Frohburg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated 11 km northeast of Altenburg, and 34 km southeast of Leipzig. It includes the village of Flößberg and the town Kohren-Sahlis.
Saint Michael Church
|• Mayor||Wolfgang Hiensch|
|• Total||145.31 km2 (56.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||176 m (577 ft)|
|• Density||86/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Frohburg castle was first mentioned in documents at the end of the 10th century, the first documentary mention of the settlement itself dates from 1198, and in 1233 it is known as a town (opidum), although it had no explicit town privileges and was directly ruled by the lord of the castle, which at this time was the burgrave of Altenburg. Town privileges were only awarded to Frohburg in 1831, and the first mayor elected three years later.
Until the mid-16th century, Frohburg was part of Pflege Altenburg, and from then on until 1856 of Amt Borna. From then on it was the centre of the judicial district (Gerichtsamt) Frohburg, until it passed to Amtshauptmannschaft (district) Borna.
Following a recession in the 19th century, the establishment of a calico printing mill in 1883 and the start of lignite mining north of the town helped economic recovery.
During World War II, a satellite camp of Buchenwald concentration camp was located just outside the village of Flößberg. The forced labour camp was a branch of the Leipzig-based arms manufacturer, Hugo Schneider AG (HASAG).
The neighbouring community of Streitwald was incorporated into the town in 1973, followed by Greifenhain in 1995, Benndorf in 1997, and Eschefeld, Frauendorf, Roda, Nenkersdorf and Schönau in 1999. On 1 January 2008 Frohburg and the community of Eulatal formed an administrative collectivity which ended a year later when Eulatal joined the community of Frohburg. The town of Kohren-Sahlis was incorporated into the town in 2018.
Geography and TransportEdit
A south-north section of former B 95 connecting Chemnitz and Leipzig, now reclassified as state road S 51, runs through Frohburg. South of the town it intersects with B 7, running west from Rochlitz. The Neukieritzsch–Chemnitz railway, with trains between Leipzig and Geithain currently operated by Transdev, has a station in the town. The Frohburg junction of state road S 11 with A 72 is currently (2016) under construction.
Sons and daughters of the townEdit
- Johannes Schmidt (1861-1926) German classical philologist and high school teacher.
- Otto Nuschke (1883-1957), politician and CDU - chairman in the Soviet occupation zone
- Guntram Vesper (born 1941), writer, his novel Frohburg received the Preis der Leipziger Buchmesse in 2016
- Richard Schröder (born 1943), theologian and philosopher
Personalities who have worked on the groundEdit
- Kunz von Kauffungen (1410-1455), Saxon nobleman, knight and military commander, lived from 1552 to 1555 in Wolftitz castle
- Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949), German composer, conductor and author of political and theoretical writings, honorary citizen of Frohburg
- Conrad Felixmüller (1897-1977), painter, lived in Tautenhain from 1944 to 1967 and created in 1951/52 the galleries for the church
- Frauke Petry (born 1975), chemist, politician, AfD - chairman, lived in the district of Tautenhain
- "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
- Baudisch, Susanne. "Kommentar zu: Ernst Eichler, Hans Walther, Alt-Leipzig und das Leipziger Land. Leipzig 2010–hier S. 75–76. (in German)
- Frohburg in the Digital Historic Index of Places in Saxony (Digitales Historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen)
- Thomas Lang, "Jüdische Gemeinden gegen Umbettung von Toten des KZ-Außenlagers Flößberg" Leipziger Volkszeitung online. (July 19, 2010). Retrieved March 29, 2011 (in German)
- "Classic Open 2017 auf dem Frohburger Dreieck: Minister soll's richten". LVZ (in German). 5 December 2016.