Gogolin

Gogolin [ɡɔˈɡɔlʲin] is a town in Poland, in Opole Voivodeship, in Krapkowice County. It has 6,682 inhabitants (2019).

Gogolin
Gogolin kopia.jpg
Flag of Gogolin
Flag
Coat of arms of Gogolin
Coat of arms
Gogolin is located in Poland
Gogolin
Gogolin
Coordinates: 50°29′17″N 18°1′26″E / 50.48806°N 18.02389°E / 50.48806; 18.02389Coordinates: 50°29′17″N 18°1′26″E / 50.48806°N 18.02389°E / 50.48806; 18.02389
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyKrapkowice
GminaGogolin
First mentioned1223
Town rights1967
Area
 • Total20.35 km2 (7.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total6,682
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47-320
Websitehttp://gogolin.pl

Geology and palaeontologyEdit

Gogolin gives its name to the Gogolin Formation whose strata were first exposed here.

HistoryEdit

Historic churches of Gogolin
Catholic Sacred Heart church
Lutheran Church

The oldest known mention of Gogolin, under its Old Polish name Gogolino, comes from a 1223 document of Wawrzyniec, bishop of Wrocław.[2] In the 19th century, the exploitation of local limestone deposits began on an industrial scale and first lime kilns were built.[2] Also a train station was built and Gogolin enjoyed railway connections with Opole, Kędzierzyn and Prudnik.[2] Heavy fights of the Silesian Uprising took place nearby in 1921.[2] During World War II the Germans established a forced labour camp for Poles and Jews[3] and two labour camps (E131 and E132) of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp at Łambinowice.[4] About 30 buildings were destroyed in the final stages of the war in 1945.[2]

A high school was established in 1948 and in 1967 Gogolin was granted town rights.[2]

The town is known for its old regional folk song Poszła Karolinka do Gogolina,[5] which is a symbol regional Polish traditions.[6] The song's characters of Karolinka and Karlik are depicted in the town's coat of arms, along with a lime kiln, alluding to the town's traditions.[6] There is also a monument of Karolinka and Karlik in the town centre.

PopulationEdit

Population in 1782–2005.[7]

Year Population
1783 312
1830 515
1844 790
1855 1,362
1861 1,533
1885 2,789
1900 3,218
Year Population
1910 3,280
1933 4,132
1939 5,073
1980 6,000
1995 6,635
2000 6,383
2005 6,045

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

See twin towns of Gmina Gogolin.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Atrakcje turystyczne". Urząd Miejski w Gogolinie (in Polish). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Obóz pracy - Zwangsarbeitslager Gogolin". Wirtualny Sztetl (in Polish). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Working Parties". Stalag VIIIB 344 Lamsdorf. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Poszła Karolinka do Gogolina". Urząd Miejski w Gogolinie (in Polish). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Herb i flaga miasta Gogolin". Urząd Miejski w Gogolinie (in Polish). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  7. ^ Population figures: 1784: [1] – 1830: [2] – 1844: [3] – 1855, 1861: [4] – 1885: [5] - 1900: [6] - 1910: [7] – 1933, 1939: [8] – 1995, 2000, 2005: [9]

External linksEdit