Giga Berlin

Tesla Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg (also known as Gigafactory Berlin, Gigafactory 4 or Gigafactory Europe)[1] is a European manufacturing plant for Tesla, Inc. under construction in Grünheide, Germany.[2][3][4][5] The campus is 35 kilometres (20 mi) south-east of central Berlin on the Berlin–Wrocław railway, which forms the north border of the site between Erkner station and Fangschleuse railway station; and the A10 motorway, which forms the west border.[not verified in body][original research?][6][7]

Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg
Site of the future Tesla factory in Grünheide, on the left edge of the Berliner Ring, on the right the business park Freienbrink
BuiltJuly 2021 (July 2021)
LocationGrünheide, Brandenburg, Germany
Coordinates52°24′N 13°48′E / 52.4°N 13.8°E / 52.4; 13.8Coordinates: 52°24′N 13°48′E / 52.4°N 13.8°E / 52.4; 13.8
ProductsElectric vehicle, Vehicle parts, Lithium-ion batteries
Owner(s)Tesla Inc.
Freienbrink industrial estate and construction site in April 2020
Grünheide, Tesla construction site in the background

The facility and its Berlin location were announced by Tesla CEO Elon Musk in November 2019 at the Das Goldene Lenkrad award show. The factory is planned to produce batteries, battery packs and powertrains for use in Tesla vehicles, and also assemble the Tesla Model Y, with a proposed start of production in late 2021.[8][3] Construction work had begun by June 2020 with site preparation and foundation work underway.[9]

According to a January 2020 publication by the local environmental agency, the factory is expected to begin operations in July 2021.[10]

As of May 2020 Tesla design/development offices would be constructed inside the Schöneberg Gasometer [de] structure, sited within the EUREF-Campus Berlin [de] at Berlin-Schöneberg station.[11]


Initial discussion of a Tesla gigafactory in Europe occurred as early as 2015.[12] The factory was then thought to be a combined electric battery manufacturing facility and automobile factory.[13][14] In 2016, Tesla was anticipating to announce the factory in 2017.[15][16]

The factory had earlier been occasionally referred to as "Gigafactory 2" prior to 22 February 2017, when Tesla began to refer to the SolarCity Gigafactory in Buffalo, New York as Gigafactory 2. By 2017, the Europe Gigafactory was expected to be named either Gigafactory 4 or 5.[17][18] In November 2019, it became Gigafactory 4[19] and then Giga Berlin.

More than ten European countries had campaigned to have the factory located within their jurisdictions.[20][21]

There was intense competition among European countries to host the Gigafactory because of its expected significant contribution to the economy. The sprawling facility, which is expected to be one of the largest manufacturing lines in Europe, will need a considerable number of employees despite many highly automated processes. There is also a concerted effort in the region to encourage battery manufacturing since it is viewed as a strategic economic measure due to an increasing global transition towards renewable energy.[44] A 2018 report revealed, for instance, that the world will need at least 25 more gigafactories by 2025.[45] The projected uptick in demand for electric cars and in-home power storage systems is causing concern about a European fuel dependency on Asia, which, as of early 2018, accounted for 88 percent of global battery manufacturing capacity.[46] By 2018, European governments were providing subsidies and incentives to companies like Tesla as well as local battery manufacturing startups like Northvolt and TerraE to build production infrastructure within its borders.[47] According to Matthias Machnig, state secretary at the German economy ministry:

We are in the center of the biggest and deepest change in the automotive industry since its beginning. We would be naïve to think we can handle battery technology as a commodity that can be bought anywhere in the world.[46]

On 12 November 2019, the selection of the Berlin location for the Gigafactory 4 facility was officially announced by Tesla CEO Elon Musk on at the Das Goldene Lenkrad award show, held in Berlin. Giga Berlin is expected to produce batteries, battery packs and powertrains for use in Tesla vehicles. It will also do assembly of the Tesla Model Y, which had been previously announced for Gigafactory 4 in March 2019. Construction of the facility was then planned begin in early 2020, with a proposed start of production in late 2021.[8][3] Musk also announced the establishment of a new design and development centre in nearby Berlin.[48]

By February 2020, environmental challenges had been cleared in court decisions which allowed vegetation on the site to begin being cleared.[49]

Construction work had begun by June 2020 with initial foundation work underway, the set up of the first four construction cranes, and the beginning of the arrival of trainloads of building materials including pillars and beams.[9]

Gigafactory Berlin descriptionEdit

Gigafactory Berlin will manufacture batteries, battery packs, powertrains and seats with work including casting, stamping, painting, drivetrain assembly and final assembly of Model 3, Model Y and future models with an annual capacity eventually reaching 500,000 cars.[10][50] Initial production will be of the Tesla Model Y.[51][3] The expected cost for the factory is around €4 billion.[52]

Site descriptionEdit

Extending North from the 1 km2 "GVZ Freienbrink" logistics centre,[53][54][55] the site is an undevelopedkm2 designated industrial zone.[56] It was planned as a location for a BMW car factory around the year 2000, but BMW chose Saxony instead.[57] Much larger pine plantations in a landscape-scale conservation[58] surrounds Freienbrink. A state-owned man-made forest of low-quality monoculture harvest-ready planted pine[59][60] trees occupies the site, and authorities expect Tesla to mitigate felling by planting new trees of more diverse variety.[61][62][63] Old ordnance complicates site clearing,[64][65] and seven bombs (85 kg total) were disposed in a controlled explosion on January 26.[66]

The site also interrupts the route of the Old Postal Road (Alte Poststraße)[67]

Purchase contract on the land was expected to be completed in December 2019.[68] In December 2019, Tesla clarified an expected European Gigafactory production rate of approximately 500,000 vehicles per year.[69][70] Tesla was to pay €13.50 per square metre for the 300-hectare (740-acre) site, to the sum of ~€41 million.[71] In January 2020 German media reported that Tesla had approved the contract to buy the land for €41 million;[72][73] Tesla signed the contract and the state notarized the contract on January 29.[74]

The environment report indicates that the ground is valley sand, and contains some pollution with heavy metals.[75]

In July 2020, Elon Musk tweeted a picture of what the Berlin Gigafactory would look like.


The current water supply (from Strausberg-Erkner) is sufficient for the first phase of a quarter million cars, but the second (to half a million cars) and third (to 3/4 million cars) phases need further water supply.[62] Water purification is to be supplied by distillation and reverse osmosis.[76] Additional facilities will include a waste water treatment plant with a capacity of 252 m3/h, a central supply building, an area for in- and outgoing deliveries (rail and truck) as well as employee parking lots.[10][77]

Some of the reasons for choosing Brandenburg were that the industrial site is expandable, the state has the highest production of green power per citizen in Germany, and there are qualified workers in the area.[78]

Site concernsEdit

The project is subject to a number of concerns, including potential impacts to the water supply and local wildlife, and about proper wastewater disposal.[79] Among the forest residents are reptiles, ants and birds which must be relocated before felling. There may be an endangered species of bat ;[80] the district forester who planted trees says the bats prefer trees older than 80 years to roost in them.[59]

A group of neighbouring municipalities formed in December 2019 to handle issues like traffic, infrastructure and residential developments.[81]

Unexploded WWII-era bombs (some American) are commonly found in German ground, and 85 kg were disposed at the site in January 2020.[66][82][83]

On 9 April 2020, Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten (also known as The PNN) reported the soil in the foundation area is sandy, therefore requiring a different type of foundation than what was planned. According to the report, the changes aren't simple. Tesla will need to update their application with the local government, probably requiring a public hearing.[84] [85][needs update]

On 15 October 2020, Associated Press reported that the German utility company WSE was shutting off water to the construction site due to unpaid bills.[86] The bill was paid and the water restored the next day.[87]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (2020-01-25). "Going with nomenclature of Giga [most widely understood location name] vs Giga #, so Giga Shanghai, Giga Nevada, Giga New York & Giga Berlin" (Tweet). Retrieved 2020-01-26 – via Twitter.
  2. ^ Sandra, Enkhardt (13 November 2019). "Tesla approves purchase contract for European Gigafactory, just outside of Berlin". PV Magazine. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d Lambert, Fred (13 November 2019). "Tesla to focus on Model Y, batteries, and powertrains at Gigafactory 4 in Europe". Electrek. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Elon Musk will Tesla-Werk in Brandenburg bauen". (in German). 12 November 2019. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019. Lay summary. , in English
  5. ^ Kane, Mark (2020-06-19). "Tesla Giga Berlin Construction Progress: June 18, 2020". Retrieved 2020-07-10.
  6. ^ Spannagel, Lars (26 November 2019). "Wie Tesla Grünheide träumen lässt". (in German). Archived from the original on 2019-11-16. The property on which Tesla wants to build begins right next to the train station, around 300 hectares, logistically perfectly located between the motorway and the train route
  7. ^ Balser, Markus; Hägler, Max; Heidtmann, Jan; Kunkel, Christina (14 November 2019). "Tesla: Eine Gigafactory für Brandenburg". Sü (in German). Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. the railway line from Berlin to Frankfurt an der Oder crosses with the Berliner Ring. 30 people had negotiated for six months, "that is a huge number for Brandenburg". The decisive factor, however, was that "we are the leaders in the supply of renewable energies," said Woidke
  8. ^ a b Morgan, Sam (13 November 2019). "Tesla chooses Berlin for European gigafactory". euractiv. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b Tesla Giga Berlin’s building structure is about to begin construction, 26 June 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "Errichtung und Betrieb einer Anlage für den Bau und die Montage von Elektrofahrzeugen mit einer Kapazität von jeweils 100.000 Stück oder mehr je Jahr am Standort 15537 Grünheide (Mark)" [Construction and Operation of a Facility for the Making and Assembly of Electric Vehicles with a Yearly Capacity of 100.000 Units or More at Location 15537 Grünheide (Mark)] (PDF) (in German). Potsdam: Landesamtes für Umwelt. 2020-01-03. p. 3. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  11. ^ Frese, Alfons (2020-05-27). "Entwicklungszentrum im Gasometer: Tesla kommt nach Berlin" [Development centre in the Gasometer: Tesla comes to Berlin]. Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-27. Gasometer auf dem Euref-Campus in Schöneberg untergebracht werden … Tesla möchte sein Design- und Entwicklungszentrum in dem rund 80 Meter hohen Gasometer unterbringen … zwei Unternehmen von außerhalb Berlins als Mieter für den Gasometer in Betracht, "beide Mobilitätsanbieter" … den zugebauten Gasometer mit bis zu 2000 Arbeitsplätzen oberhalb eines Kongresszentrums im Erdgeschoss
  12. ^ a b Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki (2015-11-17). "Tesla Motors in Discussion with German Government Over European Gigafactory, Says German Politician". Archived from the original on 2016-05-19. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  13. ^ Gibbs, Samuel (2016-11-08). "Tesla announces new gigafactory in European expansion". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  14. ^ Elon Musk opens the Tesla Gigafactory. Tesla. 2016-07-29. Archived from the original on 2016-11-20. Retrieved 2017-01-09 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ Fred Lambert (2016-11-08). "Tesla plans to choose location for 'Gigafactory 2' in Europe next year, will produce both batteries and cars". Electrek. Archived from the original on 2017-08-12. Retrieved 2016-12-17.
  16. ^ Beckwith, Jimi (2016-11-09). "Tesla to build European Gigafactory". UK: Autocar. Archived from the original on 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
  17. ^ Tesla christens Buffalo solar factory ‘Gigafactory 2’, will finalize locations of Gigafactory 3, 4 and possibly 5 this year Archived 2017-02-23 at the Wayback Machine, Electrek, 22 Feb 2017
  18. ^ "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Inc. Palo Alto. 2017-02-22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  19. ^ "Elon Musk: Tesla is going to build Gigafactory 4 in Berlin area". Electrek. 2019-11-12. Archived from the original on 12 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  20. ^ "World's Nations Jockeying To Get Next Tesla Gigafactory (Videos)". CleanTechnica. 2016-12-05. Archived from the original on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  21. ^ a b Dom Galeon (2016-12-01). "The World's Nations Are Fighting Over Tesla". Archived from the original on 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-17.
  22. ^ Alyssa Newcomb (2016-04-06). "France Courts Tesla With Idea of Turning Old Nuclear Plant Into a Factory". ABC News (USA). Archived from the original on 2018-11-30. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  23. ^ "Fessenheim: Royal suggère la mutation de la centrale en usine Tesla" [Fessenheim: Royal suggests mutation of factory plant Tesla] (in French). France: LCP National Assembly. 2016-04-05. Archived from the original on 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  24. ^ Alsace is ready for Tesla. BlackBlitz. 2016-03-08. Archived from the original on 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-01-09 – via YouTube.
  25. ^ Marie Mawad and Helene Fouquet (2017-01-06). "France's Economy Minister Visits Tesla in Bid to Woo Musk". Archived from the original on 2017-01-07. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  26. ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-08). "The race to get 'Tesla Gigafactory 2' heats up, French Minister visits Fremont factory". Electrek. Archived from the original on 2017-01-09. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  27. ^ "Minister Kamp: 'Nieuwe Tesla-fabriek moet in Nederland komen'" [Secretary Kamp: New Tesla-plant should come to the Netherlands]. (in Dutch). 2016-11-29. Archived from the original on 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
  28. ^ Campbell, Angela (2017-01-12). "Tesla Motors Inc (TSLA) Looks At Three New Dutch Suitors For Gigafactory 2". The Country Caller. Archived from the original on 2017-01-27. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  29. ^ "Kabinet gaat zich sterk maken voor binnenhalen Tesla-fabriek" [Cabinet will make a case for getting the Tesla factory]. NU (in Dutch). Netherlands. 2016-11-29. Archived from the original on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  30. ^ Webb, Russell Adam (2016-11-17). "New Tesla Gigafactory Looks At Prague, Czech Republic". Archived from the original on 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2016-11-29. Some sources close to TSI have revealed that whilst nothing has been set in stone, there is a high chance of Tesla locating its new Gigafactory just north of Prague, Czech Republic.
  31. ^ "Tesla-Fabrik in Aussicht, Standort gesucht". Archived from the original on 2019-11-21.
  32. ^ Carneiro, José (2016-11-15). "España y Portugal batallan por la futura "gigafactoría" de Tesla en Europa" [Spain and Portugal battle over Tesla's future European "Gigafactory"]. (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  33. ^ "Tesla in talks over 'giga-factory' in Portugal". New Algarve Daily News. 2016-11-18. Archived from the original on 2018-12-18. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  34. ^ "Mineral Commidty Summaries 2017" (PDF). p. 105. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  35. ^ Hanley, Steve (2016-05-30). "'Spain Loves Tesla' campaign aims to lure Tesla Factory". Archived from the original on 2017-02-04. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  36. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-29). "Tesla Gigafactory 2: several countries launch efforts to attract Tesla's new electric car & battery plant". Archived from the original on 2017-02-05. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  37. ^ "Why one Finnish city thinks it's ideal for next Tesla Gigafactory". Green Car Reports. 2016-12-06. Archived from the original on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  38. ^ "Vaasa has the vision and the ecosystem for a gigafactory, and much more". Archived from the original on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  39. ^ "Ministry: Vaasa competing for Tesla Gigafactory in Finland". Yle Uutiset. 2017-01-26. Archived from the original on 2017-01-29. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  40. ^ "Tesla on Twitter". Twitter. Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  41. ^ Gigafactory LT (2017-02-02), Minecraft Tesla Gigafactory in Lithuania, archived from the original on 2017-02-04, retrieved 2017-02-04
  42. ^
  43. ^ "Estonia Makes Bid For Next Tesla Gigafactory - "If Tesla were a country, it would probably be Estonia."". 2017-04-12. Archived from the original on 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  44. ^ "Elon Musk's former employee is building a European rival to Tesla's gigafactory". Futurism. 2018-02-15. Archived from the original on 2018-06-08. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  45. ^ "World will need 'at least' 10 more EV battery gigafactories by 2025". May 30, 2018. Archived from the original on October 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  46. ^ a b "Europe powers up in battery contest with Asia". POLITICO. 2018-02-12. Archived from the original on 2018-06-09. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  47. ^ "Europe's plan to create its own Gigafactory might backfire". Handelsblatt Global Edition. 2018-02-13. Archived from the original on 2018-10-07. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  48. ^ Metzner, Thorsten (13 November 2019). "Gigafactory von Tesla soll 10.000 Jobs bringen: Elon Musk plant neues Werk bei Berlin" (in German). Tagesspiegel. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  49. ^
  50. ^ "Tesla schrumpft sein deutsches Autowerk". Bild. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  51. ^ Will build batteries, powertrains & vehicles, starting with Model Y Archived 2019-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, Elon Musk, 12 November 2019, accessed 13 November 2019.
  52. ^ Staudenmaier, Rebecca (17 November 2019). "Tesla factory outside Berlin to cost €4 billion". DW.COM. Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 19 November 2019. Permalink
  53. ^ "Grünheide (Mark) - GVZ Freienbrink". (in German). Archived from the original on 2019-11-13. 96+300 hectares
  54. ^ Moetsch, Matthias (11 December 2019). "Tesla zieht nach Grünheide: Wir sind die neuen Nachbarn von Elon Musk". (in German). Archived from the original on 14 December 2019.
  55. ^ Lambert, Fred (12 December 2019). "Tesla Gigafactory 4 leaked plans reveal room for expansion". Electrek.
  56. ^ "Grünheide (Mark) - Tesla-Gigafactory in Grünheide (Mark) | Freienbrink". 15 November 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-11-20. built on a 300 hectare lot in the industrial park Freienbrink
  57. ^ "Bebauungsplan Nr. 13 "Freienbrink - Nord" Gemeinde Grünheide" (PDF). Freie Planungsgruppe Berlin GmbH. May 2002. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-04-04. Size and type of use: 300 hectares industrial zone
  58. ^ "Müggelspree-Löcknitzer Wald- Und Seengebiet". Protected Planet. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  59. ^ a b Croyé, Melanie (11 January 2020). "Freienbrink: Alles weg für Tesla". Die Zeit (in German). Archived from the original on 2020-01-11. The forest has a history with many contaminated sites, there is an old anti-aircraft position of the Wehrmacht, heaps of bombs and ammunition remains. During GDR times, the National People's Army used the site as a storage space, huge halls stood here. That is why so many people are out and about in the forest these days: four explosives companies have sent their employees to comb through the huge forest. Only when all weapon remains have been removed can trees be felled. An old illegal dump must also be removed
  60. ^ Diehr, Annemarie (15 November 2019). "Tesla: Giga-Fabrik verdrängt Nadelbäume in Grünheide". (in German). Archived from the original on 2020-01-22.
  61. ^ Croyé, Melanie (13 November 2019). "Tesla in Grünheide: "Jetzt sind wir endlich dran"". Die Zeit (in German). Archived from the original on 2019-11-13. The place is already dominated by an industrial area, the GVZ Freienbrink. The Edeka regional central warehouse is located there, and several other companies, especially logistics companies, are already taking advantage of the practical location on the eastern Berliner Ring. worst quality forest
  62. ^ a b Thiessen, Ulrich (13 December 2019). "Wirtschaft: Land kauft mit Tesla-Erlös neuen Wald". (in German). Lausitzer Rundschau. The state forestry company is in negotiations to sell 300 hectares of forest in Grünheide to Tesla
  63. ^ Nicola, Stefan (17 January 2020). "Inside Tesla's Attack on Germany's Auto Establishment". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 2020-01-18. “The forest is classified as a harvest-ready, inferior pine forest,” Christiani said. “It was never supposed to be a rain forest.”
  64. ^ "Brandenburgs Ministerpräsident Woidke hält Zeitplan für Tesla-Fabrik für ambitioniert - aber machbar". MAZ - Märkische Allgemeine (in German).
  65. ^ "Vorbereitung für Tesla-Gigafactory in Brandenburg laufen". (in German). 19 December 2019.
  66. ^ a b "Weltkriegsbomben auf Tesla-Gelände gesprengt". (in German). 26 January 2020. English translation
  67. ^ "Alte Poststraße Tesla Gigafactory 4". Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  68. ^ Alvarez, Simon (2019-12-05). "Tesla Gigafactory 4 purchase contract could be completed by end of 2019". Teslarati. Retrieved 2020-01-08. Tesla may complete its purchase contract for the site of Gigafactory 4, … before the end of 2019 … optimistic about Tesla’s factory, considering that the area had already been planned for a BMW facility back in 2001. “This is already the development plan for this type of industrial use,” he said. … development plans for the site that were granted for BMW's potential facility would need to be re-examined, particularly as the flora and fauna in the area may have changed since 2001
  69. ^ Klender, Joey (2019-12-11). "Tesla's European Gigafactory will produce 500k vehicles per year: report". Teslarati. according to a report from Bild … Initial production of the Model 3 and Model Y is expected to begin in 2021 with the help of 3,000 employees
  70. ^ "Der geheime Plan für das Werk in Brandenburg: Wie öko wird die Tesla-Fabrik?" [The secret plan for the Gigafactory in Brandenburg: How eco-friendly is the Tesla factory?]. Bild. 2019-12-11. Retrieved 2020-01-08.(subscription required)
  71. ^ "Tesla zahlt rund 41 Millionen Euro für Gelände in Brandenburg" [Tesla to pay approximately 41 million Euro for site in Brandenburg]. Der Spiegel (in German). 2020-01-08. Retrieved 2020-01-08. Der US-Elektroautohersteller Tesla erhält das 300-Hektar-Gelände für seine geplante Fabrik in Grünheide in Brandenburg für knapp 41 Millionen Euro. … rund 13,50 Euro pro Quadratmeter … der Haushaltsausschuss muss aber noch zustimmen
  72. ^ "Tesla stimmt Kaufvertrag für Grundstück in Grünheide zu". (in German).
  73. ^ Metzner, Thorsten. "Tesla-Fabrik kommt nach Grünheide" [Tesla-factory comes to Grünheide]. (in German). Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  74. ^ "Gigafactory in Grünheide: Kaufvertrag für Tesla-Fabrik ist unterzeichnet". (in German). 29 January 2020.
  75. ^ "UVP-Berichtfür das Vorhaben "Gigafactory Berlin"" [Environment assessment report for Gigafactory Berlin] (PDF) (in German). UVP-verbund. 13 November 2019. p. 59. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 20, 2020. at the project site, deposits of the glacial valleys including their tributary valleys (lowland sand, "valley sand") predominate. These are fine- to coarse-grained, partly slightly gravelly to gravelly, sand. The geochemical overview map shows a low to medium load with heavy metals and partly high Exposure to lead, mercury and Iron-III. The project location is unsuitable or is not very suitable for agricultural use. The location is a flat depression area. The altitude lies at +38 to +40 m NHN Alt URL
  76. ^ Bachman, Danica (14 December 2019). "Tesla Gigafactory Will Have Autobahn Exit And A Train Station, Says Report". Business Times.
  77. ^ "Plans for Tesla Gigafactory 4, According to Sound Emission Prognosis". CleanTechnica. 6 January 2020.
  78. ^ Kröger, Michael; Wassermann, Andreas (13 November 2019). "Neue Tesla-Fabrik in Brandenburg: Warum ausgerechnet Grünheide?". Spiegel Online. Archived from the original on 15 November 2019. Nationwide, no German state produces more green electricity per inhabitant than Brandenburg. Automotive expert Stefan Bratzel of the Bergisch-Gladbach University of Applied Sciences points to the large number of qualified workers available in the region
  79. ^ ""You're stealing our water": Germans protest against Tesla gigafactory". Reuters. 2020-01-18. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  80. ^ Ankel, Cornelia Meyer, Sophia. "Elon Musk's new $4.4 billion Tesla Gigafactory near Berlin might endanger a species of bat, conservationists warn". Business Insider. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  81. ^ "Tesla: Team soll Fabrikbau begleiten". (in German). 13 December 2019.
  82. ^ Higgins, William Boston and Tim (2020-01-21). "Tesla's Post-China Challenge: Bats and Bombs in Germany". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
  83. ^ "Wieder mehr als 270 Tonnen Kampfmittel geräumt". (in German). 26 December 2019. More than 70 years after the end of the Second World War, the Ordnance Disposal Service (KMBD) in Brandenburg cleared 276 tons of ordnance again this year
  84. ^ "Tesla-Fabrik trotz Verzögerung nicht in Gefahr". (in German). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  85. ^ Lambert, Fred (2020-04-09). "Tesla Berlin Gigafactory stalls, reportedly has to revise foundation due to soil issue". Electrek. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  86. ^ "German water utility pulls plug on Tesla over unpaid bills". Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  87. ^ "German utility restores water supply to Tesla after stoppage". Retrieved 2020-10-16.

External linksEdit