Gilgit-Baltistan United Movement

The Gilgit-Baltistan United Movement (GBUM) is a political movement of Gilgit-Baltistan based in Skardu, Pakistan. It demands a fully autonomous state consisting of Gilgit and Baltistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas.[1]

Gilgit-Baltistan United Movement
ChairpersonManzoor Hussain Parwana
General SecretaryGhulam Shehzad Agha
FounderManzoor Hussain Parwana
HeadquartersSkardu Baltistan
IdeologyAutonomous Gilgit Baltistan

The GBUM states that the Gilgit-Baltistan regions, formerly known as the Northern Areas, should be denoted "Gilgit-Baltistan" and that the Northern Areas Legislative Council should be given the status of an "Independent Constitutional Assembly" and given similar rights granted to the existing Azad Kashmir Legislative Assembly.[2]

Claim to recover a past independenceEdit

According to the GBUM, the region enjoyed a brief period of independence between November 1, 1947, when the suzerainty of the Dogra rulers of the Kashmir princely state ceased to exist, and November 16, 1947, when the Pakistani tribal forces and Pakistani Army soldiers invaded the region.[3][4] According to British Major William Brown, there was a secret plan among the Gilgit Scouts to set up a "Republic of Gilgit-Astor" when they ousted the armed forces of the Maharajah of Kashmir's armed forces on November 1, 1947.[5]

Gilgit–Baltistan National Alliance (GBNA)Edit

Before the GBUM, there was a Gilgit-Baltistan National Alliance (GBNA), promoting the same claims, together with the Balawaristan National Front (claiming the independence of a larger political entity, Balawaristan).[6]


  1. ^ Gilgit-Baltistan leaders reject Musharraf's empowerment package, Asian News International, November 2, 2007
  2. ^ "Gilgit Baltistan United Movement (GBUM) Letter to Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, October 12, 2006". Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  3. ^ Sarwar Kashani, Gilgit leaders call official Independence Day a 'joke', Indo-Asian News Service (IANS), Wednesday November 21, 2007
  4. ^ Manzoor Hussain Parwana, Gilgit Baltistan a saga of Pakistani Colonisation Indo-Asian News Service, June 27, 2007
  5. ^ Schofield, Victoria (2003). Kashmir in conflict: India, Pakistan and the unending war. I.B.Tauris. p. 297. ISBN 978-1-86064-898-4.
  6. ^ UN asked to intervene on constitutional status for NAs, Daily Times (Pakistan), Sunday, November 02, 2003

External linksEdit