Göttingen (district)

Göttingen (German pronunciation: [ˈɡœtɪŋən] (About this soundlisten)) is a district (German: Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the northwest and clockwise) the districts of Northeim and Goslar, and by the states of Thuringia (district of Eichsfeld) and Hesse (districts of Werra-Meißner and Kassel).

Göttingen
Coat of arms of Göttingen
Coat of arms
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
CapitalGöttingen
Area
 • Total1,753 km2 (677 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[1]
 • Total326,041
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationGÖ, DUD, HMÜ, OHA
Websitelandkreis-goettingen.de

HistoryEdit

In 1885 the Prussian government established the districts of Göttingen, Münden and Duderstadt within the Province of Hanover. These districts existed for 88 years, before they were merged in 1973 to form the present district of Göttingen. On 1 November 2016, it was reformed by the addition of the former district of Osterode.[2]

GeographyEdit

The western half of the district is occupied by the Weserbergland mountains. The Weser River receives its name near the town of Hannoversch Münden, where the Fulda joins the Werra. Further east the Leine river runs through the district from south to north.

Sights and MuseumsEdit

 
The Borderland Museum Eichsfeld in the district of Göttingen.

A popular museum in the district of Göttingen is the Borderland Museum Eichsfeld which attracts around 50,000 visitors from many different countries every year. It deals with the inner-German border and the history of the GDR. The museum area includes a hiking trail along the former Iron Curtain.

Coat of armsEdit

In the upper part is the heraldic lion of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Below is a combination of the arms of the former districts, which were merged in 1973 to form the present district: the shield of Münden, the anchor of Göttingen, and the wheel of Duderstadt.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

 
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Göttingen
Towns Samtgemeinden
  1. Bad Grund
  2. Bad Lauterberg
  3. Bad Sachsa
  4. Duderstadt
  5. Göttingen
  6. Hann. Münden
  7. Herzberg am Harz
  8. Osterode am Harz
  9. Walkenried


Free municipalities

  1. Adelebsen
  2. Bovenden
  3. Friedland
  4. Gleichen
  5. Rosdorf
  6. Staufenberg


Unincorporated area

  • Harz (267.37 km², uninhabited)
  1. Bühren
  2. Dransfeld1, 2
  3. Jühnde
  4. Niemetal
  5. Scheden
  1. Bilshausen
  2. Bodensee
  3. Gieboldehausen1
  4. Krebeck
  5. Obernfeld
  6. Rhumspringe
  7. Rollshausen
  8. Rüdershausen
  9. Wollbrandshausen
  10. Wollershausen
  1. Elbingerode
  2. Hattorf am Harz1
  3. Hörden am Harz
  4. Wulften am Harz
  1. Ebergötzen1
  2. Landolfshausen
  3. Seeburg
  4. Seulingen
  5. Waake
1seat of the Samtgemeinde; 2town

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2019.
  2. ^ "Gebietsänderungsvertrag zwischen den Landkreisen Göttingen und Osterode am Harz" [Treaty between the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz] (PDF) (in German). District of Osterode. 1 February 2014.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Landkreis Göttingen at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°30′N 9°55′E / 51.5°N 9.92°E / 51.5; 9.92