Grabow (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʁaːbo]) is a town in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. It is situated on the river Elde, 7 km (4.35 mi) southeast of Ludwigslust, and 34 km (21.12 mi) northwest of Wittenberge. It is twinned with Whitstable, in Kent.

Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Grabow
Coat of arms
Location of Grabow within Ludwigslust-Parchim district
Grabow (Elde) in LUP.svg
Grabow is located in Germany
Grabow is located in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coordinates: 53°16′N 11°34′E / 53.267°N 11.567°E / 53.267; 11.567Coordinates: 53°16′N 11°34′E / 53.267°N 11.567°E / 53.267; 11.567
Municipal assoc.Grabow
 • MayorKathleen Bartels (SPD)
 • Total72.08 km2 (27.83 sq mi)
26 m (85 ft)
 • Total5,591
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes038756
Vehicle registrationLWL


The name Grabow is of Slavic Polabian origin, grab means "hornbeam". Names with this root occur often in Mecklenburg. It was only slightly changed as Grabowe (1186, 1252, 1275) and Grabow (1189, 1298). Pope Urban III. mentions castle Grabow for the first time in a letter from February 23, 1186. The city received city law in 1252 from the Count of Dannenberg. On 3 June 1725 the city was destroyed by a great fire. The palace was never rebuilt. At least since the 18th century there were Jews in the city, who left behind a synagogue and a cemetery. Both of them were damaged during the Kristallnacht. The Jews were murdered during the German occupation of the town that began in 1939. Most were sent to nearby Chelmno and gassed there.

The historical center of Grabow is distinguished by its close core of timber-framed houses of the 18th century.

From 1815 to 1918, Grabow was part of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Otto Plath, the father of Sylvia Plath, emigrated from Grabow to America. On 1 January 2016, the former municipality Steesow became part of Grabow.

The painter Wilhelm Langschmidt was born in Grabow. He settled in the Elgin valley in South Africa. The town which grew around his trading store there still bears the name Grabouw, after his hometown.[2]

Number of inhabitantsEdit

  • 1877: 4,200
  • 1910: 5,500
  • 1939: 5,900
  • 1946: 8,900
  • 1970: 8,500
  • 1984: 8,600
  • 1990: 8,098
  • 1995: 7,240
  • 1997: 6,934
  • 2000: 6,741
  • 2005: 6,231


Sons and Daughters of GrabowEdit

Karl Leopold, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Personalities who lived and worked in GrabowEdit


  1. ^ "Statistisches Amt M-V – Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden 2019". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ G. de Beer, A. Paterson, H. Olivier: 160 Years of Export. PPECB. Plattekloof, South Africa. 2003. ISBN 0-620-30967-9

External linksEdit

  Media related to Grabow at Wikimedia Commons