Georges Darmois

Georges Darmois (24 June 1888 – 3 January 1960) was a French mathematician and statistician. He pioneered in the theory of sufficiency, in stellar statistics, and in factor analysis. He was also one of the first French mathematicians to teach British mathematical statistics.[1]

Georges Darmois
Born(1888-06-24)24 June 1888
Died3 January 1960(1960-01-03) (aged 71)
Alma materUniversity of Paris
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Paris
École Normale Supérieure
Doctoral advisorÉdouard Goursat
Doctoral studentsDaniel Dugué
André Lichnerowicz
Marcel-Paul Schützenberger

He is one of the eponyms of the Koopman–Pitman–Darmois theorem and sufficient statistics and exponential families.


Darmois was born on 24 June 1888 in Éply. He was admitted to École normale supérieure in 1906 and passed subsequently the agrégation de mathematiques in 1909. From 1911 to 1914, he was a qualified assistant (agrégé préparateur) at the École normale supérieure, where his scientific activities were directed by Émile Borel who rapidly appreciated his talent.

Darmois earned his doctorate from the University of Paris in 1921. He defended a thesis on algebraic curves and partial differential equations before the jury consisting of Émile Picard and Édouard Goursat. In 1949, he succeeded Maurice René Fréchet as the Chair of Calculus of Probabilities and Mathematical Physics at the University of Paris, who had himself succeeded Emile Borel.[2] His research spanned several fields of pure and applied mathematics, including geometry, general relativity, physics, statistics, time series, and econometrics.[3]

He was elected fellow of the Econometric Society in 1952.[4] In 1955 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association.[5] He was also the president of International Statistical Institute from 1953 until 1960.


His scientific contributions include:


  1. ^ Bor, Bernard (2001), "George Darmois", in Heyde, C. C.; Seneta, E.; Crepel, P.; Fienberg, S.E.; Gani, J. (eds.), Statisticians of the Centuries, New York: Springer, pp. 382–385, ISBN 0-387-95329-9
  2. ^ Roy, R. (1960), "Georges Darmois, 1888–1960", Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (General), 123 (4): 520–522, doi:10.1111/j.2397-2327.1960.tb00736.x (inactive 2021-01-15), JSTOR 2343305CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (link)
  3. ^ Roy, René (1961), "Georges Darmois, 1888–1960", Econometrica, 29 (1): 80–83, doi:10.2307/1907690, JSTOR 1907690
  4. ^ "In Memory of Fellows of the Econometric Society". Econometric Society. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  5. ^ View/Search Fellows of the ASA, accessed 2016-07-23.

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