Gioia del Colle

Gioia del Colle (pronounced [ˈdʒɔːja del ˈkɔlle]; Barese: Sciò) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy. The town is located on the Murge plateau at 360 metres (1,180 ft) above sea level. Between Adriatic and Ionian Sea.

Gioia del Colle
Comune di Gioia del Colle
Location of Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle is located in Italy
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle
Location of Gioia del Colle in Italy
Gioia del Colle is located in Apulia
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°48′N 16°56′E / 40.800°N 16.933°E / 40.800; 16.933Coordinates: 40°48′N 16°56′E / 40.800°N 16.933°E / 40.800; 16.933
CountryItaly
Region Apulia
Metropolitan cityBari (BA)
FrazioniColonia Hanseniana, Corvello, La Torre, Casino Eramo e Marzagaglia, Monte Sannace, Montursi, Murgia, Santa Candida, Terzi, Villaggio Azzurro
Government
 • MayorDonato Lucilla
Area
 • Total206.48 km2 (79.72 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2015)[3]
 • Total27,923
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gioiesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
70023
Dialing code080
ISTAT code072021
Patron saintSaint Philip Neri
Saint day26 May
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

The earliest evidence of human settlement in the area now known as Gioia del Colle dates back to the 9th century BC. Archaeological excavations have revealed that at that time a Peucetian village was located in the area of Monte Sannace, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) from Gioia). Monte Sannace site, 5 km away from the town in the direction of Turi, has been the subject of archaeological excavations since 1957 by the Superintendency of Antiquities in Apulia and Matera. The excavations, completed in 1961, have brought to light a settlement of the ancient Peucetian village dating back to the 9th century BC and which continues, with brief interruptions, until the Hellenistic-Roman period (approximately until the first century AD). The archaeological park includes some sections of the defensive circuits and the north gate, in addition to a good part of the town, numerous tombs and several buildings of the acropolis. The archaeological area is located at 4.5 kilometres from the provincial road "Gioia del Colle - Turi" (SP 61). The finds from the excavations are preserved in the National Archaeological Museum [it] located inside the Norman-Swabian Castle [it].

The current town developed around an old Byzantine fortress. The placename, in fact, seems to derive from Joha, short for the surname Joannakis, a Byzantine family living in the area during the Middle Ages. However, there are many theories regarding the origin of this placename. One of the most famous local legends has it that Princess Bianca Lancia irretrievably lost all her jewels there, after being supposedly confined in the Castle of Gioia del Colle during her pregnancy with her son Manfred of Sicily under the suspicion of having been unfaithful to Frederick II.

The town grew further in the 12th century, during the time of Norman Count Richard of Hauteville, who built the castle. In the 13th century the fief was under the rule of Frederick II of Swabia, who rebuilt the castle.

Gioia del Colle was part of the principality of Taranto and a fief of the princes De Mari of Acquaviva delle Fonti until the abolition of feudalism.

Main sightsEdit

CastleEdit

The Castle of Gioia del Colle was built in the 12th century, during the time of Norman Count Riccardo Siniscalco d'Altavilla, the first tenant of the fief. Destroyed by William I of Sicily, the castle was rebuilt in 1230 by Emperor Frederick II after his return from the Crusades. The castle was then completed by the Angevins, who created windows in the curtain wall.

According to Bonaventura da Lama (who quoted the historian Pantaleo) Bianca Lancia was confined in this castle while pregnant with Manfred of Sicily, on suspicion of having been unfaithful to Frederick II. In fact, on the wall of a cell (which is likely to have been the princess') are carved shapes, which, according to a local legend, are intended to represent her breasts, which she cut off in pain at being so humiliated. After giving birth, she sent the alleged illegitimate child to the emperor on a silver platter together with her breasts.

The later owners between 1600 and 1800 (the Acquaviva d'Aragona family, the De Mari and Donna Maria Emanuela Caracciolo) changed the castle appearance into a residential one.

Others sightsEdit

  • Mother church (chiesa madre), built in the late 11th century and initially dedicated to St. Peter. In 1764 it was destroyed by a fire, and rebuilt in the current Baroque style.
  • Arches in the historical center.
  • Boschi Romanazzi, a natural preserve managed by WWF Italia.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Gioia del Colle is centred on agriculture, dairy farming and commerce. The town is famous for its Fior di latte mozzarella and its Gioia del Colle Primitivo wine.

Red, white, rose, sweet dolce and fortified liquoroso wines are permitted in the Italian wine DOC of the area. Red and rose wine grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 12 tonnes/ha while white wine grapes are limited to a yield of 13 tonnes/ha. The reds and roses are a blend of 50-60% Primitivo, a 40-50% blend component of Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Negroamaro and Malvasia (with Malvasia being further limited to a 10% maximum). The whites are composed of 50-70% Trebbiano with other permitted local grape varieties, such as Pampanuto, making up the remainder. A varietal Primitivo wine is permitted, provided the wine is 100% composed of the grape with yields limited to 8 tonnes/ha and a minimum alcohol level of 13%. The dolce wine of the area is composed of at least 85% Aleatico with a 15% maximum blend component of Malvasia, Negroamaro and Primitivo making up the rest. The grapes must also be limited to a harvest yield of 8 tonnes/ha and have a minimum alcohol level of 15%. The liquoroso version must have a minimum alcohol of 18.5%.[4]

CultureEdit

CinemaEdit

In addition to being the birthplace of Ricciotto Canudo, who fuelled the debate about the art of the cinema during his stay in Paris, Gioia del Colle has been the location of filming of three films, in different periods:

MusicEdit

The Banda di Gioia del Colle directed by Maestro Paolo Falcicchio has won prestigious awards throughout Italy, such as the Venice International Competition in 1924 and the Professional Competition in Rome in 1929.
Gioia del Colle was the birthplace of the well-known band Il Fungo Cinese (1967), which accompanied artists such as Patty Pravo, Caterina Caselli and Jimmy Fontana.
Mario Rosini came from Gioia del Colle, finishing second at the Sanremo festival in 2004 with the song Sei la vita mia.
Two bands from Gioia del Colle have trod the stage of the Sziget Festival in Budapest: C.F.F. e il Nomade Venerabile (2005), The Carving (2006).
The documentary on the history of music by Gioia del Colle Rockerella has been available on YouTube since 2017.

EventsEdit

PeopleEdit

 
Monument to Sergeant Romano.

TransportationEdit

Gioia del Colle Air Base hosts the 36th Italian Air Force Wing.

TriviaEdit

Twin townsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Population from ISTAT
  4. ^ P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 167 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X
  5. ^ Alfonso Marrese. Apulia Film Commission.
  6. ^ ironic video of the historical interpretation of Claudio Villa (YouTube)

External linksEdit