Seven special routes of U.S. Route 278 currently exist. Three of them lie within the state of Arkansas. One more existed in the past but has since been decommissioned.

U.S. Route 278 marker

U.S. Route 278
Highway system

Contents

ArkansasEdit

Hope business routeEdit

 

Hervey Street[1]
LocationHope, Arkansas
Length1.15 mi[2] (1.85 km)
Existed1990s–present

U.S. Route 278B (US 278B and Hwy. 278B) is a 1.15-mile (1.85 km) business route of U.S. Route 278 in Hempstead County, Arkansas.[3]

Route description

The route's northern terminus is at US 278 near Interstate 30 along the outside of Hope. The route runs south as Hervey Street through downtown Hope past the Foster House and the Bill Clinton Birthplace both two properties being National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) listed.[4] The route terminates at US 67.

Major intersections

The entire route is in Hope, Hempstead County.

mi[3]kmDestinationsNotes
0.000.00  US 278 (Commerce Boulevard)Northern terminus
1.151.85  US 67 (3rd Street)Southern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Camden business routeEdit

 

Washington Street[5]
LocationCamden, Arkansas
Length1.88 mi[2] (3.03 km)
Existed1998–present

U.S. Route 278B (US 278B and Hwy. 278B), formerly Highway 4B, is a 2.97-mile (4.78 km) business route of U.S. Route 278 (formerly Highway 4) in Ouachita County, Arkansas.[6]

Major intersections

The entire route is in Camden, Ouachita County.

mi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
0.000.00  US 278Western terminus
1.883.03  US 79B (Street)Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Warren business routeEdit

 

U.S. Highway 278B
LocationWarren, Arkansas
Length3.99 mi[2] (6.42 km)
Existed1998–present

U.S. Route 278B (US 278B and Hwy. 278B), formerly Highway 4B, is a 3.99-mile (6.42 km) business route of U.S. Route 278 (formerly Highway 4) in Bradley County, Arkansas.[7]

Major intersections

The entire route is in Warren, Bradley County.

mi[7]kmDestinationsNotes
0.000.00  US 278Western terminus
2.233.59   US 63 / AR 8 (Martin St)
2.66–
2.87
4.28–
4.62
  US 63B (S Main Street)US 63B overlap
3.996.42  US 278
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

GeorgiaEdit

Rockmart business loopEdit

 

U.S. Highway 278 Business
LocationRockmart, Georgia
Length3.2 mi[8] (5.1 km)
Existed1994[9][10]–present

U.S. Route 278 Business (US 278 Bus.) is a 3.2-mile-long (5.1 km) business route of US 278. Nearly the entire road is within the city limits of Rockmart. Its entire length is concurrent with State Route 6 Business (SR 6 Bus.).

US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus. begins at an intersection with US 278/SR 6 west of Rockmart. It travels to the southeast and immediately crosses over the Silver Comet Trail. The roadway is known as Cedartown Highway until an intersection with Prospect Road. Then it is known as Elm Street. It enters the city limits of Rockmart and passes by Rose Hill Cemetery. Then, it crosses over Euharlee Creek and the Silver Comet Trail again on the Raymond Lester Bridge. The highway then curves to the east, at an intersection with Slate Street. At Piedmont Avenue, the business route turns to the north, remaining along that street for the rest of its journey. At an intersection with Clearwater Street, it curves to the north-northwest. Finally, it ends an intersection with US 278/SR 6/SR 101.[8]

In 1991, SR 6 Bus. was established on its current path.[11][12] Between the beginning of 1989 and the beginning of 1995, US 278 Bus. was established on the path of SR 6 Bus.[9][10]

The entire route is in Polk County.

Locationmi[8]kmDestinationsNotes
0.00.0    US 278 begins / SR 6 / SR 6 Bus. – Cedartown, RockmartWestern terminus of US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus.; western end of SR 6 Bus. concurrency
Rockmart1.52.4Raymond Lester BridgeCrossing over Euharlee Creek
3.25.1     US 278 / SR 6 (Nathan Dean Parkway) / SR 101 / SR 6 Bus. ends – Cedartown, Dallas, Rome, AragonEastern terminus of US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus.; eastern end of SR 6 Bus. concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Madison truck routeEdit

 

U.S. Highway 278 Truck
LocationMadison, Georgia
Length5.6 mi[13] (9.0 km)

U.S. Route 278 Truck (US 278 Truck) is a truck route of US 278 that travels south of downtown Madison. The entire length is also concurrent with SR 12 Truck (SR 12 Trk.). It also has concurrencies with SR 24 Spur, US 129/US 441/SR 24, and US 129/US 441 Bypass/US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck.

US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck begins at mainline US 278/SR 12 and SR 83, which turns northeast at a fork in the road as those routes head into historic downtown Madison. At this intersection, SR 24 Spur (Ward Road), which also begins here, has a concurrency with US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck. The three highways curve southeast until they reach US 129/US 441/SR 24. They turn south onto a concurrency with these highways. At this intersection, the SR 24 Spur ends. The highways travel to the south until they reach an intersection with the southern terminus of US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck. Here, US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck follows US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck. US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck ends at US 278/SR 12 as well as US 129/US 441/SR 24 just northeast of the city.

The entire route is in Morgan County.

Locationmi[13]kmDestinationsNotes
Madison0.00.0     
      US 278 / SR 12 / SR 83 (South Main Street) / SR 12 Truck begins / SR 24 Spur begins – Hard Labor Creek State Park
Western terminus of US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck; northern terminus of SR 24 Spur; western end of SR 24 Spur concurrency
0.40.64     US 129 north / US 441 north / SR 24 north (Eatonton Road) / SR 24 Spur ends – AthensSouthern terminus of SR 24 Spur; eastern end of SR 24 concurrency; western end of US 129/US 441/SR 24 concurrency
1.42.3           
          US 129 south / US 441 south / SR 24 south (Eatonton Road) / US 129 Byp. begins / US 441 Byp. begins / US 441 Truck begins / SR 24 Byp. begins / SR 24 Truck begins (Madison Bypass) to I-20 / Lions Club Road west – Eatonton
Eastern end of US 129/US 441/SR 24 concurrency; southern terminus of US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck; eastern terminus of Lions Club Road; western end of US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck concurrency
5.69.0            
           US 129 / US 441 / SR 24 / US 278 / SR 12 / US 129 Byp. ends / US 441 Byp. ends / US 441 Truck ends / SR 24 Byp. ends / SR 24 Truck ends – Madison, Athens, Watkinsville, Greensboro
Eastern terminus of US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck; northern terminus of US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck; eastern end of US 129 Byp./US 441 Byp./US 441 Truck/SR 24 Byp./SR 24 Truck concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Warrenton bypass routeEdit

   

U.S. Highway 278 Bypass
LocationWarrenton, Georgia
Length1.6 mi[14] (2.6 km)
Existed1989[15][16]–present

U.S. Route 278 Bypass (US 278 Byp.) is a 1.6-mile-long (2.6 km) bypass route of US 278 that exists entirely within the city limits of Warrenton, Georgia. The entire length is completely concurrent with SR 12 Bypass (SR 12 Byp.). Banner signage along the highway mostly use "Truck" instead of "Bypass."[17] It is known as Legion Drive for its entire length.

US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp. begins at mainline US 278/SR 12, which turns from southeast to straight east as those highways head into historic downtown Warrenton. It crosses over Goldens Creek and then crosses over a former Central of Georgia Railway line before encountering the intersection with SR 16, which is the former path of SR 12 Conn. After the intersection of Shoal Street, the highway begins to curve east in front of the right-of-way of a former connecting ramp to SR 16. The road serves as the northern terminus of SR 171 across from the Warren School Bus Shop, and then begins to curve to the northeast, even more so when it approaches SR 80 (Quaker Road) which joins the bypass in a concurrency. US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp. ends at a second intersection with US 278/SR 12, and SR 80 continues north towards Waynesboro and Shell Bluff.

The roadway that would eventually become US 278/SR 12 was established between July 1957 and June 1960 as SR 16 Spur from SR 16 in the south-southwest part of the city to SR 16 in the southeast part of the city.[18][19] In 1973, SR 16 was shifted onto most of the path of SR 16 Spur (except for its western end. The former path of SR 16 was redesignated as SR 12 Conn.[20][21] In 1989, SR 16's path in the city was reverted to its former path, replacing SR 12 Spur. The former path of SR 16 was redesignated as US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp.[15][16]

The entire route is in Warrenton, Warren County.

mi[14]kmDestinationsNotes
0.00.0     US 278 / SR 12 / SR 12 Byp. begins to I-20 west – Crawfordville, Warrenton, Warrenton Downtown Historic DistrictWestern terminus of US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp.; west end of SR 12 Byp. concurrency
0.30.48  SR 16 (Macon Highway) – Sparta, WarrentonFormer SR 12 Conn.
0.91.4  SR 171 south (Gibson Street) – GibsonNorthern terminus of SR 171
1.21.9  SR 80 south (Quaker Road) – WrensWest end of SR 80 concurrency; former SR 16
1.62.6        US 278 / SR 12 / SR 80 Alt. north (East Main Street) / SR 12 Byp. ends / SR 80 north (Legion Drive) to I-20 east / SR 16 – Thomson, Augusta, Camak, WashingtonEastern terminus of US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp.; southern terminus of SR 80 Alt.; east end of SR 12 Byp. concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Warrenton connector routeEdit

 

State Route 12 Connector
LocationWarrenton, Georgia
Existed1973[20][21]–1989[15][16]

State Route 12 Connector (SR 12 Conn.) was a connector route of SR 12 that existed mostly within the city limits of Warrenton, Georgia. Between July 1957 and June 1960, SR 16 Spur was established between two intersections with SR 16 in the southern part of Warrenton.[18][19] In 1973, SR 16 was shifted mostly onto the path of SR 16 Spur. Its former path was redesignated as SR 12 Conn.[20][21] In 1989, SR 16 was reverted to its previous path, replacing SR 12 Conn.[15][16]

The entire route was in Warren County.

LocationmikmDestinationsNotes
  SR 16Southern terminus
Warrenton  SR 16 Spur eastWestern terminus of SR 16 Spur
   US 278 / SR 12Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

South CarolinaEdit

Hilton Head business routeEdit

 

 

U.S. Route 278 Business
LocationHilton Head Island, South Carolina
Length8.9 mi[22] (14.3 km)
Existed1998–present

U.S. Route 278 Business (US 278 Bus) was established in 1998 when the Cross Island Parkway was completed and US 278 was rerouted onto it. US 278 Bus travels along William Hilton Parkway, which connects to the Hilton Head Airport and various resorts on the island.[23][24]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Map of Hope, Hempstead County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. April 2004. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Planning and Research Division (2010). "Arkansas Road Log Database". Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Archived from the original (Database) on 23 June 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  3. ^ a b General Highway Map, Hempstead County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. 2000. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
  5. ^ Map of Camden, Ouachita County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. May 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  6. ^ a b General Highway Map, Ouachita County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  7. ^ a b General Highway Map, Bradley County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). 1:62500. Cartography by Planning and Research Division. Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c Google (January 13, 2019). "Overview map of US 278 Bus." (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Georgia Department of Transportation (1989). General Highway Map: Polk County, Georgia (Map). Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation – via GDOT Maps.
  10. ^ a b Georgia Department of Transportation (1995). General Highway Map: Polk County, Georgia (Map). Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation – via GDOT Maps.
  11. ^ Georgia Department of Transportation (1991). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1991–1992 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  12. ^ Georgia Department of Transportation (1992). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1992–1993 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Google (January 13, 2019). "Overview map of US 278 Truck/SR 12 Truck" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Google (January 13, 2019). "Overview map of US 278 Byp./SR 12 Byp." (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d Georgia Department of Transportation (1989). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1989–1990 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d Georgia Department of Transportation (1990). Official Highway and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (1990–1991 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  17. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 7, 1989). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
  18. ^ a b State Highway Department of Georgia (1957). State Highway System and Other Principal Connecting Roads (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. OCLC 5673161. Retrieved May 27, 2017. (Corrected to July 1, 1957.)
  19. ^ a b State Highway Department of Georgia (1960). State Highway System and Other Principal Connecting Roads (PDF) (Map) (1960–1961 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. OCLC 5673161. Retrieved May 27, 2017. (Corrected to June 1, 1960.)
  20. ^ a b c Georgia Department of Transportation (January 1973). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  21. ^ a b c Georgia Department of Transportation (January 1974). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map) (1974–1975 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  22. ^ Google (April 15, 2014). "U.S. Route 278 Business - Hilton Head Island" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  23. ^ "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways" (PDF). AASHTO. November 6, 1998. p. 11. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  24. ^ Hilton Head Island Urban Area, Beaufort County (PDF) (Map). South Carolina Department of Transportation. December 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2014.

External linksEdit