos - AllMovie". AllMovie.
  3. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Fields, Gracie (1898-1979) Biography".
  4. ^ Richard Anthony Baker (20 April 2010). "Obituaries / Jack Beckitt". Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b "FIELDS, Gracie (1898-1979) - English Heritage".
  6. ^ Helen Smith Bevington (1983). The Journey is Everything: A Journal of the Seventies. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. p. 158. ISBN 0-8223-0553-4.
  7. ^ Rochdale Observer, 29 September 1979
  8. ^ "Famous Residents", Peacehaven Council
  9. ^ William N. Jones. "The Afro American, newspaper, 2 December 1939, page 6 – (article) Twelve Sing Way Back to America". Retrieved 14 October 2015. Bricktop has been back in America several weeks while Adelaide Hall has been singing for the soldiers. Miss Hall, whose popularity with the British Tommy’s ranks with that of Gracie Fields, may remain in England as Miss Fields has recently suffered a breakdown.
  10. ^ "Home - Australian War Memorial" (PDF). Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  11. ^ 'End To Festival', The Times(London), 1 October 1951, p.4:"The crowd...rose to great heights of enthusiasm when Miss Gracie Fields came to the microphone...and...joined in singing at her behest more heartily than probably anyone else could have persuaded them to do."
  12. ^ "Death Of Gracie Fields Husband" (scan). The Morning Bulletin (№ 27622). Rockhampton, Queensland. 10 January 1950. p. 1. Retrieved 9 March 2015 – via Trove-National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ Gavaghan, Julian (17 February 2014). "On This Day: British star Gracie Fields marries Romanian repairman in Italy". Retrieved 9 March 2015. Gracie Fields married a Romanian radio repairman [Boris Alperovici] in a quiet ceremony in Italy on this day [February 18] in 1952.
  14. ^ "First actress to portray Miss Marple on TV". Guinness World Records Limited. Archived from the original on 16 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015. The earliest actress to portray Miss Marple was the UK's Gracie Fields in the NBC (USA) Goodyear TV Playhouse: A Murder is Announced in 1956.
  15. ^ "A Murder Is Announced (Full Cast & Crew)". Internet Movie Database (IMDb). 1956. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  16. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 199. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  17. ^ "Around The World". 25 May 1957. Retrieved 9 March 2015.[failed verification]
  18. ^ "Gracie Fields".
  20. ^ "The variety club that made Batley the 'Las Vegas of the North'".
  21. ^ "The Merv Griffin Show".
  22. ^ "Supplement to the London Gazette". Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  23. ^ "Train named after Rochdale star". Rochdale Online. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
  24. ^ "Alderman Crowder grants the Freedom of Rochdale to Gracie Fields". YouTube. 8 September 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  25. ^ "Gracie Fields Theatre, Rochdale". 27 September 1979. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  26. ^ Halliday, Josh (19 September 2016). "'Our Gracie' comes home: Rochdale salutes Gracie Fields with statue". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  27. ^ "Star names at the Box Office-British Preferences" (scan). The Mercury. Vol. CXLVI (№ 20, 731). Hobart, Tasmania. 10 April 1937. p. 5. Retrieved 27 April 2012 – via Trove-National Library of Australia.
  28. ^ 'Sir Cedric Hardwicke and Sara Allgood Will Star in Next Subscription Play at the National, 3 Jan.: 'Shadow and Substance,' Abbey Theater Hit, Fifth Guild-American Society Offering; 'Night Must Fall' Voted 1937's Best; Shirley Temple Again Biggest Box-Office Name; Mitzi Writes a Letter.', The Washington Post 20 December 1937: 14.
  29. ^ "FORMBY IS POPULAR ACTOR" (scan). The Mercury. Vol. CL (№ 21, 295). Hobart, Tasmania. 25 February 1939. p. 5. Retrieved 27 April 2012 – via Trove-National Library of Australia.
  30. ^ "Motion Picture Herald".
  31. ^ "Motion Picture Herald".
  32. ^ "Motion Picture Herald".


Further readingEdit

External linksEdit