Godstone is a village and civil parish in Surrey, England, 6.3 miles (10.1 km) east of Reigate at the junction of the A22 and A25 roads, near the M25 motorway and the North Downs. Godstone railway station is separated from it by agricultural land. Blindley Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest, the Greensand Way and the North Downs Way all pass through areas of Godstone.
The pond at Godstone Green
|Area||18.06 km2 (6.97 sq mi)|
|Population||5,949 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||329/km2 (850/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
Oxted 3 miles (4.8 km) east is the administrative centre of its local government, Tandridge District. Westerham, Kent, is 6 miles (9.7 km) east. The county town of Guildford is 22 miles (35 km) due west and London is 18.1 miles (29.1 km) north.
The village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Tandridge hundred. It is built along a stretch of the London to Brighton Way Roman road, which comes through the high Caterham Gap and continues southward along Tilburstow Hill Road.
Godstone initially had a different name, Walkingstead, meaning 'Wolcen's place', from the Old English personal name Wolcen (related to modern English "welkin" meaning cloud") and stede "place, homestead", related to modern English stead. A record of the name from 932 as Wuulicinsted proves this. Another record, undated, shows the name as Wolinstede, suggesting the same etymology. In the Domesday Book of 1086, it was Wachelstede.
The name of the village was recorded in 1248 as Godeston, suggesting an etymology of the Old English personal name Goda and tun "farm, village", here in the sense "village" rather than "estate" considering the village size. Thus the suggested etymology is "Goda's farm". Goda was the daughter of Aethelred The Unready. She died in 1055 but the Domesday book of 1086 records the parish as being held by her husband, Count Eustace II of Boulogne.
Earlier records have the name listed as Cudeston (1153) and Codstune (1173) suggesting "farmstead of a man called Cōd" (pronounced as "code", not "cod"), as with the Cotswolds, meaning "high-forest land of a man called Cōd".
The heart of Godstone consists of two centres, Church Town and Godstone Green, linked by other neighbourhoods. Both are now conservation areas. Overall the long north-south parish covers 1,806 hectares (4,460 acres) and through its length of approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) the A22 road runs.
Church Town has old timber framed buildings. The Old Packhouse, dating from the 15th century, is the oldest timber framed building in the town. In the 18th Century, brick became the fashionable material for house building, and Church End and Church House, opposite the church, are two listed architectural examples.
St Nicholas Church dominates Church Town. James Evelyn of Fellbridge House built a memorial chapel in 1787, which has the tombs of Sir John and Lady Evelyn. The North aisle was built in about 1845. Sir George Gilbert Scott's restoration of the church in 1872-3 involved widening of the chancel arch, inserting a new north side to the chancel, new windows to the nave and east end, and adding the south aisle. The churchyard contains a notable sarsen stone marking the grave of Walker Miles whose work in the early days of the "Ramblers' movement" contributed to the formation of the Ramblers of Great Britain.
At the same time, Sir George Gilbert Scott designed St Mary's almshouses next to St Nicholas Church for Mrs Mabel Hunt of Wonham House, in memory of her only daughter who had died at the age of sixteen. Built in a Victorian Tudor/gothic style, they include eight self-contained houses, a wardens house and a beautiful little chapel, dedicated to St Mary. The flèch-capped chapel and the gables compose a very pretty hamlet.
Godstone Green became a busy centre of roads and vehicles during the growth of wheeled traffic in the 16th century, an era which spawned the establishment of Godstone's numerous inns. A number of houses built entirely of brick appeared in the 18th Century, notably the row in the High Street.
During the 19th Century, The Pond at Godstone Green was used as a horse-pond with a sloping bank down which the wagoners drove their horses.
In the very core of the village is a triangular island, which in Victorian times, was densely packed with a remarkable number of cottages intersected by alleys. It is claimed to have been the worst slum in Surrey, which is no longer the case, with each dwelling having been paid much care and attention.
The two parts of Godstone are linked by Bullbeggars Lane, a narrow road leading from the south of the village to the church, and the footpath running from the White Hart pub and its barn, along Bay Pond to Church Lane. The original village around St Nicholas Church was decimated during the great plague of 1342 with the victims being buried in two 'plague pits' in Bullbeggars Lane. Even in death, the sexes were kept separate; men and women were interred in separate pits. The road running past the church was at one time the main coastal road with the present village not being built until Tudor times. The Pack House featured in the Gracie Fields film 'Sing as you dance along', with Gracie dancing along the lane past the cottage which used to be an Inn.
South Godstone was originally known as Lagham and centred on the old mediæval moated manor house of Lagham, a scheduled ancient monument and Grade II* listed building. It also features a listed brew house, oast house and stable just north on its moat. It forms a neighbourhood buffered by countryside immediately north of Godstone railway station.
It has St Stephen's Church, St Stephen's C of E primary school, a garage, an RSPCA centre, several garden nurseries, a hairdresser, and a sports and social club. There is a pub opposite the railway station – originally named 'The Railway,' it has been renamed 'The Lagham' – serving Indian and Nepalese food. The Fox & Hounds on Tilburstow Hill is also a short walk away.
Blindley Heath is the southernmost portion of the parish, a hamlet separated by fields from the village of Godstone. The Blindley Heath Site of Special Scientific Interest is the best known example of a relict damp grassland on Weald Clay in Surrey and has several ponds and a stretch of the Ray Brook. It is also a Local Nature Reserve and is managed by the Surrey Wildlife Trust. There is an active C of E church to St John the Evangelist built in 1842.
This is a small parcel of land, tucked away in between Tilburstow Hill Road and Eastbourne Road, to the south of Godstone.
The name Enterdent alludes to a cluster of cottages on the land set in a wooded valley. The origin of the name, the Enterdent, has never been satisfactorily explained. It has previously been known as Lower and Upper Henterden and, in the 19th century, Polly Pains Bottom. It is perhaps the dene or valley between two hills.
The first two dwellings appeared in 1842, and improvements began on the cottages in 1857, now number 6 and 7 The Enterdent. These buildings were enlarged with an extension at the rear and five further cottages were added, making a row of seven. A second terrace of cottages, this time eight in number, appeared further up the valley.
Today, the fifteen original cottages have been converted to eight homes. The additional five cottages from the original terrace have since been converted into two larger properties, number 1 comprising three cottages, and number 5 comprising the remaining two. Numbers 6 and 7 still remain as individual cottages. At the entrance to the Enterdent, from Eastbourne Road, is a Georgian-style house, which was a tea room and a hotel from the 1920s to the 1940s. It has since been converted into two cottages, River Cottage and White Cottage.
Despite all the changes, the Enterdent has essentially remained relatively unaltered. The cottage gardens and vegetable allotments stand to this day, so too do the sandpit, the brook, the woods, and the bluebells.
Godstone Village School is in the Godstone Green neighbourhood of the village. It caters for children between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Orpheus Centre is an inclusive performing arts college for young adults with physical or learning disabilities, founded in 1998 by British entertainer and musician Richard Stilgoe in his former family home in the village. The CEO is Graham Whitehead. The college is overseen by a voluntary Board of eight, of which the Chairman is John Beer OBE.
Godstone Vineyards is a local wine producer selling wine from the premises on Quarry Road. There is a petting zoo and farm giving children an introduction to animals by the Vineyards, Godstone Farm.
Godstone is at the junction of the A22 and A25 long distance roads, the A22 is designated a trunk road by the Highways Agency, which leads to Eastbourne, East Sussex. Junction 6 of the M25 motorway is just to the north of the village, immediately south of this junction is the town's fire station. Godstone is also the traffic control centre for the southern M25.
The village is served by Godstone railway station on the Redhill–Tonbridge line which is located in the hamlet of South Godstone (which used to be known as Lagham), approximately 2 miles to the south of the village. The station is served by hourly train services between Redhill and Tonbridge.
Godstone is served by Metrobus route 400 and Southdown PSV routes 409 and 410. These services provide connections to Oxted, Selsdon, Redhill, Caterham, Gatwick Airport, East Grinstead and Crawley.
Godstone is the home of Godstone Football Club, whose first team currently play in Surrey South Eastern Combination (Intermediate). Three further senior sides compete in the Redhill and District Saturday and Sunday Football leagues.
There is also a parish council with 9 members.
Demography and housingEdit
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
2009 E. coli outbreakEdit
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- "G1NTW". www.users.zetnet.co.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- WCMS. "Wealden Cave & Mine Society : WCMS Archive". www.wcms.org.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- Jaques, J (1992) : "Bygone Godstone", Phillimore
- OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029769)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "South Godstone FC". South Godstone Football Club Ltd. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016.
- "Blindley Heath citation". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Map of Blindley Heath" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Blindley Heath". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Map of Blindley Heath". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Blindley Heath". Surrey Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Church of England "a church near you" website". Church of England. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Lotter, A (1988) "The Enterdent", Surrey Mirror, Thursday December 15, 1988, p.12
- "200 invalid-request". www.godstone.surrey.sch.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "The Orpheus Centre Trust - Home". The Orpheus Centre Trust. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Godstone Farm". godstonefarm.co.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Timetable 30: Tonbridge to Redhill" (PDF). Southern, December 2019.
- "Route 400: Caterham - East Grinstead" (PDF). Metrobus, September 2018.
- "Route 409: Selsdon to Godstone and East Grinstead". Southdown PSV, August 2020.
- "Route 410: Hurst Green and Oxted to Redhill". Southdown PSV, August 2020.
- Grid Reference Finder distance tools
- "Council Members". Tandridge District Council. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Godstone Farm admits E. coli outbreak liability". BBC News. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Godstone.|
- Godstone Parish Council website
- Godstone Village website
- Tandridge District Council - Godstone and South Godstone