Gods and Monsters (film)
Gods and Monsters is a 1998 period drama film that recounts the partly fictionalized last days of the life of film director James Whale, whose experience of war in World War I is a central theme. It stars Ian McKellen as Whale, along with Brendan Fraser, Lynn Redgrave, Lolita Davidovich and David Dukes. An international co-production between the United Kingdom and the United States, the film is written and directed by Bill Condon, based on Christopher Bram's 1995 novel Father of Frankenstein. The film is produced by Paul Colichman, Gregg Fienberg, and Mark R. Harris.
|Gods and Monsters|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Bill Condon|
|Produced by||Paul Colichman |
Mark R. Harris
|Screenplay by||Bill Condon|
|Based on||Father of Frankenstein|
by Christopher Bram
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
|Cinematography||Stephen M. Katz|
|Edited by||Virginia Katz|
|Distributed by||Lionsgate Films|
|Box office||$6.5 million|
Gods and Monsters won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, and was nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Ian McKellen) and Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Lynn Redgrave). The film features reconstructions of the production of the 1935 film Bride of Frankenstein, which Whale directed. The title Gods and Monsters is derived from a scene in Bride of Frankenstein, in which the character Dr. Pretorius toasts Dr. Frankenstein, "To a new world of gods and monsters!" The story has also been adapted as a play of the same name which premiered in London at the Southwark Playhouse in February 2015.
In the 1950s, James Whale, the director of Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein, has retired. Whale lives with his long-time housemaid, Hanna, who loyally cares for him but disapproves of his homosexuality. He has suffered a series of strokes that have left him fragile and tormented by memories: growing up as a poor outcast, his tragic World War I service, and the filming of Bride of Frankenstein. Whale slips into his past and indulges in his fantasies, reminiscing about gay pool parties and sexually teasing an embarrassed, starstruck fan. He battles depression, at times contemplating suicide, as he realizes his life, his attractiveness, and his health are slipping away.
Whale befriends his young, handsome gardener, Clayton Boone, and the two begin a sometimes uneasy friendship as Boone poses for Whale's sketches. The two men bond while discussing their lives and dealing with Whale's spells of disorientation and weakness from the strokes. Boone, impressed with Whale's fame, watches Bride of Frankenstein on television as his friends mock the movie, his friendship with Whale, and Whale's intentions.
Boone assures Whale that he is straight and receives Whale's assurance that there is no sexual interest, but Boone storms out when Whale graphically discusses his sexual history. Boone later returns with the agreement that no such "locker room" discussions occur again. Boone is invited to escort Whale to a party hosted by George Cukor for Princess Margaret. There, a photo op has been arranged for Whale with "his Monsters": Boris Karloff and Elsa Lanchester from "ancient" movie fame. This event exacerbates Whale's depression. A sudden rainstorm becomes an excuse to leave.
Back at Whale's home, Boone needs a dry change of clothes. Whale can only find a sweater, so Boone wears a towel wrapped around his waist. Whale decides to try to sketch Boone one more time. After some minutes, he shows his sketches to Boone, disclosing that he has lost his ability to draw. After Boone drops his towel to pose nude, Whale makes him wear a World War I gas mask and then uses the opportunity to make a sexual advance on Boone, kissing his shoulder. An enraged Boone attacks Whale, who confesses that this had been his plan and begs Boone to kill him to relieve him of his suffering. Boone refuses, puts Whale to bed, then sleeps downstairs. The next morning, Hanna is alarmed when she cannot find Whale, prompting a search by Boone and Hanna. Boone finds Whale floating dead in the pool as a distraught Hanna runs out, clutching a suicide note. Boone and Hanna agree that Boone should disappear from the scene to avoid a scandal.
A decade later, Boone and his young son, Michael, watch Bride of Frankenstein on television. The son is skeptical of his father's claim that he knew Whale, but Clayton produces a sketch of the Frankenstein monster drawn by Whale, and signed, "To Clayton. Friend?" "Friend?" being a plea from the original misfit, Frankenstein's monster, and disclosing Whale's true intentions.
- Ian McKellen as James Whale
- Brandon Kleyla as young James
- Kent George as 25-year-old James
- Brendan Fraser as Clayton Boone
- Lynn Redgrave as Hanna
- Lolita Davidovich as Betty
- David Dukes as David Lewis
- Kevin J. O'Connor as Harry
- Mark Kiely as Dwight
- Jack Plotnick as Edmund Kay
- Rosalind Ayres as Elsa Lanchester
- Jack Betts as Boris Karloff
- Matt McKenzie as Colin Clive
- Martin Ferrero as George Cukor
- Cornelia Hayes O'Herlihy as Princess Margaret
- Amir Aboulela as The Monster
- Marlon Braccia as Starlet Elizabeth Taylor
- Jesse James as Michael Boone
- Arthur Dignam as Ernest Thesiger (uncredited)
Gods and Monsters received positive reviews from critics, with McKellen's and Redgrave's performances singled out for particular praise. Time Out called it "not a complicated film, but warm and clever".
The film has a 95% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 63 reviews, with an average rating of 8.45/10. The site's critical consensus states: "Gods and Monsters is a spellbinding, confusing piece of semi-fiction, featuring fine performances; McKellen leads the way, but Redgrave and Fraser don't lag far behind." On Metacritic the film has a score of 74 out of 100, based on reviews from 32 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Real life basisEdit
James Whale did have several men (and women) pose nude for him, and some of these are shown in the making-of featurette. Several of his paintings were bought by a collector and loaned to the studio for the making of this film.
Whale did suffer from strokes towards the end of his life, which affected his mental abilities, and was found dead in his pool. There were rumours that this was a homicide, but the evidence only pointed at suicide. It is a matter of speculation if Whale had any assistance in his suicide.
Whale's household might have hired a male gardener, but what sort of relationship he had with his employer is in the realm of speculation. In the documentary included on the DVD and in interviews, novelist Christopher Bram explains that the character of Clayton Boone is completely fictitious.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|71st Academy Awards||Best Adapted Screenplay||Bill Condon||Won|
|Best Actor||Ian McKellen||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Lynn Redgrave||Nominated|
|52nd British Academy Film Awards||Best Supporting Actress||Nominated|
|56th Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture – Drama||Nominated|
|Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama||Ian McKellen||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Lynn Redgrave||Won|
- "Gods and Monsters (1998)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- "1998 Academy Awards". Info Please. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- "Gods and Monsters". Time Out. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011.
- Gods and Monsters at Rotten Tomatoes
- Gods and Monsters at Metacritic
- "James Whale — Directing "Horror" With Style". The Picture Showman. Archived from the original on March 10, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- "James Whale". Eric B Olsen. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- "Father of Frankenstein by Christopher Bram". KBOO FM. Retrieved March 7, 2009.