Grünheide (Mark)

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Grünheide (Mark) is a municipality in the Oder-Spree district, in Brandenburg, Germany, 30 kilometres south-east of Berlin city centre. It is situated south-east of Berlin on the River Löcknitz. In 2020 Tesla, Inc. began to build Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg in Grünheide near the Autobahn A10.[2]

Grünheide (Mark)
View over Grünheide with Lake Werlsee, Giga Berlin (Tesla construction site) in the background
View over Grünheide with Lake Werlsee, Giga Berlin (Tesla construction site) in the background
Coat of arms of Grünheide (Mark)
Coat of arms
Location of Grünheide (Mark) within Oder-Spree district
Grünheide (Mark) in LOS.png
Grünheide (Mark) is located in Germany
Grünheide (Mark)
Grünheide (Mark)
Grünheide (Mark) is located in Brandenburg
Grünheide (Mark)
Grünheide (Mark)
Coordinates: 52°25′N 13°49′E / 52.417°N 13.817°E / 52.417; 13.817Coordinates: 52°25′N 13°49′E / 52.417°N 13.817°E / 52.417; 13.817
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Subdivisions6 districts
Government
 • MayorArne Christiani (Ind.)
Area
 • Total125.92 km2 (48.62 sq mi)
Elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total8,755
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
15537
Dialling codes03362
Vehicle registrationLOS
Websitewww.gemeinde-gruenheide.de

EtymologyEdit

The name "Grünheide" is a compound of grün (green) and Heide (heath). Mark means march (see March of Brandenburg).[relevant? ]

GeographyEdit

Grünheide lies in the northwest of the Oder-Spree District (German: Landkreis Oder-Spree, Lower Sorbian: Wokrejs Odra-Sprjewja; seat: Beeskow (Lower Sorbian: Bezkow)), directly bordering the Märkisch-Oderland District (seat: Seelow) to the north. Grünheide is clockwise surrounded by the municipalities of Rehfelde, Müncheberg, Steinhöfel, Fürstenwalde/Spree, Spreenhagen, Gosen-Neu Zittau, Erkner, Woltersdorf (bei Berlin), and Rüdersdorf bei Berlin.

Division of the townEdit

Grünheide consists of the following districts:[citation needed]

  • Grünheide (Mark) with the villages Grünheide, Alt Buchhorst, Bergluch, Gottesbrück and Fangschleuse
  • Hangelsberg
  • Kagel
  • Kienbaum
  • Mönchwinkel
  • Spreeau

DemographicsEdit

Grünheide (Mark): Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 2,441—    
1890 2,412−0.08%
1910 3,351+1.66%
1925 4,157+1.45%
1933 4,627+1.35%
1939 5,411+2.64%
1946 5,486+0.20%
1950 5,825+1.51%
1964 6,347+0.61%
1971 6,350+0.01%
1981 6,143−0.33%
1985 6,006−0.56%
1989 5,857−0.63%
1990 5,733−2.12%
1991 5,641−1.60%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1992 5,615−0.46%
1993 5,599−0.28%
1994 5,724+2.23%
1995 6,186+8.07%
1996 6,398+3.43%
1997 6,606+3.25%
1998 6,816+3.18%
1999 7,000+2.70%
2000 7,272+3.89%
2001 7,381+1.50%
2002 7,489+1.46%
2003 7,546+0.76%
2004 7,674+1.70%
2005 7,761+1.13%
2006 7,822+0.79%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 7,770−0.66%
2008 7,820+0.64%
2009 7,885+0.83%
2010 7,982+1.23%
2011 8,034+0.65%
2012 8,047+0.16%
2013 8,111+0.80%
2014 8,165+0.67%
2015 8,327+1.98%
2016 8,448+1.45%
2017 8,554+1.25%
2018 8,645+1.06%
2019 8,755+1.27%

PersonalitiesEdit

 
Robert Havemann Berlin Volkskammer in 1960

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2019". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Baustart für Tesla-Werk – ohne Elon Musk und ohne Baugenehmigung B.Z. 6.8.2020
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Grünheide (Mark) at Wikimedia Commons