Gerhard Schaffran (4 July 1912, in Leśnica, Górny Śląsk – 4 March 1996, in Dresden) was Papal consistory and Auxiliary bishop of Görlitz, Capitulary vicar of Breslau for the see of Görlitz and Bishop of Dresden-Meissen.
Schaffran was the son of a teacher, his family moved from Breslau to Leschnitz am Annaberg. In the First World War his father served as an officer and was killed. His widow lived with Gerhard and his siblings at Görlitz. Gerhard Schaffran initially studied at a gymnasium in Berlin, but left high school in Görlitz in order to study theology at Breslau. After his ordination by Adolf Bertram on 1 August 1937, Schaffran served as a chaplain in Breslau. During the Second World War he was a Military chaplain and then a voluntary chaplain in a Soviet prisoner of war camp in Azerbaijan. By the time of his release frontiers had moved and Breslau had become the Polish city of Wrocław. In 1949/50 Schaffran decided to move to the German Democratic Republic, where in 1952 he became rector of the catechist seminary in Görlitz. From 1959 he worked as Professor of Homiletics at the Catholic seminary in Neuzelle and as a prison chaplain. On 24 November 1962, Schaffran was appointed titular bishop of Semnea and Auxiliary bishop of Görlitz. He was ordained as a bishop on 22 January 1963 by Alfred Bengsch, Archbishop of Berlin. Auxiliary Bishop Friedrich Maria Rintelen of Magdeburg and Hugo Aufderbeck of Erfurt assisted in the consecration. Schaffran adopted Soli Deo (for God alone) as his motto.
In September 1970, Gerhard Schaffran was appointed Bishop of the diocese of Meißen, which became Dresden-Meissen in 1979 and whose seat was moved from Bautzen to Dresden in 1980. He remained in the role until 1987. From 1980 to 1982 he was chairman of the Berlin Conference of Bishops. A high point of his career was organising the only Catholic Conference in East Germany, which took place in Dresden from 10–12 July 1987.
- Die Stifte Melk, Dürnstein, Göttweig, Klosterneuburg, Langewiesche 1958, with Gerhard Kerff.
- Josef Pilvousek (2005), "Schaffran, Gerhard", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 22, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 540–541; (full text online)
- Bernd Schäfer: "Schaffran, Gerhard." In Wer war wer in der DDR? 5th Edition. Volume 2, Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4.
- Marianne Seewald: Solo Dios basta. Gerhard Schaffran. Wegbegleiter in schweren Zeiten 1912–1962, St. Benno 2001 (Neuauflage 1996), ISBN 3746211352.
- Marianne Seewald: Soli Deo. Gerhard Schaffran. Bischofsjahre 1962–1996. Leipzig: St. Benno 2012, ISBN 3746234891.
- Martin Lätzel (2005). "Schaffran, Gerhard". In Bautz, Traugott (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 25. Nordhausen: Bautz. cols. 1233–1234. ISBN 3-88309-332-7.
- Bernd Schäfer. "Schaffran, Gerhard * 4.7.1912, † 4.3.1996 Katholischer Bischof" (in German). Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur: Biographische Datenbanken. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Literature by and about Gerhard Schaffran in the German National Library catalogue
- "bishop/bschg". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney.
Otto Spülbeck [de]
| Bishop of Dresden-Meissen
Joachim (Friedrich) Reinelt [de]
Ferdinand (Nikolaus Andreas) Piontek [de]
| Capitulary vicar of the Archbishop of Breslau for Görlitz
Bernhard Huhn [de]
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