Georgsmarienhütte is a town in the district of Osnabrück, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the Teutoburg Forest, approx. 7 km south of Osnabrück.

Georgsmarienhütte
Coat of arms of Georgsmarienhütte
Coat of arms
Location of Georgsmarienhütte within Osnabrück district
NetherlandsHamburgNorth SeaBremenOsnabrück (district)Lower SaxonyVechta (district)Cloppenburg (district)Diepholz (district)Emsland (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaOsnabrückBad LaerGeorgsmarienhütteHilterGlandorfBad IburgDissenBad RothenfeldeHagenHasbergenMelleBissendorfBad EssenBohmteOstercappelnBelmWallenhorstRiesteBramscheAlfhausenGehrdeAnkumBersenbrückNeuenkirchenMerzenVoltlageFürstenauBippenEggermühlenKettenkampNortrupBadbergenBergeMenslageQuakenbrückGeorgsmarienhütte in OS.svg
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Georgsmarienhütte is located in Germany
Georgsmarienhütte
Georgsmarienhütte
Georgsmarienhütte is located in Lower Saxony
Georgsmarienhütte
Georgsmarienhütte
Coordinates: 52°12′N 8°4′E / 52.200°N 8.067°E / 52.200; 8.067Coordinates: 52°12′N 8°4′E / 52.200°N 8.067°E / 52.200; 8.067
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictOsnabrück
Subdivisions6 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorAnsgar Pohlmann (CDU)
Area
 • Total55.41 km2 (21.39 sq mi)
Elevation
86-331 m (−1,000 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total31,827
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
49124
Dialling codes05401
Vehicle registrationOS
Websitewww.georgsmarienhuette.de

HistoryEdit

In 1856 the company "Georgs-Marien-Bergwerks- und Hüttenverein" was founded to erect an iron and steel works in the municipality of Malbergen. It was named after King George V of Hanover who supported industrial development, and his wife Marie.[2] The workers’ housing estates grew and developed to the municipality Georgsmarienhütte. Malbergen became part of Georgsmarienhütte in 1937. In 1970, the municipalities Oesede, Kloster Oesede, Harderberg, Holsten-Mündrup, the southern part of Holzhausen and the "industrial village" Georgsmarienhütte were united to the city Georgsmarienhütte.

 
Steel works in 2006

The iron and steel works were one of the most important employers south of Osnabrück, employing several thousand people. Since 1923 it belonged to Klöckner Werke AG which suffered severely from the steel crises of the 1990s. In 1993, Klöckner manager Jürgen Großmann bought the steel works for a symbolic amount of money and transformed it to an efficient company which is one of the leading high-grade steel producers in Europe.

Kloster OesedeEdit

 
Church of the former convent Kloster Oesede

The most important historical building is the church of former convent Kloster Oesede dating from the 12th century. The Benedictine convent was founded by count Ludolf von Oesede (d. 1184) and his wife Thedela for which he donated his castle complex in the first half of the century. The convent gave its name as well to the former settlement Sutorpe. Kloster Oesede now is a part of the city Georgsmarienhütte. The convent was the first one in the district of Osnabrück. The convent’s first prior was Ludolf’s eldest daughter Goda. On January, 15th 1170 conventional life began. The convent became wealthy within the centuries by donations and the nuns' labour. It existed until 1803 when it was secularisated by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss. The convent buildings from the Middle Ages were taken down between 1790 and 1803. Only the Alte Abtei (Old Abbey) remained. A new two-storey building was erected by Alexander Ludwig von Corvey (1670–1728) in 1723. It still exists and is used for partly parish and school purposes. The former convent’s church in which the donator count Ludolf and his wife were buried now is the Roman Catholic parish church St. Johann. A remarkable detail of the church is the Hagioscope which allowed lepers to join the service from outside. Another hagioscope was exposed nearby in St. Clemens, the monastery’s church in Bad Iburg.

TransportationEdit

Georgsmarienhütte is served by the Osnabrück–Brackwede railway line which in turn leads to the rest of the country.

The city of Osnabrück is connected by road to the Autobahn A1, A30 and A33. In addition, there are regular and frequent bus lines with Osnabrück, as well as the surrounding countryside.

The nearest airport is the Münster Osnabrück International Airport at a distance of 32 kilometers.

EducationEdit

All of the types of German grammar schools are represented in the city. In addition to a folk high school, two boarding schools provide adult education in special courses which usually last a few days.

MuseumsEdit

 
Museum Villa Stahmer

Museum Villa Stahmer is a museum of local history. The building was erected in 1900 by factory owner Robert Stahmer. He lived there with his family until 1907. It was in residential use until the end of World War II when it was used by British forces. Since 1947 it was used as an employment agency. In 1980, the museum was opened.

Twin towns—Sister citiesEdit

The City Georgsmarienhütte is twinned with:[3]

Notable peopleEdit

Connected to GeorgsmarienhütteEdit

  • Georg V of Hanover, (1819–1878) and his wife Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1818–1907) gave their names to the firm Georgs-Marien-Bergwerks- and Hüttenverein, founded in 1856, and are thus the namesakes of the present city of Georgsmarienhütte.[2]
  • Jan Korte (born 1977), since 2005 a Member of the Bundestag, grew up in Oesede, Abitur at the Gymnasium Oesede in 1997.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2018.
  2. ^ a b Gieseler, Albert. "Georgsmarien-Hütten- und Bergwerksverein". Kraft- und Dampfmaschinen (in German). Retrieved 23 October 2017. 03.05.1856: König Georg V. gestattet infolge einer Immediat-Eingabe, daß der Gesellschaft nach dem Namen ihrer Majestäten des Königs und der Königin die Firma "Georgs-Marien-Bergwerks- und Hütten-Verein" beigelegt werde, und erklärt sich zugleich bereit, das Protektorat über die Gesellschaft zu übernehmen.
  3. ^ Georgsmarienhütte. "Partner- und Freundschaftsstädte | Stadt Georgsmarienhütte". www.georgsmarienhuette.de. Retrieved 2016-02-14.