Geislingen is a town in the Zollernalbkreis district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 4 km northwest of Balingen. The population stands at roughly 6,000. Geislingen includes three smaller towns, Geislingen (pop. 4,500), Erlaheim (pop. 500), and Binsdorf (pop. 1,000), all of them growing about 1% per year. The area has been continuously settled since the stone age. The first written documentation of Binsdorf came in 834, Geislingen was officially mentioned in 1188. The local economy mixes agriculture with services and small-scale industry. Many residents work in industrial areas south of Stuttgart or in nearby Balingen.

Geislingen
Coat of arms of Geislingen
Coat of arms
Location of Geislingen within Zollernalbkreis district
Geislingen in BL.svg
Geislingen is located in Germany
Geislingen
Geislingen
Geislingen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Geislingen
Geislingen
Coordinates: 48°17′15″N 08°48′45″E / 48.28750°N 8.81250°E / 48.28750; 8.81250Coordinates: 48°17′15″N 08°48′45″E / 48.28750°N 8.81250°E / 48.28750; 8.81250
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictZollernalbkreis
Subdivisions3 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorOliver Schmid (non-Party)
Area
 • Total31.95 km2 (12.34 sq mi)
Elevation
563 m (1,847 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,881
 • Density180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72349–72351
Dialling codes07433 / 07428
Vehicle registrationBL/HCH
Websitewww.stadt-geislingen.de

HistoryEdit

Württemberg planted an alley of fruit trees. (dienstbarkeit). The tree farms of Wilhelm and the Brüdergemeinde provided free fruit.[2] In 1863 those fruits included Luiken, Winterlinge, Fleiner, Knausbirnen, Bratbirnen, Glöcklesbirnen, Fäßlesbirnen, Grunbirnen, Lederäpfel, Breitlinge, Goldparmäne, Rosenäpfel, Zuckerbirnen and Bergamottbirnen [3]

In 1941, there was a protest against the Nazi Party in Geislingen.[4][5] In 1990 Erlaheim a fruit tree arboretum was created[6]

MiningEdit

Sand, sandstone, limestone, and iron ore were the primary products.[3] The Goldhöhle mine was in Erlaheim near Mildersbach, Schwefelkies, in Geislingen. It later collapsed.[7][8] Binsdorf, had a natural stone quarry. From a 3.5 km mine in Doggererzflöz in Weilheim is wood in the Tuttlinger Fruchtkasten.[9][clarification needed] Steel was produced in Tuttlingen by the Schwäbische Hüttenwerke in Ludwigshal.

The refinery in Harras was closed in 1832.[10] The long, tedious transport with horses limited the amount of income from pyrite mining in Erlaheim. Economic reforms that allowed the construction of new railways made mining the iron ore of that area unprofitable.[11][12] Near Geislingen, black stone (coal) was mined for Operation Desert (German fuel project) on the road to Erzingen.[13][14]

NotablesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Apfelgeschichte auf Apfelgut Sulz" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b "Beschreibung des Oberamts Sulz/Kapitel A 5 – Wikisource". de.wikisource.org.
  4. ^ "Weiberschlacht". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German). 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  5. ^ Weiberschlacht
  6. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Geislingen: Bürgerverein unterwegs auf dem Obstlehrpfad - Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de.
  7. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Geislingen: Keine Reichtümer im Goldloch - Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 20.08.2015.
  8. ^ [http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Beschreibung_des_Oberamts_Balingen/Kapitel_B_8 Oberamtsbeschreibung Balingen
  9. ^ "Lokale Bergbaugeschichte im Fruchtkasten - Neue Exponate erinnern an Erzabbau | Stadt Tuttlingen". www.tuttlingen.de. In: Pressemiteilungen. 21.November 2016.
  10. ^ memminger, Jahrbuch 1839 (in German), p. 352
  11. ^ Friedrich von Alberti, Die Gebirge des Königreichs Württemberg, in besonderer Beziehung auf Halurgie (in German), Stuttgart und Tübingen: J. G. Cotta’sche Buchhandlung 1826, p. 124
  12. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Hechingen: Eisenindustrie als Sozialprogramm - Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 28.09.2016.
  13. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Balingen: KZ Natzweiler bewirbt sich um Kulturerbesiegel - Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de. In: Schwarzwälder Bote. Zollernalb, 24. April 2017.
  14. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Balingen: Denkmalamt nimmt sich KZ-Geschichte an - Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de.
  15. ^ Werner-Ulrich Deetjen (1985), 700 Jahre Stadt Ebingen - Geschichte in Bildern Vorträgezur Geschichte: Das Reich Gottes zu Ebingen-Gedanken zu seiner Geschichte und Eigenart (in German), Albstadt: Druck und Verlagshaus Daniel Balingen
  16. ^ Hegeler, Hartmut. "Namen der Opfer der Hexenprozesse/ Hexenverfolgung in Rottweil" (PDF). Retrieved Mar 17, 2018.
  17. ^ NRWZ Verlag
  18. ^ Archived 2015-05-25 at the Wayback Machine