Glen Carbon, Illinois

Glen Carbon is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States, 19 miles (31 km) northeast of St. Louis. The population was 12,934 at the 2010 census.[3]

Glen Carbon
Glen Carbon, Illinois in May 2017
Glen Carbon, Illinois in May 2017
Location of Glen Carbon in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Glen Carbon in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°45′35″N 89°58′9″W / 38.75972°N 89.96917°W / 38.75972; -89.96917Coordinates: 38°45′35″N 89°58′9″W / 38.75972°N 89.96917°W / 38.75972; -89.96917
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyMadison
Founded1892
Government
 • MayorRobert Jackstadt
Area
 • Total10.23 sq mi (26.49 km2)
 • Land10.08 sq mi (26.10 km2)
 • Water0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total12,934
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
12,959
 • Density1,287.63/sq mi (497.17/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62034
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-29639
Wikimedia CommonsGlen Carbon, Illinois
Websitehttp://www.glen-carbon.il.us/

HistoryEdit

In 1801, Colonel Samuel Judy received a military grant for 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land near the base of the bluffs, just north of Judy Creek, and became one of the first permanent settlers of Madison County. The land was called Goshen Settlement, after the biblical land of Goshen.[4] It was renamed Glen Carbon to reflect its coal mining heritage. Glen Carbon was incorporated as a village in 1892.[5] It operated many coal mines until the last one shut down in 1934. Another industry was the St. Louis brick company, which burned down in the 1930s; then, right after being rebuilt, it burned down and was never rebuilt again.

Glen Carbon residents served during World War I. The city's Doughboy statue, honoring their service, has been selected as part of a national competition for restoration as part of the nation's World War I centennial activities.[6]

Three railroads once served Glen Carbon. The Illinois Central Railroad, now the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Bike Trail, became one of the first rails to trails projects in the US, in 1992. The other two lines were the Norfolk Southern line and the Chicago and North Western line, which ran parallel with each other the entire way through Glen Carbon, and stopped operating in Glen Carbon in March 2000. The Nickel Plate Bike Trail follows both of those right-of-ways, switching back and forth between the NS and CNW lines the whole way through Glen Carbon.

Heritage MuseumEdit

Originally built in 1914, this building began as School Street in what is considered "Old Town" Glen Carbon. [7]

Exhibits include:

  • Importance of the railroad and coal mines
  • Military memorabilia from Glen Carbon’s fighting men and women
  • Historical photographic collection
  • Baseball memorabilia
  • Doll collection
  • Arrowhead collection[8]

Yanda Log CabinEdit

The Yanda Log Cabin is a satellite addition to the Heritage museum.[9] In February 2017, the Yanda Log Cabin received a historical recognition plaque from the National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century organization.[10]

GeographyEdit

Glen Carbon is located at 38°45′35″N 89°58′9″W / 38.75972°N 89.96917°W / 38.75972; -89.96917 (38.759801, -89.969204).[11]

According to the 2010 census, Glen Carbon has a total area of 10.188 square miles (26.39 km2), of which 10.04 square miles (26.00 km2) (or 98.55%) is land and 0.148 square miles (0.38 km2) (or 1.45%) is water.[12]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19001,348
19101,220−9.5%
19201,3238.4%
19301,3401.3%
19401,091−18.6%
19501,1767.8%
19601,2415.5%
19701,89752.9%
19805,197174.0%
19907,73148.8%
200010,42534.8%
201012,93424.1%
Est. 201812,959[2]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 10,425 people, 4,011 households, and 2,815 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,405.5 people per square mile (542.5/km²). There were 4,236 housing units at an average density of 571.1 per square mile (220.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.09% White, 6.96% African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.

There were 4,011 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the village, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $55,841, and the median income for a family was $72,182. Males had a median income of $50,086 versus $31,689 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,374. About 3.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreationEdit

The Village of Glen Carbon operates three parks and the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Trail, an 11-mile (18 km) trail dedicated to the former mayor in 1991. It follows the old Illinois Central Railroad right-of-way that once served Glen Carbon.

Miner ParkEdit

Miner Park is located in the Old Town section. The entrance to the park is located between the American Legion Post and the Glen Carbon Centennial Library. This is the main park in Glen Carbon, with direct access to the Nickel Plate Bike Trail, a 15-mile (24 km) trail that follows the old Chicago & North Western and Norfolk Southern rights-of-way. The CNW & NS Railroads served Glen Carbon until March 2000.

The facilities available are:

Schon ParkEdit

Schon Park is the newest park in Glen Carbon, Illinois. Originally open in 2013, with pavilions, benches, a walking trail and pond within its limits.[15] The park sits on 36-acres of land, across from St. Cecelia Church and Village Hall on Glen Carbon Road. The ground breaking for the second phase of the park was on May 25th, 2018[16]. The second phase construction will include the building of concrete paths, parking lot, underground utilities, a restroom facility and playground[16]. The final plan for the park includes bicycle and walking trails, a baseball diamond, batting cages, basketball and tennis courts, splash pad, toddler playground and a concession stand[17]. Donations for the park and more information is provided on their website www.makeschonparkshine.com.

Facilities:

  • Playground
  • Restroom Facility
  • Bicycle and walking trails
  • Parking Area
  • Access to Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Trail

Village Hall ParkEdit

Village Hall Park is a 3-acre (12,000 m2) facility located directly behind the Village Hall at 151 North Main Street. This park is the main sporting and recreational complex in Glen Carbon.

Facilities:

  • Tennis courts
  • Lighted baseball field
  • Concession stand
  • Comfort stations
  • Little folks playground
  • Sheltered pavilions

Citizen ParkEdit

Citizen Park was formally located behind Fire Station #1 and off Main Street in Old Town. It serves as the construction site to the new Fire Station #1. Groundbreaking ceremony took place on September 18th, 2018. [18] Entrance to the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Trail remains open and available.

Glen Carbon Centennial LibraryEdit

In 2002 village residents passed a 2.6 million dollar bond issue to build a new library. After nearly two years of construction, the library opened its 14,000 square foot facility on October 4, 2004, located on Main Street adjacent to the town’s historic covered bridge. The library was featured in the Spring 2006 ILA Reporter article highlighting innovative library buildings and was awarded the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Library Journal’s Best Small Library in America 2010.

EducationEdit

Glen Carbon is served by the Edwardsville Community Unit District 7 School System of elementary, middle and high school education. It is one of the top-rated school districts in Illinois,[19] educating students since 1864.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Glen Carbon village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  4. ^ "The Goshen Settlement and Samuel Judy". Lib.niu.edu.
  5. ^ Norton, William T. (1912). Centennial History of Madison County, Illinois, and Its People, 1812 to 1912. The Lewis Publishing Co. p. 618.
  6. ^ Pratt, Gregory. "For WWI centennial, six Illinois memorials to get restoration funds". Chicagotribune.com.
  7. ^ "Heritage Museum | Glen Carbon, IL - Official Website". Glen-carbon.il.us.
  8. ^ "Visit Your Favorite Museum for Free on Museum Day | Museum Day". Smithsonianmag.com.
  9. ^ "Yanda Log Cabin". Illinoisroute66.org.
  10. ^ "Yanda Log Cabin receives recognition". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. February 18, 2017.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ "Parks | Glen Carbon, IL - Official Website". Glen-carbon.il.us.
  16. ^ a b "Schon Park groundbreaking set". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. May 18, 2018.
  17. ^ "Park Plans - Make Schon Park Shine! - Glen Carbon, Illinois". Makeschonparkshine.com.
  18. ^ Sommerhof, John (September 19, 2018). "Ground broken for new Glen Carbon fire station". The Edwardsville Intelligencer.
  19. ^ Crawford, Amy,Edwardsville School District 7 National Ranking, USA.com. Retrieved 2012-10-08.

External linksEdit