Gáivuotna – Kåfjord – Kaivuono
Gáivuotna (Northern Sami), Kåfjord (Norwegian), or Kaivuono (Kven) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Olderdalen. Other villages include Løkvollen, Manndalen, Birtavarre, Trollvik, Samuelsberg, Nordmannvik, and Djupvik.
View of Olderdalen
Kåfjord within Troms
|• Mayor (2015)||Svein O. Leiros (Sp)|
|• Total||991.18 km2 (382.70 sq mi)|
|• Land||950.33 km2 (366.92 sq mi)|
|• Water||40.85 km2 (15.77 sq mi) 4.1%|
|Area rank||107 in Norway|
|• Rank||318 in Norway|
|• Density||2.2/km2 (6/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-5.2%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1940|
|Official language form||Bokmål and Sami|
The 991-square-kilometre (383 sq mi) municipality is the 107th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Kåfjord is the 318th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,132. The municipality's population density is 2.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.7/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.2% over the last decade.
The municipality of Kåfjord was established in 1929 when the large Lyngen Municipality was divided into three: Lyngen in the northwest, Kåfjord in the northeast, and Storfjord Municipality in the south. The initial population of Kåfjord was 2,482. Then on 1 January 1992, the Nordnes area along the Lyngen fjord in Lyngen Municipality (population: 38) was transferred to Kåfjord Municipality.
Kåfjord is a Norwegianized form of the Sámi name Gáivuotna. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is vuotna which means "fjord".
The name of the municipality was Kåfjord until 2 May 1994, when it was changed to Gáivuotna–Kåfjord. It was the fifth municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed such that either the Sami Gáivuotna or the Norwegian Kåfjord name can be used.
In 2016 the name was changed again. This time the Kven language name was added to the list of official names. All three names are equal and parallel names for the municipality. The official names of the municipality are Gáivuotna – Kåfjord – Kaivuono, or more formally Gáivuona suohkan – Kåfjord kommune – Kaivuonon komuuni.
Coat of armsEdit
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
All municipalities in Norway, including Kåfjord, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Nord-Troms District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name (in Norwegian)||Number of|
|Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)||5|
|Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)||1|
|Conservative Party (Høyre)||2|
|Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)||2|
|Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)||1|
|Centre Party (Senterpartiet)||4|
|Local Lists (Lokale lister)||2|
|Total number of members:||17|
The municipality is situated on the eastern side of the Lyngen fjord, and around its eastern arm, the Kåfjord. The municipal centre is Olderdalen. Other villages include Birtavarre, Kåfjorddalen, Djupvik, Nordmannvik, and Manndalen, where the international indigenous peoples' festival Riddu Riđđu is hosted each year.
On the border with Finland, is the mountain Ráisduattarháldi which has a height of 1,365 m (4,478 ft).
Fishing and small-scale farming have been the most important sources of income. Now many people work in education and other public services. The population has declined for many years, but the decline is now less rapid than earlier. A new optimism has arisen among young people, largely due to the increasing cultural activities.
The majority of the population is of Sami origin. Due to assimilation pressure from the Norwegian State, the language was largely lost in the 20th century. Efforts are being made to reintroduce the Northern Sami language which is largely concentrated in the municipality's largest village, Manndalen/Olmmáivággi.
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- "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian). regjeringen.no. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommunenavn" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Statens kartverk. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
- Store norske leksikon. "Gáivuotna/Kåfjord" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
- Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
- "Biografi: Predikant Erik Johnsen, Manndalen". predikanterikjohnsenblog. Retrieved 2018-08-05.