Government of Jammu and Kashmir

The Government of Jammu and Kashmir is the governing authority of Jammu and Kashmir and its two divisions and 20 districts. Jammu and Kashmir is administered as a union territory under the terms of Article 239A (which was initially applied to Puducherry is now also applicable to the union territory as per The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019) of the Constitution of India. Jammu and Kashmir has executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. Srinagar and Jammu are the summer and winter capitals of Jammu and Kashmir.

Government of Jammu and Kashmir
Emblem of Jammu and Kashmir.png
Seat of GovernmentJammu (winter)
Srinagar (summer)
Executive
GovernorLt. Governor Manoj Sinha
Chief MinisterVacant
Chief SecretaryB. V. R. Subrahmanyam
Legislature
Assembly
SpeakerVacant
Members in AssemblyTBD [1]
Judiciary
High CourtJammu and Kashmir High Court
Chief JusticeGita Mittal

ExecutiveEdit

The head of state of Jammu and Kashmir is a Lieutenant Governor, appointed by the President of India on the advice of the central government. His or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister,[2] is the head of government and chairs a council of ministers.

Council of Ministers of Jammu and KashmirEdit

A Council of Ministers led by a Chief Minister is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor from the membership of the legislative assembly. Their role is to advise the Lieutenant Governor in the exercise of functions in matters under the jurisdiction of the legislative assembly. In other matters, the Lieutenant Governor is empowered to act in his own capacity.[3]

The council of ministers will be formed following the Next Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election. Until then, executive power is vested in the lieutenant governor. The central Government of India can appoint advisers to the council to assist the lieutenant governor with his duties. Since the formation of the union territory in October 2019, the advisors to the lieutenant governor have been acting as "ministers" and are authorised with the same power as ministers.[4]

Advisers to the lieutenant governor:[5][6]

In 2018, Jammu and Kashmir Infrastructure Development Finance Corporation (JKIDFC) was set-up to speed up languishing infrastructure development in the union territory.[7][8]

LegislativeEdit

The legislative branch is of government is a unicameral legislative assembly, whose tenure is five years.[9] The legislative assembly may make laws for any of the matters in the State List of the Constitution of India except "public order" and "police", which will remain the preserve of the central Government of India. The Lieutenant Governor also has the power to promulgate ordinances which have the same force as the acts of the legislative assembly.[3]

Elections for the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly are to be held following the implementation of new constituency boundaries which is expected to be completed in 2021.[10]

JudicialEdit

The union territory is under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court, which also serves as high court for neighbouring Ladakh.[3][11] Police services are provided by the Jammu and Kashmir Police.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.livemint.com/news/india/new-dawn-for-j-k-begins-two-new-federal-units-take-shape-11572493040564.html
  2. ^ http://jammukashmir.nic.in/govt/cm.htm
  3. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Indian Express was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Javaid, Azaan (17 March 2020). "J&K has no chief minister but now has 'four ministers' — for home, power, revenue, Haj". ThePrint. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  5. ^ https://jkgad.nic.in/common/showOrder.aspx?actCode=O33244
  6. ^ https://jkgad.nic.in/leftMenu/AdviserToGovnment.aspx
  7. ^ "J&K to raise Rs 8,000 cr loans for funding infra projects". Business Standard India. PTI. 17 January 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Languishing projects become animated". Daily Excelsior. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  9. ^ Press Trust of India (4 December 2013). "Reduce J-K Assembly term to 5 years: BJP". Business Standard. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Jammu and Kashmir assembly election in 2021 after delimitation: EC sources". Zee News. 29 August 2019.
  11. ^ http://jkhighcourt.nic.in/
  12. ^ Ratan, Devesh; Johri, Iti (7 August 2019). "Salient Features Of Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Bill [Read Bill]". LiveLaw.in: All about law. Retrieved 7 August 2019.

External linksEdit