Fulton Street station (New York City Subway)

Fulton Street is a New York City Subway station complex in Lower Manhattan. It consists of four linked stations on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, the BMT Nassau Street Line and the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The last three cross Fulton Street at Broadway, Nassau Street, and William Street respectively; the Eighth Avenue Line station is underneath Fulton Street, between Broadway and Nassau Streets. The station is the seventh busiest in the system, as of 2017, with 26,838,473 passengers.[4]

 Fulton Street
 "2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"J" train"Z" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
The New Fulton Center (15194095504).jpg
Turnstiles in the Fulton Center
Station statistics
AddressFulton Street between Broadway & Nassau Street
New York, NY 10007
BoroughManhattan
LocaleFinancial District
Coordinates40°42′36.74″N 74°0′27.88″W / 40.7102056°N 74.0077444°W / 40.7102056; -74.0077444Coordinates: 40°42′36.74″N 74°0′27.88″W / 40.7102056°N 74.0077444°W / 40.7102056; -74.0077444
DivisionA (IRT), B (BMT, IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
      BMT Nassau Street Line
Services      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M55, SIM1, SIM2, SIM4, SIM4X, SIM32, SIM34, X27, X28
At Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street via Fulton Center:
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)​
      N late nights (late nights)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
      W weekdays only (weekdays only)
StructureUnderground
Levels3 (Eighth Avenue Line platforms bisect the other 3 lines; Nassau Street platforms are on 2 levels)
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948; 71 years ago (1948-07-01)[1]
Station code628[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)27,719,115 (station complex)[4]Increase 3.3%
Rank5 out of 424

The complex is served by the:

  • 2, 4, A, and J trains at all times
  • 3, 5, and C trains at all times except late nights
  • Z train during rush hours in the peak direction

The Fulton Center is a renovation project that improves access throughout the station complex, introduces a new station building, and provides easier access to the World Trade Center site. It links the Fulton Street subway station with the nearby Chambers Street-World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street station complex (one stop north on the A, C, 2 and 3 trains) and the World Trade Center Transportation Hub through the out-of-system Dey Street Passageway. The Fulton Center opened on November 10, 2014.[5]

Station layoutEdit

G Street level Exits/entrances
  Elevators located:
  • on the SW corner of Dey Street and Broadway for southbound    trains only. Out-of-system accessible transfer available to       trains at World Trade Center/Cortlandt Street.
  • inside the Fulton Center Main Building for northbound    trains only.
  • on the NE corner of Nassau and Fulton Streets for       trains.
  • on the SW corner of William and Fulton Streets for       trains.
All other platforms accessible by first using    platform.
B1
Platforms
Mezzanine Fare control, station agents, connections and retail at Fulton Center
Northbound Broadway–7th   toward Wakefield–241st Street (Park Place)
  toward Harlem–148th Street (Park Place)
Island platform, doors will open on the left  
Southbound Broadway–7th   toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (Wall Street/William Street)
  toward New Lots Avenue (Wall Street/William Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the left  
Southbound Nassau   (  AM rush) toward Broad Street (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the right  
Northbound Lexington   toward Woodlawn (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
  toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue except nights, or Nereid Avenue rush hours (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
Southbound Lexington   toward Crown Heights–Utica Avenue (toward New Lots Avenue late nights) (Wall Street/Broadway)
  toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Wall Street/Broadway)
Side platform, doors will open on the right  
B2
Platforms
Eastern mezzanine Connections between services
Northbound Nassau   (  PM rush) toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Chambers Street/Municipal Building)
Side platform, doors will open on the left  
Western mezzanine Connections and Fulton Center retail
B3
Platforms
Northbound Eighth   toward Inwood–207th Street (Chambers Street–World Trade Center)
  toward 168th Street (Chambers Street–World Trade Center)
Island platform, doors will open on the left  
Southbound Eighth   toward Far Rockaway, Lefferts Boulevard (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush hours) (High Street)
  toward Euclid Avenue (High Street)


 Fulton St to Cortlandt St subway cross-section
Greenwich St WTC Transportation
Hub (Oculus) /

Westfield Shops
Church St Broadway Fulton
Center /

Westfield
Shops
Nassau St William St
1 R / W 4 / 5 J / Z south mezzanine
underpass underpass Dey Street Passageway underpass mezzanine J / Z north mezzanine 2 / 3
mezzanine ← A / C →
PATH
Lower Manhattan transit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall  4  5  (   6 )
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (   E ) Chambers Street–WTC
 
 
 
 
 
 
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cortlandt Street  R  W 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
 
 
 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broad Street (   J  Z )
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

IRT Lexington Avenue Line platformsEdit

 Fulton Street
   
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
 
Uptown platform
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services      4   (all times)
      5   (all except late nights)
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJanuary 16, 1905; 114 years ago (1905-01-16)
Station code412[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Station succession
Next northBrooklyn Bridge–City Hall: 4  5  
Next southWall Street: 4  5  


Next   northBrooklyn Bridge–City Hall: 4  5  
Next   southBowling Green: 4  5  
Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Fulton Street is a station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line with two tracks and two side platforms.

HistoryEdit

This station opened on January 16, 1905, as part of a one-stop extension southbound from Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall. Only the northbound platform was in use when service started at this station.[6] The southbound platform opened for service on June 12, 1905, when the subway was extended one stop to the south at Wall Street.[7][8] This marked the first time that the subway had been extended further downtown and towards Brooklyn; the previous terminus, Brooklyn Bridge, was also the original subway's southern end.

Originally, only the southbound platform was ADA-accessible. In October 2012, a new entrance on Dey Street opened for the Dey Street underpass to Cortlandt Street, and an ADA-accessible elevator was installed for the southbound platform.[9] In November 2014, the northbound platform became accessible through an elevator to the underpass that connected to the southbound platform.

The station, which is now a registered New York City Landmark, features a mosaic of the steamboat built by Robert Fulton.[10] The southbound platform incorporates an ornate entrance to the building at 195 Broadway, which features fluted columns, engraved metal signs, ornate railings, and blacked out store windows.

ExitsEdit

Despite being on the Lexington Avenue Line, the station actually lies underneath Broadway between Cortlandt and Fulton Streets, as the line takes its name from its Upper East Side trunk avenue. A number of exits to street level are available at Dey, John, and Fulton Streets, while the connecting passage to the other stations within the Fulton Street complex lies underneath the latter.[11] Southbound exits are located at:

  • Two stairs, NW corner of Fulton Street and Broadway[11]
  • One stair, SW corner of Fulton Street and Broadway[11]
  • One stair, NW corner of Dey Street and Broadway[11]
  •   One stair, one elevator, and passageway, SW corner of Dey Street and Broadway[11]
  • One stair, NW corner of Cortlandt Street and Broadway[11]

Northbound exits are located at:

  •   Fulton Center building, SE corner of Fulton Street and Broadway[11]
  • One stair, NE corner of Maiden Lane and Broadway[11]

Image galleryEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Lee Stokey. Subway Ceramics : A History and Iconography. 1994. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platformEdit

 Fulton Street
   
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
 
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      2   (all times)
      3   (all except late nights)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 101 years ago (1918-07-01)
Station code332[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Station succession
Next northPark Place: 2  3  
Next southWall Street: 2  3  


Next   northChambers Street: 2  3  
Next   southBorough Hall: 2  3  
Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The Fulton Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was built on the portion of the line built as part of the Dual Contracts, which is the section south of Times Square–42nd Street. The line first opened as a shuttle to 34th Street–Penn Station on June 3, 1917,[12][13] and then south to South Ferry on July 1, 1918. On this same date, the Fulton Street station opened, with service to the station running as a shuttle between Chambers Street and Wall Street, on the line's Brooklyn Branch.[14] On August 1, 1918, the new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[15] As a result, shuttle service to this station was replaced by through service.[16]

During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Fulton Street, along with those at four other stations on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars.[17]

Fulton Street station has a standard local configuration of two tracks and one island platform. Brooklyn-bound trains use track K2 while uptown trains use track K3. These designations come from track chaining which measures track distances and are not used in normal conversation. Based on this chaining, Fulton Street is about 19,700 ft (3.73 mi) from post zero at Broadway and 44th Street since this is where the West Side Line "merges" with the 42nd Street Shuttle. This is slightly non-standard signage because it is a local station using express track numbers as these tracks become the express tracks on the main line, providing a reasonable explanation.

There is an ADA-accessible elevator from platform level to the mezzanine at the platform's extreme south end, connecting to the mezzanine, which has elevators to the rest of the station via the IND Eighth Avenue Line platform. The Marine Grill Murals, salvaged from the restaurant of the same name in the Hotel McAlpin, reside near these elevators.

ExitsEdit

The station has two mezzanines, separated at Fulton Street. The full-time entrance is to the south mezzanine, at the southeast corner of Fulton and William Streets. There are also part-time entrances mid-block on William Street, and through an office building on John Street. The north mezzanine is open part-time, with an entrance through an office building on the northeast corner of Fulton and William Streets. Like Wall Street, the next station south, there is a narrow island platform and a number of comparatively narrow staircases up to the mezzanine level.[11]

Image galleryEdit

BMT Nassau Street Line platformsEdit

 Fulton Street
   
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
 
Broad Street-bound platform
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
Line      BMT Nassau Street Line
Services      J   (all times)
      Z   (rush hours, peak direction)
Levels2
Platforms2 side platforms (1 on each level)
Tracks2 (1 on each level)
Other information
OpenedMay 29, 1931; 88 years ago (1931-05-29)[18]
Station code106[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Station succession
Next northChambers Street: J  Z  
Next southBroad Street: J  Z  


Next   northMarcy Avenue: J  Z  
Next   southnone: J  Z  
Jay Street–MetroTech: no regular service
Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Superimposed track section
 
 
 
(Right track above left one)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Upper level
 
Lower level

Fulton Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line has two tracks and two side platforms, with downtown trains on the upper level and uptown trains on the lower level due to the narrowness of Nassau Street. The station has an unusual layout. The entrance for uptown trains is on the west side of Nassau Street, and the entrance for downtown trains is on the east side of Nassau Street (the reverse of what one would normally expect). It is possible to cross between the uptown and downtown sides via the IND platform, which passes underneath both levels of this station.[19] The station is ADA-accessible via the use of elevators to the IND platform, which then leads to the ADA-accessible Fulton Center main building.

ExitsEdit

Exit stairs rise to all four corners of Nassau Street and Fulton Street, with the eastern stairs for the southbound platform and the western stairs for the northbound platform. On the south end of the southbound platform, there are exits to either eastern corner of John and Nassau Streets that are open only during rush hours.[11]

There is a sealed north end exit to Ann Street and passageway to Beekman Street and Pace University to the far north. This passageway was out of system and more than one block long.[11][19]

Image galleryEdit

IND Eighth Avenue Line platformEdit

 Fulton Street
   
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
 
The IND Eighth Avenue Line platform
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services      A   (all times)
      C   (all except late nights)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedFebruary 1, 1933; 86 years ago (1933-02-01)[20]
Station code172[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Former/other namesBroadway – Nassau Street
Station succession
Next northChambers Street: A  C  
Next southHigh Street: A  C  


Next   northWest Fourth Street–Washington Square (Eighth): A  C  
Next   southJay Street–MetroTech (8th Ave express): A  C  
Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Fulton Street (formerly Broadway–Nassau Street) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line has two tracks and one island platform. The station is located approximately sixty feet (18m) below ground level. Similar to other stations near it, Fulton Street utilizes a tube station design because of its depth. The tile on this station is colored purple, with wall tiles reading "FULTON". An alternating pattern of "BWAY" and "NASSAU" was the original tiling. The station adopted the "Fulton Street" name in December 2010 to become unified with the other platforms in the station complex.[21] Overhead and column signage carry the new name.

An Arts for Transit piece, Nancy Holt's Astral Grating, was formerly located on the mezzanine but was removed during renovation.

Elevators lead from this line's platform to the mezzanines for the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platform, both of the BMT Nassau Street Line's platforms, and both of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line's platforms. There is an elevator to street level at the southwestern corner of William and Fulton Streets.

ExitsEdit

The IND platform can be accessed via the entrances to any of the three other stations, but the BMT platforms' entrances provide the most direct access.[11]

Image galleryEdit

Notable places nearbyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The New York Times, "Transfer Points Under Higher Fare", June 30, 1948, page 19
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "MTA | news | Welcome to the New Fulton Center". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Subway at Fulton Street Busy" (PDF). Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "Subway Trains Run Again This Morning; Through Service Promised for the rush-Hour Crowds. Tunnel Pumped out at Last; Big Water Main That Burst Was an Old One, Pressed Into Service Again After a Five-Hour Watch" (PDF). Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  8. ^ "Subway to Wall St. Open in Ten Days; And All the Way to the Bronx by July 1. Whole Road Ready in August As to the Air Therein, William Barclay Parsons Says It Is Pure and Can't Be Bettered" (PDF). Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  9. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters | New Dey Street Entrance Opened". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "The ships of the Fulton Street subway station". Ephemeral New York. December 6, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower Manhattan" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  12. ^ "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, Including a Shuttle Service from Times Square to Thirty-Fourth Street — Service on the Jerome Avenue Branch From 149th Street North to About 225th Street Began Yesterday Afternoon — The Event Celebrated by Bronx Citizens and Property Owners — The Seventh Avenue Connection Opened This Morning" (PDF). The New York Times. June 3, 1917. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Annual report. 1916-1917". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 12, 2013. p. 22. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  14. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic — First Train on Seventh Avenue Line Carries Mayor and Other Officials — To Serve Lower West Side — Whitney Predicts an Awakening of the District — New Extensions of Elevated Railroad Service" (PDF). The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  15. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph — Great H System Put in Operation Marks an Era in Railroad Construction — No Hitch in the Plans — But Public Gropes Blindly to Find the Way in Maze of New Stations — Thousands Go Astray — Leaders in City's Life Hail Accomplishment of Great Task at Meeting at the Astor" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  16. ^ Whitney, Travis H. (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections — Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). The New York Times. p. 12. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  17. ^ Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965.
  18. ^ The New York Times, "Mayor Drives Train in New Subway Link", May 30, 1931, page 11
  19. ^ a b "Broadway Nassau Fulton Street Complex". April 27, 2005. Archived from the original on April 27, 2005. Retrieved July 4, 2016.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  20. ^ The New York Times, "City Opens Subway to Brooklyn Today", February 1, 1933, page 19
  21. ^ http://www.mta.info/nyct/service/FultonStreetStation.htm

External linksEdit

nycsubway.org:

Station Reporter:

MTA's Arts For Transit:

Google Maps Street View: