Darwin Gale Schisler (born March 2, 1933) is a former teacher and politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois's 19th congressional district and a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from the 46th district and later the 48th district.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 19th district
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1967
|Preceded by||Robert T. McLoskey|
|Succeeded by||Tom Railsback|
Darwin Gale Schisler
March 2, 1933
Knox County, Illinois
|Spouse(s)||Carolyn Schisler (née Cochran)|
|Residence||London Mills, Illinois|
|Alma mater||Western Illinois University|
Northeast Missouri State College
|Branch/service||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1952-1955|
Early life and careerEdit
Darwin Gale Schisler was born March 2, 1933 on a farm in Indian Point Township, Knox County, Illinois. He attended public schools culminating in graduating from Abingdon High School in 1951. In 1952, he enlisted in the United States Air Force serving for forty five months including ten months overseas in France. After his honorable discharge, Schisler began attending Western Illinois University. While attending Western Illinois University, he was a letter winning football player and married Carolyn Cochran with whom he had three children. In 1959, he graduated with a bachelor of science in education and took a job teaching at London Mills Junior High School. One year later, he became the school's principal. In 1962, he earned a master of arts in school administration from Northeast Missouri State Teachers College.
United States House of RepresentativesEdit
In 1964, the Democrats in Illinois' 19th Congressional District had no candidate in the primary for U.S. representative. Friends of Schisler started a write-in campaign that successfully placed Schisler on the November ballot.
In a surprising upset, he defeated incumbent Robert T. McLoskey in the predominantly Republican district which included Fulton, Henderson, Henry, Knox, Mercer, Rock Island and Warren counties in Western Illinois.
While in Congress, he was a supporter of President Johnson's agenda voting in favor of his Great Society legislation including the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, and the Higher Education Act of 1965. He was in favor of home-rule for Washington, D.C. and signed a discharge petition to get President Johnson’s preferred bill out of committee. He voted against B.F. Sisk’s compromise bill that provided home rule, but only with numerous delays and stipulations. He was a supporter of repealing the "right to work" provisions in Taft Hartley.
In 1965, court order reapportionment of congressional districts moved Whiteside County into the 19th district bringing thousands of Republican voters into the already heavily Republican district. Shortly after, State Representative Tom Railsback of Moline announced his intention to stand against Schisler in the 1966 general election. Schisler was unable to overcome the partisan tilt of the new district and lost to Railsback in November. Schisler’s cause was further hurt by the widespread belief that the White House was apathetic to his reelection bid.
After his loss, he was appointed as an assistant to Governor Otto Kerner Jr. leading the newly created Office of Intergovernmental Cooperation. The office was designed to coordinate state, federal and local programs and projects. He was also the staff liaison for the General Assembly’s Intergovernmental Cooperation Commission. When Kerner resigned, he continued this role under Samuel H. Shapiro.
Illinois House of RepresentativesEdit
After briefly mulling a rematch against Railsback, Schisler chose to run for one of the three spots in the Illinois House of Representative’s 46th district which included Fulton and Tazewell counties along with the southern portion of Peoria County, Illinois. He and incumbent George Saal ran as the Democratic candidates against Republican incumbents Wilbur H. Lauterbach and J. Norman Shade. Despite hopes that a joint Schisler-Saal slate would allow Democrats to take a majority of the 46th district’s seats, only Schisler was elected. He was appointed to the Education Committee and Higher Education Committee.
The decennial reapportionment process in 1971 moved him to the 48th district. The 48th included Fulton County and portions of Peoria and Tazewell counties from the 46th district. However, it also added new territory in Adams, Brown, Cass, Mason and Schuyler counties.
When the Democratic Party took a majority in the Illinois House of Representatives after the 1974 election, Schisler was appointed chair of the Agriculture Committee. He was also a member of the Illinois-Mississippi Canal and Sinnissippi Lake Commission, the Energy Resource and Recreation Council.
Five months into the Iran–United States hostage crisis, Schisler sponsored a nonbinding resolution urging Illinois’ public and private universities not to re-enroll current or new Iranian students for the upcoming school year. Later that year, he voted against the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment and accused pro-ERA advocates of attempting to bribe him prior to the ratification vote.
He lost reelection in 1980, finishing fourth of four candidates for three seats in the 48th district.
- "Schisler, Darwin Gale, (1933-)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Wood, Percy (November 5, 1964). "Illinois Democrats Top Republicans 13-11 in Congress". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- "Illinois Congressional District Map Act of 1961". Illinois Blue Book 1963-1964. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1968. p. 108.
- "To Pass H.R. 6400, The 1965 Voting Rights Act". GovTrack.
- "Agree to Conference Report on H.R. 6675". GovTrack.
- "To Pass H.R. 9567, The Higher Education Act of 1965". GovTrack.
- Warden, Phillip (September 30, 1965). "Johnson D.C. Bill Beaten: House Bars Washington Home Rule, Substitute Plan Adopted". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- Warden, Phillip (October 14, 1965). "Predict 12 and 12 Lineup; Expect Schisler Loss". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- Tagge, George (October 13, 1965). "Remap Ready; Schisler Gets Congress Foe". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- Warden, Phillip (February 12, 1967). "Report Johnson Changes Mind-No GOP Judge". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- "Gale Schisler". Illinois Blue Book 1967-1968. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1968. p. 589.
- "Gale Schisler". Illinois Blue Book 1967-1968. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1968. p. 815.
- Howard, Robert (March 11, 1968). "Democrats Change Slate Against Railsback: Move Seen Assuring Him 2nd Term". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
- "Biographical Sketch of Gale Schisler". Illinois Blue Book 1969-1970. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1970. p. 148.
- Illinois Blue Book 1973-1974. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1974.
- "Biographical Sketch of Gale Schisler". Illinois Blue Book 1975-1976. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Secretary of State. 1976. p. 148 & 528–529.
- "Move to keep Iranian students out of Illinois". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. April 11, 1980.
- Locin, Mitchell; Egler, Daniel (June 20, 1980). "Long Delay Seen for ERA vote". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Robert T. McLoskey
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 19th congressional district