Ghanche District (Urdu: ضلع گانچھے) (Balti: གངས་ཅེ) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. With its administrative headquarters in the historic city of Khaplu, Ghanche is famous as a tourist destination for its outstanding scenery and high altitude landscapes.
The Ghanche region features serrated peaks typical of the high Karakorams
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
|Autonomous territory||Gilgit Baltistan|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Adeel Haider (PAS)|
|• Total||4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its southwest is Kharmang District and to its south is Ladakh of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District is located across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India including the entire Siachen Glacier. It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park. Pakistan controls west of Saltoro Ridge.
The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu. This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram  that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).
The word Gang in Balti and means "glacier" and che is used as superlative term showing its abundance. It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Ghanche Nallah (a Seasonal Stream) which flows in between the Khaplu town during summer season. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.
Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into three subdivisions: Khaplu, Daghoni and Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley were lost by Indian invasion in 1971. They were Chalunka, Tyakshi, Thang and Turtuk. Some of them are given in the chart below.
|Name of Village/Town||Muhallahs in the Village/Town|
|Khaplu Bala||Mouldomar, Sargaib, Stodkhoor (Braqchansar, Khansar, Banpi, Hundili Gharalti, Laxar), Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong, Goma staqji (Muhsinabad), Langkhong (Islamabad), Hatchhe khar, Hatchhe, Hatchhe, Dinis(faizbaksh sector), Gamba Bngriya, goma Bngriya, Doqsa Garbochung,|
|Khaplu Pain||Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung|
|Kharkoo||Mandik, Arapa, Malayar, Thana Gamba Trangzong, Gongma Trangzong, Garbong, Youlskil, Piyara, Shopacholi, Lahar, Sogha|
|Chorbat||Siksa (Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Piun, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu|
|Saling||Banpi Gabkhore, Doqbar, Biliggrong, Sotol, Gond|
|Thagas||* Newti Chan, Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq,
, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung,Lhangkhani Groung.
|Ghawari||Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha|
|Kuro||Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,|
|Gulshan-e-Kabir||Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)|
|Dumsum||mallon, gabser, mongron,khachepa,yarkhor,oling,skoungoa, barngmalla,|
|Talis||Nima bazar, hussani chock,|
|Surmo||Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar|
|Kundos||Karmanding, Choghogrong, Lachat, Thang, Hano, Khorkondo|
|Machulu||Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi|
|Balghar||Soq,Yompoya,Loda,Khankha Groing, marmung,Gon,Chan Gon,Gongmayar,Bazawa,Khodakha,Garieppa,Kharwathaing,khashou,Gamba Bardas.|
|BARA Valley Baltistan||Gumba BARA (Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, Bara Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori), Gungma BARA (Spinpa, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka, Pandiva, Darussalam, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa, Tatous)|
|Thalay||Haltagari Baltoro, daltir, yarkhor, taso, harangus, parangus, Chundu, khasomik, bordas, gaworic, lodas.|
|Keris||Oroba, Sumalsa, kashiba, Sadat colony, Barchong, Khargrong, Dangah, Youljuk, Charathang, Ural Gone, Banpa,Mustafaabad,Shagaran,barchong.|
Majority of the people living in Ghanche are Muslims, with 90% belonging to Noorbakshia Islam, whereas rest of the 10% are Shia and Sunni muslims. A religious leader locally called ‘Bowa’ has very important place in society.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Ghanche is ranked 29 out of 141 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 118 out of 155.
- "The serenity of Ghanche: Of mountains, rivers and valleys".
- "Mapping education in Pakistan 2015".
- "Rifts within Nurbakhshiyas: Dozens arrested after clashes in Ghanche Valley".
- "Khaplu — off the beaten path".
- Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
- "History of Ganche and places to see". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18.
- Arz-e-Shimal by Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
- "Turtuk, a Promised Land Between Two Hostile Neighbours".
- "An encounter with the 'king' of Turtuk, a border village near Gilgit-Baltistan".
- "geography of baltistan".
- District Body Ghanche
- "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2019-08-16.